Graphics & Design

A New Bayesian Chronology For Postclassic and Colonial Occupation at Xaltocan, Mexico

Description
This article proposes a new four-phase chronology for Postclassic and colonial occupation at Xaltocan, Mexico, using Bayesian statistical modeling of a suite of 54 radiometric dates. Of these, 46 samples come from recent extensive excavations of
Published
of 16
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  A NEW BAYESIAN CHRONOLOGY FOR POSTCLASSIC AND COLONIAL OCCUPA-TION AT XALTOCAN, MEXICO !"#$ &'()*+,-.()  /(0$)-1(2- +3 42-*)+0+,+567 8"9*"-$ :-$-( ;2"'()#"-67 <=>? @$")1+A2- :-B7 8"9*"-$7 C: DEFDG7 ;:4B H1$",I ,"#$B+'()*+,-.()JK"9*"-$B(LAB ABSTRACT. M*"# $)-"9,( 0)+0+#(# $ 2(K 3+A)N0*$#( 9*)+2+,+56 3+) O+#-9,$##"9 $2L 9+,+2"$, +99A0$-"+2 $- P$,-+9$27 Q(RN"9+7 A#"25 S$6(#"$2 #-$-"#-"9$, 1+L(,"25 +3 $ #A"-( +3 ?> )$L"+1(-)"9 L$-(#B &3 -*(#(7 >D #$10,(# 9+1( 3)+1 )(9(2- (R-(2#"'(                $ 1+)( $99A)$-( 9*)+2+,+56B M*( -"1"25 +3 -*( $L+0-"+2 +3 1$T+) 9()$1"9 K$)(# $- -*( #"-( $2L "2-)$#"-( ,('(, "# +A-,"2(L $2L 9+2-(R-A$,".(L K"-*"2 U)+$L7 )(5"+2$, 0*$#(#B M*(#( )(#A,-# $)( 0$)-"9A,$),6 '$,A$U,( 5"'(2 )(9(2- )(#($)9* -*$- )(0AL"$-(#                   $1+A2- +3 9*)+2+,+5"9$, +'(),$0 $2L )(5"+2$, '$)"$-"+2 "2 -*( A#( +3 L"#-"29- 9()$1"9 -60(#B !"#$%&'(#!%" /(#0"-( -*( '$#- $2L L(-$",(L V2+K,(L5( $'$",$U,( 3+) -*( O+#-9,$##"9 0()"+L "2 -*( S$#"2 +3 Q(R"9+7                                        N+-,$-(,9+ $2L 4.-(9 W 9()$1"9 K$)(#7 X8( $)( #-",, $ ,+25 K$6 3)+1 A2L()#-$2L"25 -*( #0$-"$,N-(10+N)$, L"#-)"UA-"+2 +3 Y-*(#( -60(#Z "2 9(2-)$, Q(R"9+7 1A9* ,(## -*( #+9"+0+,"-"9$, $2L #+9"+(9+2+1"9 "10,"9$-"+2# +3 -*"# L"#-)"UA-"+2B[ M*"# 1($5() 5)$#0 "# 0$)-"$,,6 LA( -+ -*( $00$)(2- 9+10,(R"-6 +3 -*(#( L"#-)"UA-"+2#7 $# K(,, $# -*( #1$,, 2A1U() +3 (R"#-"25 )$L"+9$)U+2 L(-()1"2$-"+2# $2L $ ,$9V                 N-+9$27 9$0"-$, +3 -*( 0)(N4.-(9 &-+1\ 9"-6N#-$-(7 $2L #AU#(]A(2-,6 #AUT(9- -+ -*( #A99(##"'( 4.-(9 $2L :0$2"#* 9+,+2"$, (10")(#B 8"-* +'() FG 6($)# +3 $)9*$(+,+5"9$, )(#($)9* $- P$,-+9$27 -*( #"-( 9*)+2+,+56 "# U(--() A2L()#-++L -*$2 1+#-7 $2L 6(- -*( (R"#-"25 9*)+2+,+5"9$, 3)$1(K+)V )(,"(# +2 <G <>                                           N+)$-"+2 +3 $2 "10)+'(L 9*)+2+,+56B M*"# $)-"9,( A#(# S$6(#"$2 #-$-"#-"9$, 1+L(,"25 +3 $ #A"-( +3 >? 