Slides

237991618 sap-hana-master-guide

Description
1. SAP HANA Master Guide ■ SAP HANA Appliance Software SPS 03 2011-10-24 2. © 2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign,…
Categories
Published
of 48
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  • 1. SAP HANA Master Guide ■ SAP HANA Appliance Software SPS 03 2011-10-24
  • 2. © 2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign, SAP BusinessObjects Explorer, StreamWork, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as Copyright well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and other countries.Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports, Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, and other Business Objects products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Business Objects Software Ltd. Business Objects is an SAP company.Sybase and Adaptive Server, iAnywhere, Sybase 365, SQL Anywhere, and other Sybase products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sybase, Inc. Sybase is an SAP company. All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National product specifications may vary.These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated companies ("SAP Group") for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. 2011-10-24
  • 3. Contents Chapter 1 Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA)........................................5 1.1 About this Document...............................................................................................................5 1.2 SAP HANA Guides..................................................................................................................5 1.3 Related Information..................................................................................................................6 1.4 Important SAP Notes...............................................................................................................7 1.5 Software Download..................................................................................................................8 1.6 Software Components.............................................................................................................9 1.7 Hardware and Software Requirements...................................................................................10 1.8 What is SAP HANA?..............................................................................................................11 1.9 Technical System Landscape.................................................................................................12 Chapter 2 SAP HANA Replication Technologies...................................................................................15 2.1 Introduction............................................................................................................................15 2.2 Trigger-Based Replication......................................................................................................17 2.3 ETL-Based Replication...........................................................................................................18 2.4 Log-Based Replication...........................................................................................................21 2.5 Comparison of Replication Methods......................................................................................23 Chapter 3 SAP HANA End-To-End Roadmap.........................................................................................27 3.1 Sizing SAP HANA..................................................................................................................27 3.2 Installing SAP HANA..............................................................................................................27 3.3 Integrating SAP HANA into Customer Landscapes................................................................27 3.4 SAP HANA Data Management...............................................................................................28 3.4.1 Configuring Data Replication..................................................................................................29 3.4.2 Modeling Data.......................................................................................................................29 3.4.3 Modeling and Data Provisioning for ETL-Based Replication (SAP BusinessObjects Data Services)................................................................................................................................29 3.5 Configuring End-User Clients.................................................................................................30 3.5.1 Installing and Using the SAP HANA ODBO Client for MS EXCEL..........................................30 3.5.2 Installing and Using the SAP HANA ODBC Client for MS EXCEL..........................................35 3.5.3 Using MS Excel to Create a Pivot Table.................................................................................46 3.5.4 Using SAP BusinessObjects BI Clients for SAP HANA .........................................................46 3 2011-10-24
  • 4. Contents 3.6 Administrating SAP HANA.....................................................................................................48 3.7 Using SAP HANA with End-User Clients................................................................................48 4 2011-10-24
  • 5. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 1.1 About this Document This Master Guide is the central starting point for the technical implementation of SAP HANA. The Master Guide provides the following information about SAP HANA: • Overview • Architecture • Software components • Deployment scenarios 1.2 SAP HANA Guides For more information about SAP HANA landscape, security, installation, and administration, see the resources listed below: Topic Location Quick Link https://service.sap.com/hana: • SAP HANA Master Guide • SAP HANA Installation Guide • SAP HANA Information Composer – Installa-tion and Configuration Guide SAP HANA Knowledge Center on SAP Service Marketplace SAP HANA landscape, deployment, and instal-lation http://help.sap.com/hana_appliance: • SAP HANA Technical Operations Manual • SAP HANA Security Guide • SAP HANA Automated Update Guide SAP HANA Knowledge Center on SAP Help Portal SAP HANA administra-tion and security 5 2011-10-24
