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15 Pay vs. Palanca

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15 Pay vs. Palanca
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  SECOND DIVISION G.R. No. L-29900June 28, 1974IN THE MATTER O THE INTESTATE ESTATE O J!STO ALANCA, De#e$%e&, GEORGE A',  (e)*)*one+-$((e$n), %.SEG!NDINA CH!A VDA. DE ALANCA, o((o%*)o+-$((eee.o+en)*no . &e Ro%$+*o /o+ (e)*)*one+-$((e$n).M$nue V. S$n Jo%e /o+ o((o%*)o+-$((eee. ERNANDO, J.(Te+e *% no &*//*#u) $))en&*n3 )e &*%(o%*)*on o/ )*% $((e$  (e)*)*one+ on 5ue%)*on% o/ $6. *e %ee+$  (o*n)% 6e+e +$*%e&, )e &e#*%*e *%%ue *% 6e)e+ $ #+e&*)o+ *% $++e&  (+e%#+*()*on *n *% $))e() )o #oe#) on $ (+o*%%o+ no)e ee#u)e& o+e )$n /*/)een e$+% e$+*e+ 6*) )e &e)o+ %ue& (+o*%*n3 )o ($ e*)e+ u(on +e#e*()  * o/ *% %$+e /+o $ #e+)$*n e%)$)e o+ u(on &e$n&, )e $%*% /o+ )e $#)*on e*n3 )e $))e+ $)e+n$)*e. Te o6e+ #ou+) e& )$) )e )en-e$+ (e+*o& o/ **)$)*on o/ $#)*on% &*& $((, )e no)e e*n3 *e&*$)e &ue $n& &e$n&$e, )e #+e&*)o+ $&*))*n3 e(+e%% )$) e 6$% +e*n3 on )e 6o+&*n3 :u(on &e$n&.: On )e $oe /$#)% $% /oun&, $n& 6*) )e $6 e*n3 $% *) *%, *) #$nno) e %$*& )$) *)% &e#*%*on *% *n/e#)e& 6*) e++o+. e $//*+.+o )e $((e$e& &e#*%*on, )e /oo6*n3 $((e$+% :Te ($+)*e% *n )*% #$%e $3+ee& )o %u*) )e $))e+ /o+ +e%ou)*on on )e $%*% o/ )e*+ (e$&*n3% $n& $nnee% $n& )e*+ +e%(e#)*e eo+$n&$ %u*))e&. e)*)*one+ Geo+3e $ *% $ #+e&*)o+ o/ )e L$)e Ju%)o $$n#$ 6o &*e& *n M$n*$ on Ju ;, 19<;. Te #$* o/ )e  (e)*)*one+ *% $%e& on $ (+o*%%o+ no)e &$)e& J$nu$+ ;0, 19=2, 6e+e )e $)e Ju%)o $$n#$ $n& Ro%$ Gon>$e% V&$. &e C$+o% $$n#$ (+o*%e& )o ($ Geo+3e $ )e $oun) o/ 2<,900.00, 6*) *n)e+e%) )e+eon $) )e +$)e o/ 12? (e+ $nnu. Geo+3e $ *% no6 e/o+e )*% Cou+), $%@*n3 )$) Se3un&*n$ Cu$ &$. &e $$n#$, %u+**n3 %(ou%e o/ )e $)e Ju%)o $$n#$, e $((o*n)e& $% $&*n*%)+$)+* o/ $ #e+)$*n (*e#e o/ (+o(e+) 6*# *% $ +e%*&en)*$ &6e*n3 o#$)e& $) 2<=< T$/) Aenue, M$n*$, #oe+e&  T$ De#$+$)*on No. ;114 *n )en$e o/ Ju%)o $$n#$, $%%e%%e& $) 41,800.00. Te *&e$ *% )$) on#e %$*& (+o(e+) *% +ou3) un&e+ $&*n*%)+$)*on, Geo+3e $, $% #+e&*)o+, #$n /*e *% #$* $3$*n%) )e $&*n*%)+$)+*.: 1 I) )en %)$)e& )$) )e  (e)*)*on #ou& no) (+o%(e+ $% )e+e 6$% $ +e/u%$ on )e ($+) o/ Se3un&*n$ Cu$ V&$. &e $$n#$ )o e $((o*n)e& $% $&*n*%)+$)+* )$) )e (+o(e+) %ou3) )o e $&*n*%)e+e& no on3e+ eon3e& )o )e &e)o+, )e $)e Ju%)o $$n#$ $n& )$) )e +*3)% o/ (e)*)*one+-#+e&*)o+ $& $+e$& (+e%#+*e&. 