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2014 Bull CAT - 03 Verbal

Bull's Eye Paper Verbal section
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    ulls Eye SECTION II: Verbal & Reasoning  DIRECTIONS  for question 51 & 52:  In the following paragraph, the last line of the paragraph is left unfinished. Beneath the paragraph, four different ways of completing the paragraph are indicated. Choose the best alternative amongst the four.   51.  Feminists, worldwide, have always pointed towards women’s plight through the institution of motherhood while others have tried re-conceptualizing the aspects of mothering away from sexism and labor divisions under which it has been constructed hitherto. Both the schools agree on women's options being limited, if the female identity, sufficiently lionized in popular folklore, is so inextricably intertwined with motherhood, or if it is offered as the only or the best way to live a meaningful life. (____________________). 1. Unsurprisingly, issueless married women, either of their own volition or due to medical constraints, feel marginalized, socially ostracized, and even worthless. 2. Consequently, it does no good to woman that theoretically, at least, they enjoy complete freedom of choice in a democracy. 3. Consequently, for men too, women bearing children is tantamount to an implicit societal compliance. 4. Consequently, even today, marriage is a paramount life goal for almost all women, including working ones. 52.  Out of Mother Teresa, Bill Gates or Norman Borlaug who is the most and least admirable? Mother Teresa is the easiest answer for most. She has been beatified by the Vatican, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and ranked in an American poll as the most admired person of the 20th century. Bill Gates, infamous for giving us the Microsoft dancing paper clip and the blue screen of death, has been decapitated in effigy in “I Hate Gates” Web sites and hit with a pie in the face. As for Norman Borlaug . . . who the heck is Norman Borlaug? (Borlaug, father of the “Green Revolution” that used agricultural science to reduce world hunger, has been credited with saving a billion lives, more than anyone else in history.) It’s not hard to see why the moral reputations of this trio should be so out of line with the good they have done. (___________________________________). 1. Mother Teresa, for her part, extolled the virtue of suffering and ran her well-financed missions accordingly: their sick patrons were offered plenty of prayer but harsh conditions, few analgesics and dangerously primitive medical care. 2. It is because our heads can be turned by an aura of sanctity, distracting us from a more objective reckoning of the actions. 3. Gates, in deciding what to do with his fortune, crunched the numbers and determined that he could alleviate the most misery by fighting everyday scourges in the developing world like malaria, diarrhea and parasites. 4. Mother Teresa was the very embodiment of saintliness: white-clad, sad-eyed, ascetic and often  photographed with the wretched of the earth. DIRECTIONS  for questions 53 and 54 :  Each question consists of five statements labelled A, B, C, D and E which when logically ordered forms a cogent passage. Choose the option that represents the most logical order. 53. A. It may be driven by powerful forces, but ultimately it’s a choice, not a fact of nature. B. So the question is not whether society can reduce inequality, but whether it wants to. C. The growth of inequality can sometimes feel as inexorable as the subterranean shifting of tectonic  plates. D. What allows a person like Bill Gates to keep getting richer in spite of himself, is a web of human-designed institutions and practices, from the tax system to patent law. E. If the answer to that is yes, the next question is how. 1. CAEBD 2. ACEBD 3. EBCAD 4. CADBE    ulls Eye 54. A. Although philosophy has always involved a great deal of innovation in new terminology, the defenders of ordinary language argue that philosophical meaning can be adequately expressed in everyday terms. B. What if the recipient of the intended information himself expects its language to stumble, flummox, confuse and confound him? C. But what if the ordinary view of the world which is embedded in ordinary language is what one wants to avoid and wants to correct? D. Since a considerable amount of that terminology is the product of dualism, the question arises as to whether this language can be used effectively to convey the different perspective of naturalism. E. In discussing naturalism, it is natural and, to a large extent, unavoidable to rely on the familiar terminology of philosophical tradition to explain it. 1. EDACB 2. EDABC 3. ECBAD 4. AEDCB DIRECTIONS    for questions 55 to 57: Five friends Eashan, Dev, Arun, Chaitali and Kiran went for a movie. Ticket cost is Rs. 200/person. They booked the seats in the k  th  row numbered 1 to 5. A. Chaitali gave the least payment (Rs. 0) for tickets. B. Dev and Arun paid 50% of the value of all the tickets purchased. C. Eashan paid Rs. 200 more than Kiran. D. Dev paid Rs. 100 more than Eashan. E. The person who paid lowest will be seated on K3 and the person who paid highest will be seated on either K1 or K5. F. Dev and Eashan will sit beside each other. 