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17098_Hydropower Plant - Watre Power 3

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    HYDROPOWER  BASIC EQUATION FOR HYDROPOWER Power in kW = 9.81 x Flow x Head x Efficiency    Hydropower in India o 20% of total energy of the world is met by hydropower stations. o The present installed capacity as on September 30, 2013 is approximately 39,788.40 MW which is 17.39% of total electricity generation in India o First HEP was initiated in INDIA in 1897 with a run-of-river scheme near Darjeeling. o Large multiple projects like Tehri, DVC, Bhakara nangal, Hirakund, Nagarjunsagar, Koyna, Naptha Jhakri etc. o  NHPC, Northeast Electric Power Company (NEEPCO), (SJVNL), THDC, NTPC-Hydro    o Renewable source of energy o Clean & non-polluting source of energy o Low generation cost o Longer span of life  –   50 yrs o Reliable source of energy  –   minimum maintenance o Quick start & stop, picking up and dropping loads in a few minutes o Peaking operation of hydro projects enables optimum utilization of thermal capacity o Due to fast response, the hydro plants enhance system stability o Socio-economic benefits o Being simple in design and operation, the hydro plants do not require highly skilled workers. ADVANTAGES
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