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Te $#)*on, )e+e/o+e, o/ )e #+e&*)o+ $% &e/*n*)e (+e%#+*e&.: 4 Te +e%u), $% $oe no)e&, 6$% )e &*%*%%$ o/ )e (e)*)*on.In $n e$u%)*e +*e/ (+e($+e&  A))o+ne o+en)*no . &e Ro%$+*o, (e)*)*one+ &*& $%%$* )e #o++e#)ne%% o/ )e+u*n3% o/ )e o6e+ #ou+) $% )o )e e//e#) o/ )e +e/u%$ o/ )e %u+**n3 %(ou%e o/ )e $)e Ju%)o $$n#$ )o e $((o*n)e& $% $&*n*%)+$)+*, $% )o )e (+o(e+) %ou3) )o e $&*n*%)e+e& no on3e+ eon3*n3 )o )e &e)o+, )e $)e Ju%)o $$n#$, $n& $% )o )e +*3)% o/ (e)*)*one+-#+e&*)o+ $*n3 $+e$& (+e%#+*e&. A% no)e& $) )e ou)%e), on )e 5ue%)*on o/ (+e%#+*()*on nee& &e)$*n u% *n )e &*%(o%*)*on o/ )*% $((e$. L*@e6*%e, $% *n)*$)e&, )e &e#*%*on u%) e $//*+e&, #on%*&e+*n3 )e #e$+ )eno+ o/ )e (+o*%%o+ no)e.+o )e $nne+ *n 6*# )e (+o*%%o+ no)e 6$% ee#u)e&, *) 6ou& $((e$+ )$) (e)*)*one+ 6$% o(e/u )$) )e %$)*%/$#)*on o/ *% #+e&*) #ou& e +e$*>e& e*)e+ )+ou3 )e &e)o+ %ue& +e#e**n3 #$% ($en) /+o )e e%)$)e o/ )e $)e C$+o% $$n#$ (+e%u()*e $% one o/ )e e*+%, o+, $% e(+e%%e& )e+e*n, :u(on &e$n&.: Te+e *% no)*n3 *n )e +e#o+& )$) 6ou& *n&*#$)e 6e)e+ o+ no) )e /*+%) $)e+n$)*e 6$% /u/*e&. $) *% un&en*$e *% )$) on Au3u%) 2<, 19<7, o+e )$n /*/)een e$+% $/)e+ )e ee#u)*on o/ )e (+o*%%o+ no)e on J$nu$+ ;0, 19=2, )*% (e)*)*on 6$% /*e&. Te &e/en%e *n)e+(o%e& 6$% (+e%#+*()*on. I)% e+*) *% +$)e+ o*ou%.  A+)*#e 1179 o/ )e C** Co&e (+o*&e% :Ee+ o*3$)*on 6o%e (e+/o+$n#e &oe% no) &e(en& u(on $ /u)u+e o+ un#e+)$*n een), o+ u(on $ ($%) een) un@no6n )o )e ($+)*e%, *% &e$n&$e $) on#e.: T*% u%e& )o e A+)*#e 111; o/ )e S($n*% C** Co&e o/ 1889. A% /$+ $#@ $% o+*$no . De3$&o, = $ 1908 &e#*%*on, *) $% een $((*e& $##o+&*n3 )o *)% e(+e%% $n3u$3e. Te 6e-@no6n S($n*% #oen)$)o+, M$n+e%$, on )*% (o*n), %)$)e%:De$n&o #on $#*e+)o, e #$+$#)e+ $% )eo+*#o  3+$/*#o &e $#)o, o %e$ $ (e+/e##*on &e e%)e, %e /*$, ($+$ &e)e+*n$+ e #on#e()o &e $ o*3$#*on (u+$, en e &*%)*n#)*e &e e%)$,  5ue e% #on%e#uen#*$ &e $5ue $ e*3***&$& *e&*$)$.: <Te o*3$)*on e*n3 &ue $n& &e$n&$e, *) 6ou& $((e$+ )$) )e /**n3 o/ )e %u*) $/)e+ /*/)een e$+% 6$% u#)oo $)e. o+ $3$*n, $##o+&*n3 )o )e C** Co&e, 6*# *% $%e& on Se#)*on 4; o/ A#) No. 190, )e (+e%#+*()*e  (e+*o& /o+ $ 6+*))en #on)+$#) *% )$) o/ )en e$+%. 7 T*% *% $no)e+ *n%)$n#e 6e+e )*% Cou+) $% #on%*%)en) $&e+e& )o )e e(+e%% $n3u$3e o/ )e $((*#$e no+. 8 Te+e *% no ne#e%%*) )e+e/o+e o/ ($%%*n3 u(on )e o)e+ e3$ 5ue%)*on% $% )o 6e)e+ o+ no) *) &*& %u//*#e /o+ )e (e)*)*on )o /$* u%) e#$u%e )e %u+**n3 %(ou%e +e/u%e% )o e $&e $&*n*%)+$)+*, o+ u%) e#$u%e )e e%)$)e 6$% e/) 6*) no o)e+ (+o(e+). Te &e#*%*on o/ )e o6e+ #ou+) #$nno) e oe+)u+ne&.HEREORE, )e o6e+ #ou+) &e#*%*on o/ Ju 24, 19<8 *% $//*+e&. Co%)% $3$*n%) Geo+3e $.$&*$+ FC$*+$n, $++e&o, An)on*o, e+n$n&e> $n& A5u*no, JJ., #on#u+. 

13-1641

Jul 22, 2017
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