55.  If Arun sits on K2, then who will be seated on K4? 1. Dev 2. Eashan 3. Karan 4. None of these 56.  In the interval the person who has paid least for tickets will bear the maximum amount equivalent to the person who spend maximum for tickets for the snacks and the snack costs is Rs. 150 per person. Also the top two highest payers for tickets will pay nothing for snacks and the rest of the amount will  be distribute in others equally then who pays the least for the ticket and snacks? 1. Karan 2. Arun 3. Eashan 4. Chaitali 57.  In the interval the person who has paid least for tickets will bear the maximum amount equivalent to the person who spend maximum for tickets for the snacks and the snack costs is Rs. 150 per person. Also the top two highest payers for tickets will pay nothing for snacks and the rest of the amount will  be distribute in others equally. After interval overall least payer occupies the K3 seat and overall highest payer occupies K1 or K4, then who sits on K5? 1. Eashan 2. Karan 3. Dev 4. Cannot be determined DIRECTIONS  for questions 58 and 59:  In each question, a sentence is divided into FIVE segments labelled  A to E. Find the sentence/s which is/are not correct in grammar and usage. Then choose the correct corresponding option. 58. A. A combination of developments in linguistic theory together with the (uneven) impact of the democratic and egalitarian temper of our times have   encouraged B. a much lesser prescriptive view of language use, which now tends to be seen as an ever changing and plural set of communicative practices. C. For some time now, it has been customary to label those who write about grammar and usage as either prescriptivists or descriptivists.    ulls Eye D. The former think there are “right” and “wrong” ways to say or write, E. while the later claim that we can only record how people actually use language, since any widespread successful usage is, ipso facto, “right.” 1. B and C 2. A and C 3. A, B and E 4. D and E 59. A. To curb inflation and to continue to grow at 9% requires great skill and wisdom on part of the economic planners of the nation. B. At the annual World Economic Forum, there were hoard of issues that needed to be discussed but the above two were central to the discussion. C. The ‘Brainstorming session’ at the forum is a vigorous debate in which the various participants and economic advisors provide their viewpoints on the various issues. D. It is during such sessions that economists often search for the next protégé, the one young economist who can provide brilliant solutions for problems at hand. E. And they are often disappointed by the banal and trivial solutions offered by those whom they assume would take up the mantle of serious economical thought. 1. A, B and C 2. B, C and D 3. A, D and E 4. All of the above DIRECTIONS  for question 60:    Each sentence has some blanks with four answer choices. Pick the best option which completes the sentence in the most meaningful manner.   60.  There cannot remain any suspicion, that abstruse philosophy is uncertain and ________ ; unless we should entertain such scepticism as is entirely subversive of all speculation, and even action, it cannot  be doubted that mind with its several powers and faculties can see the_________. 1. chimerical, veracity 2. explicit, delusions 3. specious, temerity 4. plausible, verisimilitude DIRECTIONS  for question 61:  In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate. 61. CARRY 1. The Black Plague in the Middle Ages carried off more than one-fourth of the population of Europe. 2. He does not carry through his business ethics into his personal relationships. 3. The spectators were carried away by the appeal to their patriotism. 4. Rescue operations were carried on in spite of the storm. DIRECTIONS  for question 62:  3 out of the following 4 sentences form a coherent paragraph. Identify the sentence that is placed out of context. 