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Action Against Hunger. ACF International 2008 Annual Report

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Action Against Hunger ACF International 2008 Annual Report ACF INTERNATIONAL Comprised of five independent, non-profit organizations with headquarters in London, Madrid, Montréal, New York, and Paris,
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Action Against Hunger ACF International 2008 Annual Report ACF INTERNATIONAL Comprised of five independent, non-profit organizations with headquarters in London, Madrid, Montréal, New York, and Paris, ACF International saves the lives of malnourished children while providing families with access to safe water and sustainable solutions to hunger. ACF bridges emergency relief with longer-term development, intervening in emergency situations of conflict, natural disaster, and chronic food insecurity. Our field staff seasoned professionals and technical experts in nutrition, water and sanitation, public health, and food security carry out life-saving programs in more than 40 countries. These programs reach nearly 5 million people a year, restoring dignity, self-sufficiency, and independence to vulnerable populations around the world. LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN Action Against Hunger Core Principles The ACF International Charter affirms six core principles that all staff members worldwide pledge to uphold in carrying out their work. Since its inception nearly three decades ago, Action Against Hunger ACF International has led the fight against global hunger. From responding to complex humanitarian emergencies, to addressing malnutrition in refugee camps, to preventing seasonal food shortages, our teams deliver principled solutions to millions of people in crisis every year. And by developing strategies in concert with local populations, ACF works to ensure that communities regain self-sufficiency for the long term. action against hunger Independence In 2008, as people across the globe faced a sharp rise in international food prices, dwindling employment opportunities, natural disasters, and entrenched conflict, ACF launched new initiatives and fine-tuned others in response to this ever-shifting environment. Our teams provided life-saving services in areas inaccessible by road and in regions served by few other international aid organizations. Whether in the aftermath of Typhoon Fengshen in the Philippines, in the wake of Haiti s devastating hurricanes, or during the continued crisis in Darfur, ACF s presence guaranteed that distressed populations received immediate assistance. Neutrality Non-Discrimination Free and Direct Access to Victims ACF-USA Chairman: Raymond Debbane Executive Director: Nan Dale Professionalism Transparency After Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar, cutting off a large swath of the nation from access to food and water, ACF drew on the hundreds of staff members already working throughout the country to deliver more than 25 tons of emergency supplies to families struggling to survive. When a cholera outbreak threatened the lives of tens of thousands in Zimbabwe, ACF mounted an immediate effort to contain the epidemic by providing access to safe water and bolstering public sanitation measures. Our teams stayed after emergencies ended to help communities regain their livelihoods and secure food and water supplies for the future. We provided cash grants to small businesses, distributed seeds and tools to farmers diversifying their crops, built and repaired water sources, and provided instruction in health and hygiene. ACF-France President: Denis Metzger Executive Director: François Danel ACF-Spain President: José Luis Leal Maldonado Executive Director: Olivier Longué ACF-UK Chairman: Paul Wilson Executive Director: Jean-Michel Grand ACF remains committed to tackling the symptoms and underlying causes of malnutrition through cutting-edge research and advocacy. Seasons of Hunger, the ACF Hunger Watch report for 2008, underscores the role seasonal food shortages play in the persistence of malnutrition and advocates for proven, cost-effective solutions to help farmers during periods of routine scarcity. Another ACF report released in 2008, Feeding Hunger & Insecurity, provides policymakers and practitioners with a roadmap for addressing the effects of the global food crisis. ACF-Canada President: Diane Bussandri Executive Director: Richard Veenstra 8 On behalf of the Board of Directors at each of our five ACF headquarters, I am proud to present this report highlighting some of our key accomplishments in Reflects the leadership of each ACF headquarters as of December 31, 2008 To view our financial information, please visit Cover photos: ACF-Uganda, ACF-Afghanistan, courtesy courtesy T. Frank; I. Eshragi/Agence ACF-Nicaragua. VU; ACF-Sri Lanka, courtesy J. Lapegue ON THE COVER Our comprehensive approach to global hunger delivers a range of community-centered solutions to populations in crisis, like this young girl s community in Karamoja, Uganda. BURTON K. HAIMES Chairman, International Chairmen s Council