Documents

200711781-008.pdf

Description
The Origins of Psycho-Analysis similar, but much weaker and more transitory attack with the same feelings. (From this I saw that the path leading down to the deeper layers of her mind lay through her memory-image of the orgasm itself.) We now investigated this earlier scene. At that time-four years back-she had had an engagement at Ratisbon. In the morning she had sung at a rehearsal and given satisfaction. In the afternoon, at home, she had had a vision -as if there were something between he
Categories
Published
of 16
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  TheOriginsofPsycho-Analysis similar,butmuchweakerandmoretransitoryattackwiththesamefeelings.(FromthisIsawthatthepathleadingdowntothedeeperlayersofhermindlaythroughhermemory-imageoftheorgasmitself.)Wenowinvestigatedthisearlierscene.Atthattime-fouryearsback-shehadhadanengagementatRatisbon.Inthemorningshehadsungatarehearsalandgivensatisfaction.Intheafternoon,athome,shehadhada vision -asifthereweresomethingbetweenher(arow)andthetenorofthecompanyandanotherman,andafter-wardsshehadhadtheattack,withthefearthatshewasgoingmad.Herethen,wasaSceneIIwhichhadbeentouchedonbyassocia-tioninScene 1. Butonceagainthememoryclearlyhadgapsinit.Theremusthavebeenstillfurtherideaspresent,toaccountforthereleaseofsexualfeelingandfright.Ienquiredfortheseintermediatelinks,butinsteadIwasgivenhermotivations.Shehaddislikedthewholeoflifeonthestage.-Why?-Thebrusquenessofthemanagerandtheactors relationstooneanother.-Iaskedfordetailsofthis.-Therehadbeenacomicoldwoman,andtheyoungmenhadamusedthemselvesbyaskingheriftheymightcomeandspendthenightwithher.-Iaskedforsomethingfurther,aboutthe tenor.-He hadpesteredheraswell;attherehearsalhehadputhishandonherbreast.Throughherclothesoronherbareskin?-Shebegantosaythelatter,butthentookitback;shehadbeeninoutdoorclothes.-Well,whatelse?-Thewholecharacteroftheirrelations-shehadfoundalltheembracingandkissingbetweentheactorsfrightful.-Yes?-Onceagainthemanager sbrusqueness;moreovershehadonlystayedafewdays.-Wasthetenor sassaultmadeonthesamedayasyourattack?-No;shedidnotknowwhether it wasearlierorlater.-Theprocedurebypressureshowedthattheassaulthadbeenonthefourthdayofherstayandherattackonthesixthday.Interruptedbythepatient sflight.  9   I 96. lvl ydearWilhelm,Thefirstleisureofthenewyearbelongstoyou-toshakeyourhandacrossthefewkilometresbetweenus,andtotellyou  Letterof I.I.96 howgladIwastohearbothyourfamilynewsandthenewsaboutyourwork.Iamdelightedthatyouhaveason, andwithhimthehopeofotherchildren.WhiletheprospectwasstilldistantIdidnotwanteitherofustohavetoadmitwhatyouwouldhavemissed....Yourletters,suchasthelastforinstance,containawealthofscientificpenetrationandimaginationaboutwhichallIcansay,unfortunately,isthatIamfascinatedandoverwhelmed.ThethoughtthatweshouldbothbebusywiththesameworkisthehappiestthatIcouldhavejustnow.Iseethatyouareusingthecircuitousrouteofmedicinetoattainyourfirstideal,thephysiologicalunderstandingofman,whileIsecretlynursethehopeofarrivingbythesamerouteatmyownoriginalobjective,philosophy.Forthatwasmyoriginalambition,beforeIknewwhatIwasintendedtodointheworld.Duringthelast few weeksIhavetriedrepeatedlytosummarizemylatestfindingsaboutthedefenceneurosesforyou,assomerecompenseforwhatyouhavesentme,butmythinkingcapacitywassoexhaustedlastspringthatnowIcannotdoanything.ButIshallpullmyselftogetherandsendyouthefragment. 2 Astill,smallvoicehaswarnedmeagaintopostponethedescriptionofhysteria-itcontainstoomuchuncertainty.Youwillprobablybepleasedwiththeobsessionalneurosis.Thefewremarksonparanoiaarisefromarecentlybegunanalysiswhichhasalreadyestablishedbeyonddoubtthat paranoiaisreallyadefenceneurosis. Whetherthisexplanationhastherapeuticvalueremainstobeseen.Yourremarksonmigraine haveledmetoanideawhichwouldresultinacompleterevisionofallmy :t~w theories,onwhichIcannotventurenow.I shall trytoindicateit,however. 4 Istartofffromthetwospeciesofnerve-endings.Thefreenerve-endingsreceiveonlyquantityandconductitto~by 1 RobertWilhelm. 2 SeethefollowingDraftK(p. 146), partofwhichisidenticalwiththepaper FurtherRemarksontheNeuro-PsychosesofDefence. ( 18 96b). 3 Thesehavenotsurvived.