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Joint Feasibility Study on a China-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement July 01, 2014 Table of Contents 1 Review ........................................................................................................................ 1 1.1 Background and Objective of the Study ....................................................................... 1 1.1.1 Background ............................................................................................................. 1 1.1.2 Objectives of
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    Joint Feasibility Study on a China-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement July 01, 2014  1 Table of Contents 1   Review ........................................................................................................................ 1   1.1   Background and Objective of the Study ....................................................................... 1   1.1.1   Background ............................................................................................................. 1   1.1.2   Objectives of the Study* .......................................................................................... 2   1.2   The Scope and Structure of the Study ......................................................................... 2   1.2.1   The Scope of the Study ........................................................................................... 2   1.2.2   The Structure of the Study ....................................................................................... 2   2   Overview of the Chinese and Sri Lanka Economies and Foreign Economic Policies ....................................................................................................................... 4   2.1   Chinese Economy and Foreign Economic Policy ......................................................... 4   2.1.1   Chinese Economy ................................................................................................... 4   2.1.2   Chinese Foreign Economic Policy ........................................................................... 7   2.1.3   China‘s FTA Practice  ............................................................................................... 9   2.2   Sri Lanka Economy and Foreign Economic Policy ..................................................... 13   2.2.1   Sri Lanka Economy ............................................................................................... 13   2.2.2   Trade performance ................................................................................................ 16   2.2.3   Macro Economic Growth Targets .......................................................................... 19   2.2.4   Sri Lanka‘s Foreign Economic Policy  ..................................................................... 20   2.2.5   Sri Lanka FTA Practice .......................................................................................... 21   3   Bilateral Trade and Economic Relations between China and Sri Lanka .............. 25   3.1   Overview of Bilateral Trade and Economic Relations ................................................. 25   3.2   Two-way Trade in Goods ........................................................................................... 25   3.2.1   Imports by Sri Lanka from China ........................................................................... 26   3.2.2   Sri Lanka‘s Exports to China  ................................................................................. 34   3.3   Two-way Trade in Services ........................................................................................ 37   3.4   Two-way Investment .................................................................................................. 37   3.5   Bilateral Economic Cooperation ................................................................................. 39   3.5.1   Economic Cooperation and Development .............................................................. 39   3.5.2   Tourism Cooperation ............................................................................................. 48   3.5.3   Cooperation in Other Fields ................................................................................... 49   3.6   Existing Legal and Institutional Framework of Bilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation ............................................................................................................... 50   3.6.1   Legal and Institutional Framework of Bilateral Economic Cooperation ................... 50   3.6.2   Legal and Institutional Framework of Bilateral Investment ..................................... 51   3.6.3   Legal and Institutional Framework of Intellectual Property ..................................... 52   3.6.4   Legal and Institutional Framework of Tourism ....................................................... 52   3.6.5   Other Legal and Institutional Frameworks ............................................................. 53   4   Trade in Goods ......................................................................................................... 54   4.1   Overview of Trade Policies Applying to Trade in Goods ............................................. 54    2 4.1.1   Tariffs .................................................................................................................... 54   4.1.2   Trade Policies of Non-tariff Measures .................................................................... 59   4.2   Other Trade Policies Affecting Trade in Goods .......................................................... 60   4.2.1   Rules of Origin ....................................................................................................... 60   4.2.2   Customs Procedures and Trade Facilitation .......................................................... 64   4.2.3   SPS and TBT ........................................................................................................ 68   4.2.4   Trade Disciplines/Trade Remedies ........................................................................ 75   4.3   Trade in Specific Sectors ........................................................................................... 78   4.3.1   Tea ........................................................................................................................ 78   4.3.2   Fish and Fisheries Products .................................................................................. 85   4.3.3   Machinery and Electronics ..................................................................................... 95   4.3.4   Textile and Clothing ............................................................................................. 101   4.3.5   Rubber Products ................................................................................................. 115   4.3.6   Coconut Products ................................................................................................ 124   4.3.7   Gems and Jewellery ............................................................................................ 130   4.3.8   Fruits and Vegetable Products ............................................................................ 137   5   Trade in Services ................................................................................................... 146   5.1   Overview of Trade Policies Applying to Trade in Services ........................................ 146   5.1.1   Overview of Services Sectors .............................................................................. 146   5.1.2   Trade Policies Affecting Trade in Services .......................................................... 147   5.2   Trends in Service Sectors ........................................................................................ 149   6   Investments ............................................................................................................ 159   6.1   Investment Policies of China and Sri Lanka ............................................................. 159   6.2   Investment in Specific Fields .................................................................................... 163   6.2.1   Machinery ............................................................................................................ 163   6.2.2   Pharmaceuticals .................................................................................................. 165   6.2.3   Motor Spare Parts ............................................................................................... 166   6.2.4   Others ................................................................................................................. 167   6.2.5   Tourism & Leisure ............................................................................................... 168   6.2.6   Higher Education / Skills Development ................................................................ 169   6.2.7   Health .................................................................................................................. 169   6.2.8    Alternative Energy ............................................................................................... 170   6.2.9   Mineral based industries ...................................................................................... 170   6.3   FTA Impact to Direct Investments ............................................................................ 171   6.3.1   Potential Impact of China- Sri Lanka FTA on FDI to Sri Lanka ............................ 173   7   Strengthening Bilateral Economic Cooperation in Key Areas ............................ 174   7.1   E-commerce ............................................................................................................ 174   7.2   Small and Medium Enterprises ................................................................................ 176   7.3   Trade and Investment Promotion ............................................................................. 178   7.3.1   Trade promotion .................................................................................................. 178   7.3.2   Investment promotion .......................................................................................... 179    3 7.3.3   Transparency ...................................................................................................... 180   7.4   Industry Cooperation ................................................................................................ 181   7.5   Cooperation in the Development of Pilot Zone ......................................................... 182   7.6   Other Related Areas of Cooperation ........................................................................ 183   8   General and Institutional Provisions, Dispute Settlement .................................. 184   8.1   General Provisions ................................................................................................... 184   8.2   Joint Committee ....................................................................................................... 184   8.3   Consultations ........................................................................................................... 184   8.4   Contact Points.......................................................................................................... 184   8.5   Dispute Settlement ................................................................................................... 185   9   Conclusions and Recommendations.................................................................... 186   9.1   General Conclusions ................................................................................................ 186   9.2   Sector Specific Conclusions ..................................................................................... 186   9.2.1   Trade in Goods .................................................................................................... 186   9.2.2   Trade in Services ................................................................................................ 187   9.2.3   Cooperation in Other fields .................................................................................. 187   9.2.4   Investment ........................................................................................................... 187   9.3   Recommendations ................................................................................................... 187   Annex I Partial Equilibrium Method ................................................................................ 188  

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