ACF International 1ACF INTERNATIONAL For almost 30 years, Action Against Hunger has led the way in defining the idea of global partnership. ACTION AGAINST HUNGER A UNIQUE INTERNATIONAL NETWORK Our comprehensive solutions to global hunger are needsbased, context-specific, and customized through direct community participation. While the programs we run may vary from one country to the next, they all share this defining set of characteristics: Comprehensive: Action Against Hunger integrates activities in nutrition, food security, water and sanitation, health, and advocacy. To tackle the underlying causes of hunger, we address the social, organizational, technical, and resource concerns essential to a community s well-being. Lasting Solutions: Action Against Hunger works to ensure our programs can be sustained without us. By integrating our programs with local and national systems, we transform effective, short-term interventions into sustainable, long-term solutions. Community-Centered: A community-centered approach is key to building local capacity for the management and maintenance of our programs. Through training, workshops, technical support, and mentoring, Action Against Hunger builds local capacity and cultivates community knowhow for the long-run. Independent & Impartial: As a nongovernmental humanitarian agency, ACF is apolitical. But when it comes to human suffering, we are not neutral: We do our utmost to deliver effective assistance whenever and wherever it s most needed. Full Accountability & Transparency: Action Against Hunger directly implements and oversees all of its programs, requiring full access to communities targeted for assistance. Committed to transparency and full disclosure, ACF ensures key financial information is publicly available and that its programs undergo external evaluation to assess their impact. ACF S INTEGRATED APPROACH TO FIGHTING HUNGER Today, nearly one billion people suffer from hunger and lack access to clean drinking water. Through an integrated approach incorporating Nutrition & Health, Food Security, Water, Sanitation & Hygiene, and Advocacy, Action Against Hunger responds efficiently and effectively to help vulnerable populations around the world. NutritioN: Nutrition programs aim at assessing, preventing and treating acute malnutrition among the most vulnerable populations, especially young children and pregnant or lactating women. Health programs consist of fighting diseases linked with malnutrition. ACF s programs provide immediate assistance and long-term relief to malnourished children and their families. FOOD SECURITY: Action Against Hunger s food security programs include both emergency programs such as emergency food distributions as well as longterm programs. These programs aim at boosting agricultural and/ or economic activity, providing populations with sufficient access to food of a satisfactory quality and improving self-sufficiency. WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE: These programs aim at guaranteeing access to drinking water and good sanitary conditions (by providing wells, water distribution networks, latrines, hygiene education sessions, etc). Our food security programs offer a broad range of solutions for generating income and food production. ADVOCACY: Action Against Hunger seeks to alert and influence the international community when fundamental rights such as access to water or food are violated. Action Against Hunger s advocacy efforts aim at affecting institutional and policy changes to help create a world without hunger. ACF ensures effective assistance by working directly with communities to customize lasting solutions to hunger. action against hunger ACF INTERNATIONAL 2 ACF-Colombia, courtesy S. Vera. (From left): ACF-Pakistan, courtesy J. Pomerantz; ACF-Niger, courtesy J. Leigton; ACF-Uganda, courtesy T. Frank. 3 PROGRAM MAP NORTH CAUCASUS ARMENIA GEORGIA AZERBAIJAN MONGOLIA MALI CHAD NEPAL LEBANON NIGER HAITI MYANMAR SYRIA LAOS PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES GUATEMALA ETHIOPIA MAURITANIA GUINEA PHILIPPINES SUDAN NICARAGUA SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC LIBERIA COLOMBIA IVORY COAST KENYA BURKINA FASO ECUADOR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DRC) PERU UGANDA ZAMBIA BANGLADESH ANGOLA INDONESIA BOLIVIA AFGHANISTAN PARAGUAY MALAWI ARGENTINA SWAZILAND SRI LANKA The breadth of Action Against Hunger s international expertise goes beyond the scope of our current programs. We have worked in many other countries, including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cameroon, North Korea, Mozambique, Macedonia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Western Sahara. ZIMBABWE LESOTHO This map reflects the reach of ACF International as of December 31, (From left): ACF-Mali, courtesy S. Vera; ACF-Lebanon, courtesy S. Vera; ACF-Kenya, courtesy N. Dale; ACF-West Bank, courtesy B. Brignet; ACF-Colombia, courtesy S. Vera. SELECT PROGRAMS Myanmar Action Against Hunger has worked to meet the basic needs of families in Myanmar since In early May 2008, Cyclone Nargis struck land, devastating much of the country and exposing an already vulnerable population to a food and water crisis. The Bogalay region was particularly affected, with the destruction of roads and bridges leaving 80,000 people isolated and in need of help. Hunkering down in improvised camps in the aftermath of the cyclone, survivors subsisted on damaged, moldy rice and gathered water from unprotected sources, including rivers clogged with animal and human corpses. Drawing on the more than 550 staff members already working throughout the country, ACF was able to mount an immediate relief effort for this population, distributing more than 5,600 tons of emergency supplies, including protein biscuits, water purification kits, pumps, and other life-saving equipment. Philippines The Philippine archipelago, which is highly vulnerable to seasonal typhoons, suffered a major disaster in July 2008 when Typhoon Fengshen destroyed homes, livelihoods, and water supplies, and left hundreds of thousands in need of assistance. ACF s initial response focused on Corcuera and Banton isolated areas of the central archipelago and on Mindinao, the country s southernmost island. Action Against Hunger distributed food and basic hygiene materials to 1,500 families (more than 7,500 individuals) on Corcuera and Banton, where most of the population had lost homes and livelihoods and where the price of basic foodstuffs had risen exponentially. On Mindinao, meanwhile, the typhoon left 70 percent of the population without access to drinking water. In response, ACF distributed water tank filters, supplies of soap, and hygiene kits to 15,000 people to prevent the spread of waterborne illnesses household items that ACF purchased locally to support the devastated region s economy. Kenya Beginning in December 2007, allegations of fraud in Kenya s presidential election erupted into widespread violence that lasted for weeks. The Rift Valley bore the brunt of the violence: in the provincial capital of Nakuru, more than 30,000 people sought shelter in camps or with relatives. In response, Action Against Hunger secured clean water and sanitation facilities for the displaced and distributed essential non-food items such as soap, blankets, and clothing. Once the situation stabilized, ACF s food security experts uncovered unmet needs among the displaced sheltering with relatives or friends i.e., those who missed out on the assistance provided in camps. In partnership with a local bank, ACF provided these residents with small cash grants for reviving livelihoods or rebuilding businesses destroyed during the conflict. The grants supported a wide variety of microenterprise activities, from women s cooperatives that purchased spinning wheels for a textile business, to vegetable sellers who pooled funds to support a small shop. Designed to generate income, these activities meant immediate nutritional improvements for the families involved, most of whom managed to save some of their grant money as insurance against future crises. Liberia Action Against Hunger has been actively involved with reconstruction and development efforts in Liberia since the end of its 14-year civil war in The last two years have left Liberia particularly vulnerable to fluctuations in global food prices given its reliance on food and oil imports. In March 2008, routine nutrition surveys uncovered an alarming spike in malnutrition rates in the capital of Monrovia, a crisis that led to a 40 percent increase in admissions to ACF s feeding programs over a five month period. In response, ACF scaled up emergency nutrition programs in the capital and called on the international community for greater assistance. Action Against Hunger distributed 24 tons of food throughout the country and continued to implement a variety of programs, from agricultural support and veterinary assistance projects, to income generating activities. ACF s therapeutic programs target children under five as the most vulnerable to malnutrition. Mali In Gao, Mali, HIV/AIDS rates have doubled over the last five years, threatening the population s food security and increasing malnutrition rates. When income earners fall ill, whole families can experience declines in living standards and are often at greater risk of hunger and malnutrition. Moreover, individuals living with both HIV/AIDS and malnutrition respond poorly to standard anti-retroviral treatments. Recognizing the link between HIV/ AIDS and malnutrition, Action Against Hunger launched an ambitious HIV prevention program to complement its food security and water and sanitation projects. ACF began by exploring local attitudes and beliefs on sexuality and HIV/AIDS before embarking on a comprehensive education campaign. This innovative campaign targeted at-risk populations often ignored by state and local organizations young people aged 15 to 25 and women engaged in sex We work directly with local populations to identify existing coping mechanisms and develop appropriate solutions. work. Through collaborative efforts, ACF helped build a network of public health organizations addressing HIV/ AIDS for a range of previously excluded vulnerable groups. Sudan As the