~Thefollowingreferstothe Project , 17  TheOriginsofPsycho-Analysis summation; [C o  Project ,p. 377-8] theyhavenopower,however,toevokesensation-thatis,toaffect co Inthisconnectiontheneuronicmotionretainsitsgenuinecharacterofbeingmonotonousinquality. [Ibid., pp. 371-2]. Thesearethepathwaysforallthequantitythatfills~,includingsexualenergy,ofcourse.Thenerve-pathswhichstartfromterminalorgansdonotconductquantitybuttheirparticularqualitativecharacteristic.Theyaddnothingtothesum[ofquantity]inthe  Y -neurones,butmerelyputtheseneuronesintoastateofexcitation.Theperceptualneurones  w arethose  Y -neuroneswhicharecapableofonlyaverysmallquantitativecathexis.Thenecessarycon-ditionforthegenerationofconsciousnessisthecoincidenceoftheseminimalquantitieswiththequalitywhichisfaithfullytransferredtothemfromtheterminalorgan.InmynewschemeIinserttheseperceptualneurones  w betweenthe<P-neuronesandthe  Y -neurones;sothat  l transfersitsqualityto co and co transfersneitherqualitynorquantityto  Y butmerelyexcites Y-thatis,indicatesthedirectiontobetakenbythefreepsychicalenergy[ofattention].(IdonotknowifyoucanmakeoutthisdoubleDutch.Thereare,asitwere,threewaysinwhichneuronescanaffectoneanother:(I)theycantransferquantitytooneanother; (2) theycantransferqualitytooneanother;(3)theycan,inaccordancewithcertainrules,haveanexcitingeffectononeanother.)Onthisview,perceptualprocesseswould eoipso [fromtheirverynature]involveconsciousness,andwouldonlyproducefurtherpsychicaleffects after becomingconscious.The  Y -pro-cesseswouldinthemselvesbeunconscious,andwouldonlysubsequentlyacquireasecondary,artificialconsciousnessbybeinglinkedwithprocessesofdischargeandperception(withspeech-associations).Adischargefrom co whichIhadtoassumeinmyotheraccount,nowbecomesunnecessary.Hallucinations,whichwerealwayshardtoexplain,arenolongeraretrogressionofexcitationto <P, butonlyto 0 . Itisnowfareasiertounderstandtheruleofdefence,whichdoesnotapplytoperceptionsbutonlyto f -processes.Thefactthatsecondaryconsciousnesslags  Letterof 1.1.96143 behindmakes it possibletogiveasimpleaccountoftheprocessesinneuroses.Iamalsorelievedofthetroublesomeproblemofhowmuchofthestrengthof<D-excitations(sensorystimuli)istransferredto  ¥ -neurones.Theansweris:noneatall,directly;thequantity(Q)in  ¥ dependsonlyonhowfarfree  ¥ -attentionisdirectedbytheperceptualneurones  U)~\f). Thenewhypothesisalsofitsinbetterwiththefactofobjectivesensorystimulibeingofsuchminimalsizethatitisdifficulttoderivetheforceofthewillfromthatsourceinaccordancewiththeprincipleofconstancy.Wenowsee,however,thatsensationbringsnoquantity(Q)whateverto  ¥, andthatthesourceof  If -energyisderivedfromthe[endogenous]organicpathsofconduction.Ialsofindanexplanationofthereleaseofunpleasure,whichIrequireforthepurposeofrepressioninthesexualneuroses,intheconflictbetweenthepurelyquantitativeorganicconductionandtheprocessesthatare excited in  Y byconscioussensations.Asregards your sideofthequestion,thepossibilityarisesthatstatesofstimulationmayoccurinorganswhichproduceno spontaneous sensations(thoughtheymustnodoubtexhibitsusceptibilitytopressure),butwhichcanbeexcitedinareflexmanner(thatis,throughtheeffectofequilibrium)bydis-turbancesarisingfromotherneuroniccentres.Forthenotionoftherebeingamutual binding betweenneuronesorneuroniccentresalsomakesitlikelythatthesymptomsofmotordis-chargeareofverydifferentkinds. Voluntaryactionsarepro-bablydeterminedbyatransferenceofquantity(Q),sincetheydischargepsychicaltension.Butontheotherhandtherearepleasurabledischarges,convulsivemovementsandsoon,whichIexplainbysupposingthatwhatishappeningisnotthatquan-tityisbeing transferred tothemotorcentrebutthatitisbeing   Thesemodificationsoftheviewsstatedinthe Project deserveattentionastheyareareformulationofthedifferencebetweenperceptualstimuliandinternalstimuli;theypreparetheway to thecontrastbetween~on~clOusa~dt;n-conscious(butnotrepressed)mentalprocessesandthus point mthedirectionoftheconceptionofthestructureofthemindatwhichFreudarrivedinlateryears.TheirimmediatedevelopmentistobeseeninChapterVII.of TheInter-pretationofDreams: theconceptionofhallucinationhintedathere IS repeated in itpracticallyunaltered.
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks