1. INTRODUCTION Industrial way of garment production needs a thorough preparation of production because in the same time, it is necessary to combine a few factors: people, time, machines and place of production, organization and material in a coordinated and rational system. Technological system of garment production must enable expected quality of product, necessary scope of production, delivery of ready-made garments in the expected time, maximum u
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  1. INTRODUCTION Industrial way of garment productionneeds a thorough preparation of production because in the same time, it is necessary tocombine a few factors: people, time,machines and place of production,organization and material in a coordinatedand rational system. Technological system of garment production must enable expectedquality of product, necessary scope of  production, delivery of ready-made garmentsin the expected time, maximum use of capacity with minimum expenses. Becauseof a variety of designs of clothing articlesand a great number of procedures in the production process, deviations and faults indifferent places and various frequenciesoccur. To achieve the production withoutdeviations and faults, it is necessary tointroduce methods for evaluating all thefactors affecting the quality of products.Atechnological preparation consists of ananalysis, perfection and improvement of jobsconnected with technological processes thatcan be divided into a few groups of jobs suchas: technological analysis of productionoperations and the choice of means of  production, planning technologicaloperations as well as montage, choice of systems of technological process, choice of inter phase transport systems, choice of systems of building in posts, determinationof technological- technical characteristics SYSTEM PPORFIN GARMENTINDUSTRY M. Martinovi}  a and G. ^olovi}  b * a Faculty of Industrial Management, Kru{evac, SerbiabTechnical Textile College, Belgrade, Serbia (Received 30 November 2006; accepted 13 March 2007) Abstract At today's competitive market place, there is a need for business organizations to ensure continualimprovement. Manufacturing garment companies experience growing pressure to improve quality,increase productivity, and reduce cost with limited resources. Fashion industry need to reduce responsetime, eliminate errors, and improve customer satisfaction.  Keywords: TQM, 20 keys, garment industry, change, quality *Corresponding author: Serbian Journalof Management Serbian Journal of Management 2 (1) (2007) 77 - 85  necessary to programmed machines, studiesof work as well as forming posts. Atechnological garment production processconsists of technological cutting process,sewing process and finishing garments process, in the figure 1. There are great problems in our fashionindustry as far as market research, followingcompetition, investment in its owndevelopment, making its own designs, andscientific way of introducing fashion products on the market are concerned. Fast 78  M. Martinovi}  / SJM 2 (1) (2007) 77 - 85 Technical -technological  preparation of shirt Project - construction preparation Operating-technological  preparation Material testing (mechanical,  physical &chemical properties) Fashion design and technical drawing Construction, pattern making, completion and multiplying (set of sizes) Making samples Making pattern pieces Plan of technological operations cutting, sewing and finishing Warehouse of raw Technoloical rocess Thermo fixation Technological sewing Makin collars Makin ockets Makin riht front Makin left front arts Making back Makin sleeves Makin cuffs Technoloical finishin Final ironin Qualit control Warehouse of read-Market Cuttin Placing of material  Figure 1 Technical-technological preparation and technological shirt production process  changes in technology as well as customers'expectations make a producer keepingimproving his/her fashion products andquality in order to keep his/her position onthe market. It is not necessary only to applythe latest technological achievements in the production of high quality garments,although garment production is a verycomplex process. Quality of each garment production asks for:1.quality of a product,2.quality of a textile material,3.quality of a process of production -quality of a market research, quality of adesign, quality of a material purchase,quality of a production as well as of sale. 2. PPORF One of TQM method PPORF (ThePractical Program of Revolution in Factoriesand Other Organizations) as developmentIwao Kobayashi, but first time system usedin Toyota Company. System has 20 keys for development production; reduce time andlow price, in the figure 2. Today this methodis use in approximately 700 companies in 55countries, like as Cadbury , Gillette , Siemens , Sanyo , Mitsubishi Electric , Seiko Instruments and Parmalat . They[1]:-have better business strategy,-fast learning and innovation,-increase productivity and flexibility, -eliminate errors,-motivation of workers and-advance competitiveness.The method 20 Keys used in Slovenia for 5 years in many companies. For exampletheir garment producer Elkroj reducedactivity for 24 % and reduced missingworkers for 20 %. In Gorenje reducedmissing workers for 14 % and in Iskra reduced stock for 30%.When companies used this method theyget results but step by step . The best resultstoday is in Siemens company (mark 4;companies in Japan had mark 3,5). [2]The basic difference between the conceptsTQM and 20 Keys is the customer approach.TQM is oriented mostly towards theorganization's business environment andfavours the customer, while the 20 Keysmethod is oriented mostly towards theinternal environment and especially theaspects of its operation. Thus, these twoconcepts are complementary and can hardly be treated separately in an integrated projectin business practice. [3] 3. IMPLEMENTATION PPORFINGARMENTINDUSTRY In domestic garment companies PPORFis not in use. In our country we start withreorganization of few garment companies(project Gesellschaft für TechnischeZusammenarbeit/ Programm für Wirtschaftsund Beschäftigungsförderung in Serbien) for Euro line ( natural work flow of manufacturing, control tact time, training of the employees, using trolley for transport between sewing machine). But we also neednew method for rationalize all system of manufacturing garment. Because of that thisanalysis is done in the domestic company of  produce men's and women's wear to only tryhow to implementation system. The system 20 keys include [4]: Key 1: Because lot of textile materialswas on the floor near cutting machine andsewing machine cleaning and organizingworkspace is necessary. Workers in cuttingroom and sewing room must have clean and 79  M. Martinovi}  / SJM 2 (1) (2007) 77 - 85  ergonomic workspace with specially toolsfor sewing (for sewing different seams and border).  Key 2: The rationalize system is natural work flow of manufacturing with a lot of thedifferent products (shirts, blouses, skirts andwork wear) and description of the newtechnological specifications for each products. The technological specificationsare very big problem in our garmentindustry.  Key 3: All the employed must be activityideas and experience. The small group of workers must talk about problems andquality of product.  Key 4: The work in progress in notdesirable, because new system reduction of good stocks  Key 5: The new technology for garment production needs flexibility for manufacturein accordance with market requirements.Fast changes in technology as well ascustomers' expectations make a producer keep improving his fashion products andquality in order to keep his position on themarket. Markets researches, consumers'wishes, requests, and criteria mean inevitableand dominant task for a producer of  80  M. Martinovi}  / SJM 2 (1) (2007) 77 - 85  Figure 2. Method 20 Keys [6]
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