humanitarian crisis in Darfur continued for the fifth straight year, Action Against Hunger helped provide assistance to the 2.5 million displaced people struggling to survive in camps in western Sudan. In 2008 alone, ACF distributed 800,000 food rations and completed water and sanitation projects benefiting thousands of Darfurians. ACF also continued its work in southern Sudan, helping communities to rebuild their lives in the aftermath of the devastating civil war that formally ended in Despite periodic bouts of insecurity, ACF worked to prevent and treat malnutrition in the region by implementing programs in nutrition monitoring and treatment; carrying out water and sanitation projects; ACF s 30 years of humanitarian action ensures expertise in a wide range of countries and cultural contexts. action against hunger ACF INTERNATIONAL (From left) ACF-Guatemala, courtesy B. Grignet; ACF-D.R.Congo, courtesy Burger/Phanie; ACF-Cambodia, ACF-Uganda, courtesy A. Krstevski. courtesy J. Lapegue (From left): ACF-Liberia, courtesy V. Burger; ACF-Nicaragua, courtesy E. Sahsa; ACF-Kenya, courtesy S. Bruas. 7 SELECT PROGRAMS teaching health, hygiene, and cooking classes; distributing seeds and tools; and working with the local population to diversify crops and generate income. Zimbabwe In 2008, Zimbabwe faced increased political unrest and economic dislocation as inflation climbed to unprecedented rates. Water, sanitation, and public health systems began to collapse, and by August, a cholera outbreak threatened the lives of tens of thousands of people. In response, Action Against Hunger in Zimbabwe since 2002 launched emergency programs to contain the epidemic by providing immediate access to safe water, ensuring public sanitation measures, sanitizing public water points, and promoting health and hygiene education. These emergency efforts continued into Central America (Guatemala and Nicaragua) Action Against Hunger s programs in Guatemala and Nicaragua continued to help communities recover from the devastation of Hurricane Felix, which struck the region in early September ACF s programs provided water and sanitation assistance and bolstered local efforts to enhance food supplies. In addition, Action Against Hunger supported disaster preparedness efforts in the region by building an early warning system and strengthening the capacity of Guatemala s disaster response agency to mitigate the impact of future storms. Haiti Wracked by decades of political turmoil and environmental problems that have degraded soils and diminished agricultural yields, Haiti s population has long been vulnerable to natural disasters. In 2008, conditions only worsened as Haiti was struck by three successive hurricanes Gustave, Hanna and Ike. Aware of the country s vulnerability to severe weather patterns, Action Against Hunger had already prepared for such disasters by pre-positioning stocks of water and sanitation supplies in the cities of Port de Paix and Port-au-Prince. After the hurricanes, ACF was able to rapidly ship emergency equipment to the hard-hit city of Gonaives, which was inundated and cut off from the rest of Haiti. As the crisis wore on, communities were increasingly hard-pressed to access food. Action Against Hunger responded by launching several interventions to bolster income and distribute food establishing feeding centers for young children, setting up cash-forfood programs that employed Gonaive residents in digging buildings out from the mud, and distributing 11 tons of food to people in need of immediate assistance. action against hunger Poverty, deprivation, and hunger are all too common, but ACF s programs help restore dignity, health, and self-sufficiency. Our 4,000+ staff are seasoned professionals and technical experts in water and sanitation, food security, public health, and nutrition. Our emergency interventions ensure access to clean water, a first line of defense in mitigating a natural disaster. Peru Action Against Hunger s programs in Peru were established in 2007 in the wake of an earthquake that struck the country with such force that it devastated coastal areas. Immediately after the earthquake, ACF rebuilt water and sanitation infrastructure to prevent an outbreak of water-borne illnesses and other diseases. By 2008, ACF had expanded its efforts to include food security programs that help rural communities replace livelihoods lost during the earthquake. ACF INTERNATIONAL 8 (From left): ACF-Guatemala; ACF-Colombia, (From left) courtesy, ACF-Guatemala, S. Vera; ACF-Nepal, courtesy B. courtesy Grignet; S. ACF-D.R.Congo, Remael. courtesy Burger/Phanie; ACF-Cambodia, courtesy J. Lapegue ACF-Nepal, courtesy S. Remael. 9 SEASONS OF HUNGER: FIGHTING CYCLES OF QUIET STARVATION AMONG THE WORLD S RURAL POOR By Stephen Devereux, Bapu Vaitla, Samuel Hauenstein Swan Action Against Hunger s research and advocacy department, Hunger Watch, continued its insightful report series this year with Seasons of Hunger, a publication that highlights the role seasonal food shortages play in the persistence of malnutrition. The report s cogent an
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