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ANTHRO 001 Aut 10 Midterm Review

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  ANTHROPOLOGY 001_050 Midterm Review KEY TERMS Nomads  - A member of a group of people who have no fixed home and move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food water and gra!ing land A person withno fixed residence who roams about# a wanderer Pastoralist  - a gra!ier or land-holder raising sheep cattle etc on alarge scale Sedentary  - abiding in one place# not migrator$ Horti!lt!re  - the science and art of  cultivating such plants ins#i$  - the state or fact of being of %in# famil$ relationship relationship b$ nature &ualities etc # affinit$ %ndo&amo!s  - the practice of marr$ing within a specific ethnic group class or social group re'ecting others on such bases as being unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships %'a&omo!s  - The customof marr$ing outside the tribe famil$ clan or other social unit (iriloal  - living with or located near the husband(s father(sgroup# patrilocal Levirate  -  the sometimes compulsory marriage of awidow to a brother of her deceased husband Sororiate  -  the marriage of one man to two or more sisters usually successively and after thefirst wife has been found to be barren or after her death Rei$roity  - the relation or policy in commercial dealings betweencountries by which corresponding advantages or privileges are granted by each country to the citizens of the other Liminality  -  the transitional period or phase of a rite of passage, during whichthe participant lacks social status or rank, remains anonymous,shows obedience and humility, and follows prescribed forms of conduct, dress, etc. )ridewealt#  -  the money or goods given to thefamily of a bride by the bridegroom or his family. )ride$rie  - the money or goods given to thefamily of a bride by the bridegroom or his family *owry  -  the money, goods, or estate that a wife bringsto her husband at marriage Poly&yny  - the practice or condition of having more than one wife at one time. Polyandry  -  the practice or condition of having more than one husband at one time. Patrilineal  - inheriting or determining descent through the male line Matrilineal  - inheriting or determining descent through the female line )ilateral desent  - line of descent traced through both the maternal and paternal sides of the family +ar&o +!lts  -  any of various native religious cults of a millenarian and messianic character located in the southwestern Pacific islands, holding thatspirits will bring large cargoes of modern goods for distribution among its adherents. Homosoial - relating to, or involving social relationships between persons of the same sex and especially between men %t#no&ra$#y  - The branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific descriptionof specific human cultures. (writing about people) ,ieldwor-  - ork done or firsthand observations madein the field as opposed to that done or observed in a controlled environment. Partii$ant.O/servationMet#ods  - Role o reli&ionGlo/aliation  -  Process by which the experience of everyday life, marked by thediffusion of commodities andideas, is becoming standardized around the world. Synretism  - !econciliationor fusion of differing systems of belief, as in philosophy or religion, especially when success is partial or the result is heterogeneous.  )riola&e  -   omething made or put together using whatever materials happen to be available +!lt!ral Relativism  -  principle that an individual human#s beliefs an d activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual#s own culture %t#noentrism  -  $elief in the superiority of one#s own ethnic group. %t#is   +!lt!reT#i- *esri$tion -  thick description  of a human behavior is one that explainsnot %ust the behavior, but its context as well, such that the behavior becomes meaningful to an outsider. )alinese +o- ,i&#tGlo/al P#enomenon2Loal PratiesPotlat#,ive Se'es3nter$ellation  -  a procedure (in some parliaments) of demanding that a government official explain some act or policy )erda#e  -  & person, especially a 'ative &mericanman, who assumes the sexual identity and is granted the social status of the opposite sex TH% G%)4S3)r!e na!t  - %ileenPa$!a New G!inea Yi/i#il! o&wayaySorery*a&!waSaliam*!&awe Y!way)oylSay!Gami*oliayaya/ay3nitiationSorery in6!ests2a!sationM!rder +rimeSin&in&*anin&+o!ntin&S!/sistene2oodH!ntin&,armin&Gardens adameni  S$irit Medi!ms+lanLinea&eSister.e'#an&eTa/ooGas!mi +ornersNomad StationP%OPL%,ran )oas+la!de.Levi Stra!ss)ronislaw Malinows-iMi#el ,o!a!ltMars#al Sa#lins+liord Geert 7 )thic% description* %mile *!r-#eimMa' e/er 8o#n Mona&#anPeter 8!st

Credit 1-ok

Jul 23, 2017
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