Adverb and Preposition

learn easily types of Adverb and Preposition
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  Adverb Adverbs are used to modify verbs. They tell us when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent an action is performed. Some examples:    When: He ran yesterday  .    Where: He ran here .    How: He ran quickly  .    In what manner: He ran barefoot  .    To what extent: He ran  fastest  . What Is an Adverb? An adverb can be added to a verb to modify its meaning. Usually, an adverb tells you when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent an action is performed. Many adverbs end in ly   —  particularly those that are used to express how an action is performed. Although many adverbs end ly , lots don’t, e.g., fast, ever, well, very, most, least, more, less, now, far, and there. Example    Anita placed the vase carefully on the shelf. (The word carefully   is an adverb. It shows how the vase was placed.)    Tara walks gracefully. (The word gracefully   is an adverb. It modifies the verb to walk  .)    He runs fast. (The word  fast   is an adverb. It modifies the verb to run .)    You can set your watch by him. He always leaves at 5 o'clock. (The word always  is an adverb. It modifies the verb to leave .)    The dinner guests arrived early. ( early   modifies to arrive )    She sometimes helps us. ( sometimes  modifies to help )    I am the only person in the world I should like to know thoroughly. (Oscar Wilde) ( thoroughly   modifies to know  )  Types of Adverbs Although there are thousands of adverbs, each adverb can usually be categorized in one of the following groupings:    Adverbs of Time      Press the button now. ( now   - adverb of time)    I have never been. ( never   - adverb of time)    I tell him daily. ( daily   - adverb of time)    Adverbs of Place      Daisies grow everywhere. (everywhere - adverb of place)    I did not put it there. (there - adverb of place)    Adverbs of Manner      He passed the re-sit easily. (easily - adverb of manner)    The lion crawled stealthily. ( stealthily   - adverb of manner)    Adverbs of Degree      That is the farthest I have ever jumped. (farthest - adverb of degree)    He boxed more cleverly. ( more cleverly   - adverb of degree and manner.  Adverbs Can Modify Adjectives and Other Adverbs Although the term adverb  implies that they are only used with verbs, adverbs can also modify adjectives and other adverbs. For example:    Peter had an extremely ashen face. (The adverb extremely modifies the adjective ashen.)    Badly trained dogs that fail the test will become pets. (The adverb badly   modifies the adjective trained  .) (Note: The adjective trained   is an adjective formed from the verb to train . It is called a participle.)    She wore a beautifully designed dress. (The adverb beautifully modifies the adjective designed.)     Peter Jackson finished his assignment remarkably quickly. (The adverb quickly   modifies the verb to finish . The adverb remarkably modifies the adverb quickly  .)  Preposition The following are all examples of prepositions:  –   in , on , at  , around  , above , near  , underneath , alongside , of  , and  for  . A preposition sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show the noun's relationship to another word in the sentence. “ A  preposition  is a word which precedes a noun or a pronoun to show the noun's or the pronoun's relationship to another word in the sentence. ”  The word  preposition  comes from the idea of being  positioned before . It is not true to say that a preposition always precedes a noun or a pronoun, but it does most of the time. Following are the mostly used preposition: ã   above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to, toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with  and within . Examples: ã   It is a container for butter. (The preposition  for   shows the relationship between butter   and container  .) ã   The eagle soared above the clouds. (The preposition above  shows the relationship between clouds  and soared  .)    Up around under Over between to Aboard about above Across after against along amid among around as at before behind below beneath beside besides between beyond but by despite down during except onto opposite outside over past per plus regarding round save since than through to toward towards under underneath  
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