2(K )$L"+1(-)"9 L$-(# 3)+1 -*(#( (R9$'$-"+2#7 $# K(,, $# 2"2( 0)('"+A#,6 )(0+)-(L )$L"+1(-)"9 L$-(# 3)+1 -(#- 0"- (R9$'$-"+2#7 -+ 0)+0+#( $ 2(K 9*)+2+,+56 3+) -*( #"-(B )*+,-./++0- /23 (*.*20/. (45/60- (75*2*.*804+ 02 (42,5/. 94:0-* /23 ;/.,*-/2                                                N,A-"+2$)6 -)$T(9-+)6 U(-K((2 -60(# K"-* -*( (R9(0-"+2 +3 #+1( 9+,+2"$, 4.-(9 W^ 1+-"3# -*$- #*+K(L                  9(2-)$, Q(R"9$2 )(5"+2# $##+9"$-(L K"-* -*( 4.-(9 H10")( $# $ )(#A,- +3 1$T+) )(5"+2$, #A)'(6 $2L                                                                             -*( #+A-*()2 S$#"27 K"-* -*( 2+)-*()2 S$#"2 "#,$2L +3 P$,-+9$2 #-$2L"25 +A- $# $ 1$)V(L (R9(0-"+27 !"#$%&"'(%)           /&WI <GBF>?=_?DB<E?G> ` FG<> U6 -*( 4)".+2$ S+$)L +3 a(5(2-# +2 U(*$,3 +3 -*( ;2"'()#"-6 +3 4)".+2$    <GE=  ! #$%&'()*+%&  K*",( 4.-(9 WW 9()$1"9# K()( 0+0A,$) "2 -*( 2+)-*()2 S$#"2B W2 #-)$-"5)$0*"9 (R9$'$-"+2# $- #"-(#                                  4.-(9 WW K$# $L+0-(L7 #A55(#-"25 #+1( L(5)(( +3 -(10+)$, '$)"$-"+2B 4.-(9 WWW 9()$1"9# K()( 9+2N                              A2-", $00)+R"1$-(,6 4/ <D?G7 $2L 4.-(9 WWW 0+--()6 9+2-"2A(L -+ U( 0)+LA9(L "2 -*( 9+,+2"$, 0()"+L $,+25#"L( 4.-(9 W^ 0+--()6B Q+)( )(9(2- S$#"2 +3 Q(R"9+ 9*)+2+,+5"(# *$'( )(0,$9(L $ 1+L(, +3 A2","2($) 9*$25( K"-* $ 1+)(              N,+5"9$, +'(),$0 (R"#-# 3+) #('()$, -60(#7 $2L 9*)+2+,+5"9$, +'(),$0 '$)"(# 5(+5)$0*"9$,,6B W2'(#-"N                ($),"()7 U(5"22"25 "2 -*( <G-* 9(2-A)67 $2L -*A# 0$)-"$,,6 9+2-(10+)$2(+A# K"-* -*( +-*() )(5"+2$,                                                                               X+3 $ A2"3+)1 9*)+2+,+5"9$, 3)$1(K+)V 3+) -*( (2-")( U$#"2 LA)"25 -*( O+#-9,$##"9 0()"+LB[ M*"# 9+29,A#"+2 0)(#(2-(L 9*$,,(25(# $2L (R9"-"25 0+-(2-"$, 3+) )(#($)9* (R0,+)"25 #0$-"$, $2L -(10+)$, '$)"$-"+2 "2 9()$1"9 -)$L"-"+2# )(,$-(L -+ O+#-9,$##"9 (-*2"9"-"(# $2L 9"-6N#-$-( 9+23(L()$-"+2#B W- $,#+ L(1+2#-)$-(L -*( 2((L 3+) -*( L('(,+01(2- +3 L(-$",(L ,+9$, 9*)+2+,+5"(# K"-*"2 U)+$L )(5"+2$,           !+9$, 9*)+2+,+5"(# 3+) -*( #"-( +3 P$,-+9$27 ,+9$-(L +2 $ *A1$2N1$L( "#,$2L "2 -*( 2+)-*()2 S$#"2              1A,-"L"1(2#"+2$, #9$,"25 +3 9()$1"9 '$)"$2-#7 $2L <G <>                         +3 +99A0$-"+2 $- -*( #"-(B M*(#( 3+A) 0*$#(# K()( U$#(L +2 -*( 3+,,+K"25 #-)$-"5)$0*"9 #(]A(29( +3 L"$52+#-"9 4.