62. A. But mathematics matters even more. And if a party can find the right dosage of chemistry mixed with mathematics, it could go galloping towards victory. B. While no forecast is ever accurate, one can now safely assume that the manner in which the BJP is stitching up alliances with small parties is ensuring that it remains in pole position in this electoral race. C. Chemistry matters a lot during elections. D. Even if you discount the hype, there is little doubt that the BJP in tandem with the two smaller allies could cross the 30 percent vote share threshold in a three-cornered contest in Bihar. 1. Statement A 2. Statement B 3. Statement C 4. Statement D    ulls Eye DIRECTIONS    for questions 63 to 65: A standard deck of playing cards is taken. These cards are arranged in 3 piles such that: 1. Pile number 1 has three times as many black cards as red cards. 2. Pile number 2 has three times as many red cards as black cards. 3. Pile number 3 has twice as many black cards as red cards. 63.  What is the ratio of black cards in the 1 st  and the 2 nd    pile? 1. 1 : 2 2. 1 : 3 3. 9 : 2 4. 2 : 1 64.  What is the ratio of red cards in the 1 st  pile to the red cards in the 3 rd    pile? 1. 1 :1 2. 1 :2 3. 3 : 4 4. 2 : 3 65.  What is the maximum number of cards of any colour that are present in a single pile? 1. 12 2. 16 3. 18 4. None of these DIRECTIONS  for question 66 to 68:    Read the following passage and answer the question followed by it. Passage 1   Whatever forces may govern human life, if they are to be recognized by man, must betray them in human experience. There is unfortunately no school of modern philosophy to which a critique of human progress can well be attached. Progress in science or religion, no less than in morals and art, is a dramatic episode in man's career, a welcome variation in his habit and state of mind; although this variation may often regard or  propitiate things external, adjustment to which may be important for his welfare. The importance of these external things, as well as their existence, he can establish only by the function and utility which recognition of them may have in his life. What themes would prevail in such an examination of heart? A philosopher could hardly have a higher ambition than to make himself a mouth-piece for the memory and  judgment of his race. Yet the most casual consideration of affairs already involves an attempt to do the same thing. Reflection is pregnant from the beginning with all the principles of synthesis and valuation needed in the most comprehensive criticism. So soon as man ceases to be wholly immersed in sense, he looks before and after, he regrets and desires; and the moments in which prospect or retrospect takes place constitute the reflective or representative part of his life, in contrast to the unmitigated flux of sensations in which nothing ulterior is regarded. Representation, however, can hardly remain idle and merely speculative. To the ideal function of envisaging the absent, memory and reflection will add the practical function of modifying the future. Vital impulse, however, when it is modified by reflection and veers in sympathy with judgments  pronounced on the past, is properly called reason. Man's rational life consists in those moments in which reflection not only occurs but proves efficacious. What is absent then works in the present, and values are imputed where they cannot be felt. Such representation is so far from being merely speculative that its  presence alone can raise bodily change to the dignity of action. The limits of reflection mark those of concerted and rational action; they circumscribe the field of cumulative experience, or, what is the same thing, of profitable living. Thus if we use that life of reason in operations, then Life of Reason will then be a name for that part of experience which perceives and pursues ideals--all conduct so controlled and all sense so interpreted as to perfect natural happiness. Without reason, as without memory, there might still be pleasures and pains in existence. To increase those pleasures and reduce those pains would be to introduce an improvement into the sentient world, as if a devil suddenly died in hell or in heaven a new angel were created. In human progress, therefore, reason is not a casual instrument, having its sole value in its service to sense; such a betterment in sentience would not be progress unless it were a progress in reason, and the increasing  pleasure revealed some object that could please; for without a picture of the situation from which a heightened vitality might flow, the improvement could be neither remembered nor measured nor desired. To recount
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