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162 Contemplating the Creation of the Heavens and the Earth

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1 162 Understanding the creation of the Universe. Dear Friends, Assalamu Alaikum, The topic that I spoke on last week was ‘Objectives for Creating the Universe’ In that talk I was trying to discuss two rather interesting questions. It was from considering the ِ ‫السماو‬ Aayaths in the Quran that describe the creation of the (‫ض‬ َ َ ‫ات و أاْلَر‬ َ ) along with the now ‫َ أ‬ َ َ ّ compelling scientific evidence and the resulting theory which is popularly known as the ‘Big Bang’ that I tried
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  1  2 162 Understanding the creation of the Universe. Dear Friends, Assalamu Alaikum, The topic that I spoke on last week was ‘Objectives for Creating the Universe’  In that talk I was trying to discuss two rather interesting questions. It was from considering the Aayaths in the Quran that describe the creation of the (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) along with the now compelling scientific evidence and the resulting theory which is popularly known as the ‘Big Bang’ that I tried to deal with these two questions. The first of these questions   was ‘I f this Universe was created 13.7 Billion years ago, then what was there before the ‘ Big Bang ’?  This is a quote from the BBC VDO Documentary titled ‘ How the earth was formed ’   “ The Universe came out of nothing. It was nowhere because before it there was no time, there was also no space, there was truly truly truly nothing, that is to say not even a place where it happened, not even a time at which it happened. Somehow out of this nothing, came everything! ”   By definition God has neither beginning nor an end. So obviously God has to have been present even before the ‘Big Bang’   So, if this Universe was just not present before the ‘Big Bang’ then  where was God? Was He in another Universe? Then, are there many other Universes? This is really interesting because science is now exploring many new theories and hypotheses under the subjects of quantum physics and the string theory, and the idea of Multiple Universes or the Multiverse is very much in the focus of these discussions. So if we consider the presence of many other Universes and then the subsequent creation of this Universe, it is natural that we ask the question ‘what   happened or what were the events and the underlying reasons for the creation if this Universe? ’   So that is the first of the two questions that I have asked and then tried to answer. The second of those two questions was ‘ what are the objectives of creating this Universe? ’   Now that question was in fact the title of the talk. Actually the objectives as outlined in many Aayaths of the Quran that I read or rather quoted in last week’s  talk provide insights or pointers to the answers to both these questions. For today’s  talk I hope to go in to another two areas, namely; 1.   The nature of this universe, and 2.   The nature of man. Both these creations are interconnected in many ways. So sometimes you would find that when discussing the nature of the creation of the Universe I would also have to discuss the nature of the creation of man and vice versa  –   Insha Allah!  3 So let us study the creation of the (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) or for ease let me use the word the universe and how do we do that? Obviously through observing this Universe! However, I do this from two aspects. The first would be through modern scientific findings, and the next would be through some of the related Aayaths from the Quran. The observations from the Aayaths of the Quran are the more significant and also the more intellectually stimulating. From reading the Aayaths that describes the objectives of the creation of the Universe I find that the phrase (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) appears 129 times in the Quran. From reading these Aayaths it appears that we had been present even before this Universe was created or we can say we had  been present even before the ‘Big Bang’  This statement or this deduction would automatically bring up many questions, such as; ‘Where were we?’ ‘What were we doing?’   ‘What form were we in?’   ‘Why can’t we remember this past existence?’  Maybe, Insha Allah, as we keep on delving into and contemplating on the pointers as shown in the Aayaths of the Quran we may begin to unearth the answers to many of these questions. As I have mentioned earlier this phrase (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) appears 129 times in the Quran.  Now what could this mean? Last week I discussed the objectives of the creation of the (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) through some of these   Aayaths, so this week let us try to find out what this ‘Samaawaathi’ (  ِتاَوََا ) really means. In Arabic all words are derived from root words which usually consist of three and rarely of four or five letters. The common 3 letter root is referred to as the triliteral root. The word ‘As Samaawaathi ’  (  ِتاَوََا ) is derived from the triliteral root consisting of sīn mīm wāw   ().   It is interesting to note that this triliteral root   sīn mīm wāw   () occurs 381 times in the Quran, in six derived forms. The other words derived from this root are: Ism  –   which is translated as name, but it also means a noun. In Arabic the nominal sentence is usually referred to as the ‘Jumla Ismiyya’  The plural of Ism is ‘ Asma ’  and to most of us this word ‘ Asma ’  connotes the phrase Asma Ul Husna which means the most beautiful names of Allah or more correctly the most beautiful attributes of Allah. So already we have come up with 3 broad meanings for this word Ism. It means Name, Noun and also Attribute.  4 It is from this same triliteral root tha t we get the words ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’.   ‘As Samaa - i’ is usually translated as ‘sky’ and the word ‘As Samaawaathi’ is usually translated as ‘the skies’ or ‘the heavens’.   ‘As Samaawaathi’ is the plural of ‘As Samaa -i ’   Now I ask a question that actually puzzles me. The words ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’ are derived from the triliteral root sīn mīm wāw   () and the most basic form of the root is Ism and in the plural Asma. Now Ism and Asma refer to the words ‘  Name ’  or ‘  Names ’ , ‘  Noun ’  or ‘  Nouns ’  and also ‘ Attribute ’  or ‘ Attributes ’ , especially when referring to the ‘ Attributes of Allah ’ . So if ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’ are built on the Arabic words Ism and Asma how could it mean sky or heavens? ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’ ha s to be connected with or has to have a meaning directly connected to Names or Nouns or Attributes. So could it be that ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’ really expresses the space or the receptacle that contains or showcases the Names or the Nouns or the Attributes? So cou ld it be that ‘As Samaa - i’ and ‘As Samaawaathi’ are actually containers or showcases for the Asmaa? The Earth or the Ardhl which is contained within this ‘As Samaawaathi’ also holds many of these  Asmaa too! Well now things begin to make sense because these names or these nouns or (if we were to use the Arabic word) these Asma in the (  َضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا ) is pointed out to us through the Aayaths of the Quran which itself had been sent down to Earth. Aayath No’s 190 &  191 of Surah Aal  –   E Imraan draws our attention to these signs or these Aayaths is a beautiful manner, as follows; [003:190] Certainly! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day,- there are indeed Aayaath (Signs) for the Oolul Albaab (men of understanding),- ِرََاَو   ِَا   ِفَِخاَو   ِضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا   ِقَخ   ِ   َنِ﴿   ِبََا   ِوُّ   ٍتََ١   And how do those Oolul Albaab respond to these Aayaath or these signs? [003:191]  –  Part b - Men who celebrate the praises of God, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth, َنوُَََََو   ِِُُج   ٰَََو   اًدُعُَو   ًَِ   ََا   َنوُُذَ   َِذَاِ   َكََحُس   ًِطَ   اَذٰَ   َََخ   َ   َََر   ِضرَاَو   ِتاَوََا   ِقَخ﴿   ِرَا   َباَذَ   َِَ﴾   When they do Zikr of all these signs or these Aayaths it becomes obvious to them that this Universe is coming to an end and they also realize that many out of Mankind would be doomed to Hell for ever.
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