  • 6. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 1.3 Related Information For more information about planning your deployment, see the following: Content Location https://service.sap.com/hana* http://help.sap.com/hana_appliance Latest documentation for SAP HANA Sybase product documentation http://sybooks.sybase.com/nav/base.do Latest versions of SAP installation and upgrade guides https://service.sap.com/instguides Sizing, calculation of hardware requirements, such as https://service.sap.com/sizing CPU, disk, and memory resources SAP BusinessObjects installation and deployment https://service.sap.com/bosap-instguides guides SAP BusinessObjects support https://service.sap.com/bosap-support https://service.sap.com/quicksizer Sizing, calculation of hardware requirements - such as CPU, disk and memory resources - with the QuickSizer tool https://service.sap.com/pam Released platforms and technology-related topics such as maintenance strategies and language support – Platform Availability Matrix (PAM) Network security https://service.sap.com/securityguide High availability https://service.sap.com/ha Performance https://service.sap.com/performance Security https://service.sap.com/security 6 2011-10-24
  • 7. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) Content Location Unicode SAP systems and their availability https://service.sap.com/unicode Information about Support Package Stacks, latest https://service.sap.com/sp-stacks software versions and patch level requirements (*) You need an authorized user ID to access this information. Do you need to register for an SAP Service Marketplace login? Did you forget your password? The following table lists further useful links on SAP Service Marketplace: Content Location on SAP Service Marketplace SAP message wizard https://service.sap.com/message SAP Notes search https://service.sap.com/notes SAP Software Distribution Center – software download https://service.sap.com/swdc and ordering of software SAPOnline Knowledge Products (OKPs) – role-specific https://service.sap.com/rkt learning maps 1.4 Important SAP Notes You must read the following SAP Notes before you start the installation. These SAP Notes contain the latest information about the installation, as well as corrections to the installation documentation. Make sure that you have the most up-to-date version of each SAP Note, which you can find on SAP Service Marketplace at https://service.sap.com/notes. 7 2011-10-24
  • 8. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) SAP Note Number Title 1514967 SAP HANA: Central Note 1523337 SAP HANA Database: Central Note 1597355 Swap-space recommendation for Linux Check the current SAP notes for the various parts of SAP HANA by searching for any of the following CSS/CSN components: SAP HANA • BC-HAN SAP High-Performance Analytic Appliance • BC-HAN-LOA Load Controler • BC-HAN-MOD SAP High-Performance Analytic Appliance Modeler • BC-HAN-REP Replication Server • BC-HAN-UPD HANA update tool • BC-INS-NGPSAP HANA unified installer (lmtp) SAP HANA Database • BC-DB-HDB HDB • BC-DB-HDB-DBA Database Administration for HDB • BC-DB-HDB-ENG SAP In-Memory Computing Engine • BC-DB-HDB-INS Installation HDB • BC-DB-HDB-MDX MDX Engine/Excel Client • BC-DB-HDB-PER Database Persistence for HDB • BC-DB-HDB-SYS Database Interface/DBMS for HDB • BC-DB-HDB-UPG Upgrade HDB CSS/CSN search also supports * (asterisk) search, so you can, for example, also search for BC-DB-HDB* or similar and you will get results for all sub-components. 1.5 Software Download The components of SAP HANA can only be installed by certified hardware partners on validated hardware running a specific operating system. Any other system or content developed with such systems is not supported by SAP. For more information, see the information page of the product version. Support Package Stacks (SPS) can be downloaded and applied to appliances according to agreements with the respective hardware partner. 8 2011-10-24
  • 9. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 1.6 Software Components SAP HANA appliance software is available in different editions: • SAP HANA appliance software platform edition • SAP HANA appliance software enterprise edition • SAP HANA appliance software enterprise extended edition The SAP HANA appliance software platform edition is intended for customers who want to use the ETL-Based Replication and already have a license for SAP BusinessObjects Data Services. It comprises the following components: • SAP HANA database • SAP HANA studio • SAP HANA client • SAP Host Agent 7.20 • SAP HANA information composer The SAP HANA appliance software enterprise edition is intended for customers who want to use either Trigger-Based Replication or ETL-Based Replication and do not already have all necessary licenses for SAP BusinessObjects Data Services. It comprises the following components: • SAP HANA database • SAP HANA studio • SAP HANA client • SAP Host Agent 7.20 9 2011-10-24
  • 10. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) • SAP HANA information composer • LT Replication AddOn • LT Replication Server • SAP BusinessObjects Data Services 4.0 The SAP HANA appliance software enterprise extended edition is intended for customers who want to use the full potential of all available replication scenarios including the Log-Based Replication. It comprises the following components: • SAP HANA database • SAP HANA studio • SAP HANA client • SAP Host Agent 7.20 • SAP HANA information composer • LT Replication AddOn • LT Replication Server • SAP BusinessObjects Data Services 4.0 • Sybase Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) 15.5 • Sybase Replication Server 15 (incl. ECDA) • Sybase Replication Server Agent 15 • SAP HANA load controller Note: • The Software Update Manager (SUM) for SAP HANA is installed by the SAP HANA unified installer together with other SAP HANA components. For a list of components, see SAP HANA Installation Guide, section "Installed SAP HANA Components and Directories". The Software Update Manager (SUM) for SAP HANA is part of the Software Logistics Toolset (SL Toolset). • SAP HANA information composer is a Web-based environment which allows business users to upload data to the SAP HANA database and to manipulate that data by creating Information Views. The SAP HANA information composer is installed separately from the SAP HANA system. For more information, see SAP HANA Information Composer – Installation and Configuration Guide. 1.7 Hardware and Software Requirements Note: You can find the complete list of all SAP HANA components and the respective SAP HANA hardware and software requirements in the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) on SAP Service Marketplace at https://service.sap.com/pam. 10 2011-10-24
  • 11. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) Software Requirements Operating System for SAP HANA SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 11 SP1 – see SAP Note 1310037 for information about installing SLES 11 SP1 in an SAP environment Note: Only the software installed by your hardware partners is recommended on the SAP HANA box. Do not install additional software on the SAP HANA box. Hardware Requirements Hardware Requirements for SAP HANA Network Connection SAP recommends a dedicated server network communication of 10 GBit/s between the SAP HANA landscape and the source system for efficient data replication. 1.8 What is SAP HANA? • SAP HANA • SAP HANA is a flexible, data-source-agnostic appliance that enables customers to analyze large volumes of SAP ERP data in real-time, avoiding the need to materialize transformations. • SAP HANA is a hardware and software combination that integrates a number of SAP components including the SAP HANA database, Sybase Replication technology and SAP LT (Landscape Transformation) Replicator. • SAP HANA is delivered as an optimized appliance in conjunction with leading SAP hardware partners. • SAP HANA database • The SAP HANA database is a hybrid in-memory database that combines row-based, column-based, and object-based database technology. It is optimized to exploit the parallel processing capabilities of modern multi-core/CPU architectures. With this architecture, SAP applications can benefit from current hardware technologies. • The SAP HANA database is the heart of SAP’s in-memory technology offering, helping customers to improve their operational efficiency, agility, and flexibility. 11 2011-10-24
  • 12. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 1.9 Technical System Landscape The figure below shows an overview of the technical system landscape for the SAP HANA appliance software and its related components, such as the SAP HANA studio and other applications, one of which is the SAP HANA Information Composer. Note that the figure below shows a sample configuration with three SAP HANA appliances and three SAP HANA databases. The figure also shows some optional components that must be purchased separately. 12 2011-10-24
  • 13. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 13 2011-10-24
  • 14. Getting Started with SAP HANA Appliance Software (SAP HANA) 14 2011-10-24
  • 15. SAP HANA Replication Technologies SAP HANA Replication Technologies 2.1 Introduction In-memory reporting and analyzing of business data requires the replication of the data from a source system to the SAP HANA database. This section provides an overview of the possible replication methods that are available for the SAP HANA appliance. It also describes the application fields and lists the main components required for each method. The figure above focuses on the task of loading business data from an SAP ERP system to the SAP HANA database. The methods for performing data replication are shown in the figure below. The main components involved in all replication scenarios are: • SAP HANA appliance, consisting of the SAP HANA database and SAP HANA studio, which is used to administer the appliance. User interfaces, such as SAP BusinessObjects Dashboards or Web Intelligence, are not part of the appliance software. 15 2011-10-24
  • 16. SAP HANA Replication Technologies • Source system, such as SAP ERP • Software components supporting the data replication The software components that support different methods of data replication are described in the following replication scenarios. The figure above gives an overview of the alternative methods for data replication from a source system to the SAP HANA database. Each method handles the required data replication differently, and consequently each method has different strengths. It depends on your specific application field and the existing system landscape as to which of the methods best serves your needs. • Trigger-Based Replication Trigger-Based Data Replication Using SAP Landscape Transformation (LT) Replication Server is based on capturing database changes at a high level of abstraction in the source ERP system. This method of replication benefits from being database-independent, and can also parallelize database changes on multiple tables or by segmenting large table changes. • ETL-Based Replication Extraction-Transformation-Load (ETL) Based Data Replication uses SAP BusinessObjects Data Services to specify and load the relevant business data in defined periods of time from an ERP system into the SAP HANA database. You can reuse the ERP application logic by reading extractors or utilizing SAP function modules. In addition, the ETL-based method offers options for the integration of third-party data providers. • Log-Based Replication Transaction Log-Based Data Replication Using Sybase Replication is based on capturing table changes from low-level database log files. This method is database-dependent. 16 2011-10-24
  • 17. SAP HANA Replication Technologies Database changes are propagated on a per database transaction basis, and they are then replayed on the SAP HANA database. This means consistency is maintained, but at the cost of not being able to use parallelization to propagate changes. For more information about supported databases, see the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) on SAP Service Marketplace https://service.sap.com/pam and search for SAP HANA. 2.2 Trigger-Based Replication The Trigger-Based Replication method uses the SAP Landscape Transformation (LT) Replication Server component to pass data from the source system to the SAP HANA database target system. Initial Load and Simultaneous Delta Replication The initial load of business data is initiated using the SAP HANA studio. The initial load message is sent from the SAP HANA system to the SLT system (based on SAP NetWeaver 7.02 with kernel 7.20 EXT), which in turn passes the initialization message to the ERP system. The ERP system begins by setting up database transaction log tables for each table to be replicated. After the transaction tables ar
  • IS_15293_2003

    Jul 23, 2017
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks