5 Ecce Grammar

5 Ecce Grammar
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  Ecce Romani ch. 5 Grammar (MLR Stand. D: P.I. D1-4) I. English Concepts A. Infinitives 1. An infinitive is a form of the verb translated with “ to  . . .” 2. Examples of infinitives are to sleep , to watch , to snore , to be , etc. B. Complementary infinitives 1. Infinitives are often found with such main verbs as wish, want, do not want, fears, is able to, and prepares. 2. These verbs often have their meaning completed with an infinitive e.g. Lesssslie Reed wants to be  a Latin teacher like her hero! Com. Inf Matt Dettori and Jared Lussier secretly yearn to tell Mr. Fortier that he has lost the game. Christina Metzler is able to give  numerous bad singing, marks to Fortier The quiet Athiay Manyiel and Allison Osgood aspire to conquer  the world, or at least B117. Sammy Clark, Eric Hall Kelsey Dumond, the vexatious ones, simply want to talk   all the time. Jordan Balsamo and Daniel Fortier hope to understand one Latin concept before the end of the year. 3. In all of these sentences, the infinitive completes the meaning of the main verb. When infinitives are used with another verb, they are called “ complementary infinitives .” 4. You should also notice that the main verb precedes the complementary infinitive. Eg.“I want to eat  lobstah!” main verb com. Inf  . I. Latin Concepts A. Infinitives 1. In Latin we have infinitives and they belong to one of four conjugations or verb families. 2. We can tell which conjugation an infinitive belongs to by looking at the last three letters. 1st conj.  am are  / habit are   -are   2nd conj  terr  ! re  / tim ! re   - ! re   3rd conj.  descend ere  / ascend ere   -ere   4th conj . aud ire   -ire    3. This is similar to the three groups of French verbs: -er verbs (parler), -ir verbs (finir), and -re verbs (vendre). We also see this with Spanish verbs (-ar, -er, and -ir verbs). 4. The infinitive is also the second principal part of a Latin verb (a Latin verb generally has 4 principal parts - see pages 271 and 289.) B. Complementary infinitives (see outline pages 3 and 4) ) 1. In Latin, we also have main verbs like: want / wish volo (I want, wish) not want nolo (I don’t want, wish) fear timeo (I fear) able / can possum (I am able)  prepare paro (I prepare) 2. As in English, Latin infinitives can also complete the meanings of these verbs. Clam are  volo . Arborem descend ere  nolo. In hort  curr  ere  timeo . In vill #  labor  are  possum . Prope rivum err  are  paro. 3. As in English, these infinitives are called complementary infinitives.” “Well, thank you. I think you look sharp also.” 4. However, whereas in English the infinitives follow the main verbs, you will notice that in Latin the main verbs frequently follow the infinitives. However, when you translate Latin sentences into English, please translate them into normal English. Otherwise, you run the risk of sounding like a Cro-Magnon or Neanderthal. Or even worse, you could sound like a New York Yankee or a Los Angeles Laker!!! (No one wants to sound that bad!) e.g. I want to shout. Clam are  volo. Com. Inf. Main verb e.g. I am able to walk. Ambul are  possum. Com. Inf. Main verb 5. Folks, we have completed the grammar for chapter Perhaps, in the next few years, there will be additional X- Men and Transformer sequels, or  perhaps sequels to Numa- Numa, the skating treadmillers or Napoleon Dynamite (hope not!!! Worst movie ever!!!)
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