-(9 S,$9VN+2N&)$25( 9()$1"9#I 0A)( 4.-(9 W 9+2-(R-# ,"( A2L()2($-* 1"R(L 4.-(9 W $2L WW L(0+#"-#7 K*"9* ,"( A2L()2($-* 4.-(9 WW 9()$1"9#7 K*"9* "2 -A)2 ,"( U(2($-* 4.-(9 WWW $2L W^    4 <>                                              *$L 3+A) <>                 -*( H$),6 O+#-9,$##"9 0()"+LB Figure 1 Aztec I–IV Black-on-Orange diagnostic ceramic types: a. Aztec I bowl; b. Aztec II plate; c. Aztec III molcajete; and d. Aztec IV molcajete.    !"#$%&"' )*+,',-,.# /,+ 01123"4&,' "4 5"-4,1"'6 7$8&1,                                               O+,69*)+1( $2L #1$,, $1+A2-# +3 )(LK$)(#7 0$)-"9A,$),6 S,$9V +2 a(L7 $2L K"-* S)+K2 W29"#(L K$)(B MK+ <>                                                      <>                        O*$#( > K$# $##+9"$-(L K"-* 4.-(9 WWW $2L W^ S,$9VN+2N&)$25( 0+--()6 $2L )(LK$)(#7 (#0(9"$,,6 S,$9VN+2Na(LB W- *$L +2( <>                                             K$# )(0)(#(2-(L U6 +2,6 -K+ L$-(# $2L O*$#( > U6 $ #"25,( L$-(7 $2L -*()( K$# 2+ 9*)+2+,+5"9$, #(0$)$-"+2 U(-K((2 -*( <>        9<#=%&> Samples and Sample Context              N                                             Figure 2 Map of the Basin of Mexico  <G=G  ! #$%&'()*+%&                 N                              #(2- 3+) )$L"+1(-)"9 $2$,6#"# $2L K*"9* K()( $'$",$U,( 3+) S$6(#"$2 1+L(,"25B @+) -*"# $)-"9,(7 <>  L(-()1"2$-"+2# K()( $'$",$U,( 3)+1 2($),6 $,, -*( (R9$'$-"+2# 9$))"(L +A- $- -*( #"-( -+ L$-(7 $2L              N                   <>                                                                                   N3() "2#"5*- "2-+ -*( -"1"25 +3 -*$- 0$)-"9A,$) 9+2#-)A9-"+27 -*(6 9+A,L 2+- U( $##+9"$-(L K"-* $ #"25,(  0*$#(B M*( )(1$"2"25 L$-(# K()( 9+1U"2(L K"-* -*( <G <>                      NL"R M$U,( :<                                          L$-(# L(1+2#-)$-( U"1+L$, L"#-)"UA-"+2# $2L *$'( -K+ ,"V(,6 L$-( )$25(#b+2( "2 -*( <D-* $2L +2( "2 -*( <E-* 9(2-A)"(#B ;23+)-A2$-(,67 -*( 1$-()"$, 9A,-A)( 0)(#(2- "2 -*( 1"LL(2# L+(# 2+- $,,+K A# -+ (R9,AL( ("-*() L$-( )$25(B               N           -*( 2(K,6 $'$",$U,( <>                           Figure 3 Reconstructed island of Xaltocan, showing excavation units as black squares and radiomet-ric sampling as stars within the squares. Radiometric samples from recent extensive excavations of domestic contexts are denoted by white stars, while those from test pit excavations are shown in gray.  <G=<  !"#$%&"' )*+,',-,.# /,+ 01123"4&,' "4 5"-4,1"'6 7$8&1, $2L 9+,+2"$, 9+2-(R-#B ;23+)-A2$-(,67 (R9$'$-"+2# *$'( A29+'()(L +2,6 -K+ 9+,+2"$,N0()"+L *+A#(# -*$- L")(9-,6 +'(),"( 4.-(9 WWW +99A0$-"+27 $2L "2 -*+#( "2#-$29(#7 -*( 5)+A2L #A)3$9( K$# -*( #$1(B   <>                              9(2-A)"(# $- P$,-+9$2 9$2 U( L"#-"25A"#*(L U6 -*( 0)(#(29( +3 ,$)5( ]A$2-"-"(# +3 4.-(9 W^ 0+--()6B                                                                     -*( $##+9"$-"+2 +3 1"R(L 4.-(9 W $2L WW $2L 0A)( 4.-(9 WW L(0+#"-# K"-* L"#-"29- )(LK$)(# $2L +-*()                                       N                 K"-* 0A)(,6 4.-(9 WW 0+--()67 )(#0(9-"'(,6bK"-* -*( #$1( $##+9"$-(L )(LK$)(# $2L +-*() L(9+)$-(L 9()$1"9#B Q+)(+'()7 -*(#( 9+2-(R-# 0)+LA9(L <>       (R$1"2$-"+2 +3 -*( L$-$ )('($,(L -*$- O*$#( F 9+2-(R-# $,K$6# )(0)(#(2-(L 9+2-"2A+A# +99A0$-"+2                                                                              N"25 +3 *+A#(*+,L ,"3(B M*( $A-*+)# $)5A(L -*$- LA)"25 -*( Q"LL,( O+#-9,$##"97 4.-(9 WWN9+2#A1"25 1"5)$2-#bK*+7 U$#(L +2 UA)"$, 0)$9-"9(# $2L 9()$1"9 9+2#A10-"+2 0$--()2#7 1$6 *$'( 9+1( 3)+1              N                                 O*$#( F K$# X)($,[ "2 -*( #(2#( -*$- "- )(0)(#(2-(L $2 $##(1U,$5( +3 1$-()"$,# A#(L U6 $ #(- +3 0(+0,(                               N'$-"+2# #*+K(L 4.-(9 WW L(0+#"-# +'(),6"25 L(0+#"-# 9+2-$"2"25 1"R(L 4.-(9 W $2L WWB M*"# #A55(#-# -*$- #+1( )(#"L(2-# 1$6 *$'( #-+00(L A#"25 4.-(9 W 0+--()6 U(3+)( -*( $))"'$, +3 4.-(9 WWW K$)(#B @A)-*() )(#($)9*7 "29,AL"25 $LL"-"+2$, (R-(2#"'( (R9$'$-"+2# +3 L+1(#-"9 9+2-(R-#7 "# 2(9(##$)6 -+ L(-()1"2( -*( ,"V(,6 '$)"$U,( -"1"25 +3 -*"# #*"3-B @+) 2+K7 -*"# #-AL6 $9V2+K,(L5(# $2L 1+L(,# -*(  U$#"9 9*)+2+,+56 +3 $ 0*$#( $##+9"$-(L K"-* -*( $))"'$, +3 4.-(9 WW 0+--()67 $2L 9+11(2-# +2 -*( -"1"25 +3 -*( A#( +3 4.-(9 W $2L WW K$)(# "2 -*( -K+ *+A#(*+,L# 3+) K*"9* K( 9A))(2-,6 *$'( L$-$B               P$,-+9$2 '$,"L$-(# -*( 2(K 3+A)N0*$#( 9*)+2+,+56 0)+0+#(L *()(B W2 $,, (R9$'$-"+2# $- -*( #"-(7 $ #"1",$) #-)$-"5)$0*"9 #(]A(29( K$# ('"L(2-I L(0+#"-# 9+2-$"2"25 4.-(9 WWW 9()$1"9# +'(),"( 9+2-(R-#                                                                 
Search
Similar documents
View more...
Tags
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks