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Archer (1987a) Three new species of Dolichovespula from China (Hymenoptera Vespidae)

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Three new species of Dolichovespula have been found from China: Dolichovespula Baileyi, sp.nov, Dolichovespula flora, Sp.nov, and Dolichovespula sinensis, Sp.nov are described and compared with other species of Dolichovespula
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  ENTOMOLOGISTS MONTHLYMAGAZINE THREE NEW SPECIES OF DOLICHOVESPULA (HYM.,VESPIDAE) FROM CHINA 27 BYM.E. ARCHER Waspsofthegenus Dolichovespula Rohweraresocialspeciesusuallybuildingelaboratepaperaerialnestsalthough D.sylvestris (Scopoli)sometimesbuildsanestatgroundlevel.Mostspecieshavecharacteristicblack-and-yellow, or black-and-white,stripesonthegasteralthoughthegasters of D.maculata (L.)and D. panda Archerarelargelyblack.Liu(1936-37)listedthreespeciesof Dolichovespula fromAsiawithonespeciesfromChina.Recentlymuchinteresthasbeenshown in Asiatic Dolichovespula withfournewspeciesbeingdescribedofwhichthreearefoundinChina(Archer,1980,1981,Eck1984a,1984b).CurrentlyMatsuura & Yamane(1984)listninespeciesof Dolichovespula fromAsiaandEck(1984c) 11 species;bothpublicationsgivesevenspeciesforChina.Eck(1984c)givesakeytotheworldspecies of Dolicho-vespula. Thispaperdescribesafurtherthreenewspecies of Dolicho-vespula, all of whicharefound in China.Althoughthesenewspeciesarerepresentedbyonlysmallnumbersofspecimenstheyarequitedistinctandit is hopedthisnote will aidthesearchforfurtherspecimens,includingthemaleswhichatpresentareunknown.Thenamesofinstitutions in whichmaterialstudied is housedarehereinabbreviated as follows:BMNH-BritishMuseum(NaturalHistory),London;IZAS-InstituteZoologyAcademiaSinica,Peking;RSM-RoyalScottishMuseum,Edinburgh;USNM-NationalMuseumofNaturalHistory,WashingtonD.C.Fig.1showstheheadmeasurementsthathavebeenmade. Dolichovespulaflora sp. n. Queen Head orange-yellow except asfollows:blackring aroundantennal base;frons,vertex and area immediately around ocellia deeper orange-yellow;oculo-malarspace outlined in black;scapedorsallywithdarkbrown stripe; pediceldorsally and l1agellumreddish. Thorax and propodeum blackwithmarkingsasfollows: pronotum and tegulaorange-yellow;mesoscutumwithbroadcentraland narrow lateralbrownstripe;mesoscutellumorange-yellowwith posterior brown band andacentralblackline; metanotum withlateral anterior orange-yellow spotseparated byabrownband;mesepisternul1lwitha dark brown band;femur apically,tibia,tarsusorange-yellow.Gastraltergitesblack with orange-yellowapical band whichincreases in widthfromhall' of firstandsecondtergitestonearlywhole of fifth and sixthtergites;basalblackbandwithlateralorange-yellowindentationonfirst and secondtergitesbut projectionson thirdtosixthtergites; sternites orange-yellowexceptasfollows:secondwitllbroadbasalblackband;thirdtofifthwith narrow basalblackbandwithacentralprojectionhalf-wayacrosssegment and lateralblackspot.Bodyhairlongandblack ordark brownexceptpaleonclypeus,ventralfrons,base of mandible, gena,areaaround base of wings,ventral mesepisternum, dorsalandventral metapleura, propodeul1l,gastralsternites. Long palebrownhairsoncoxa, trochanter, femur,tibia.Structuralcharacteristics:Oculo-malarspacelong (HW/OMS, 8.33);lateralangles of clypeustriangularly produced butapicallyblunt;clypealcoarse punctures with27thMarch, 1987 Vo/.123 (1987)  28 ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGAZINE inter-puncturedistanceequaltopuncturediameterondisc,puncturesclosertogetherapicallyandlaterally;POL/OOL,0.54;POL/APOL,1.75;POL/PBHL,0.37;marginbehindinnermandibulartoothslightlyconcave;OCL/HL,0.57;pronotalcarinawelldevelopedanddistinctdorsally;pronotumventrallywithtransverserugae,dorsallyrugaerunatanangleof 45° toandoriginatefromthepronotalcarina;mesoscutalcoarsepunctureswithinter-puncturedistancegreaterthanpuncturediameteronthecentrebutpuncturescloserlaterally;propodeumdenselypunctate,ventrallyweaklyrugose;dorsalmargin of sixthgastralsterniteevenlyconvex. Workers: Asqueenexceptareaimmediatelyaroundocelliblack;vertexlightbrown;secondtotenthflagellarsegmentsmayhaveasmallblackspot,orthird to tenthflagellarsegmentsmayhavealargeblackspot;centralbrownstripeonmesoscutumU-shapedopeninganteriorly;mesoscutellummayhavecentralbrownline;yellowspotmaybepresentondorsalmesepisternum,centreofventralmetapleuraandventralpropodeum;legsdarkbrownratherthanblack;ventralface of firstgastraltergitelightbrown,dorsallyorange-yellowexceptforlateralsmallblackspotandmayhaveasmallcentralbasalblackspot;blackbandonsecondtothirdgastraltergitesmayhavealateralprojection;blackbasalbandongastralsternitesvariesfrombeingalmostabsentexceptforasmallcentralprojectiontoextendinghalf-wayacrossthesegmentwithlateralattachedspotonthirdtofifthgastralsternites;palebrownhairsonmetanotum,wholeofmesepisternum,mesepemeron,andverticalfaceoffirstgastraltergite. lA ) HW O M S - - - - - - - ' r ~ 18 IC OCl Fig. 1- Headoffemale Dolichovespllla. -A.Frontalview.B.Lateralview. C. Vertex. OCL = occipitalcarinalength, HL = headlength, POL = postocellarline, OOL = ocellar-ocularline, APOL = anterio-postocellarline,PBHL = postocellarbackofheadline,HW = headwidth,OMS = oculo-malarspace.  ENTOMOLOGISTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE 29 Structural characteristicsas queen except: HW/OMS, 8.06-9.23; c1ypeal coarse punc tures on discwith inter-puncture distance greaterthan puncture diameter; POL/OOL0.50-0.55; POL/APOL, 1.33-1.50; POL/PBHL, 0.44-0.50; OCL/HL, 0.62-tJ.75. Body length: Queen 19.9 mm; worker 12.8-16,2 mm,Length of fore-wing: Queen 17.7 mm; worker 12.0-14.3 mm. HOLOTYPE S(: BURMA, Adung Valley,1931 (F. KingdonWard) (BMNH), Paratypes: CHINA, Yunnan, 1 ~ , 1918 (M,], Mans[ield) (BMNH), 1 ~ , 1898 (R.Oberthur) (1, vandel'Vecht); CHINA, 1 ~ , Szechwan,3150 m" Aug.1981(IZAS),Thisspeciesmaybe separated from other species of Dolichovespula by the presence and orientation of therugaeonthe pronotum, Doliclzovespula sinensis sp,n, Workers: Head blackwithmarkingsasfollows:fronswithyellowshield extending below the bases of the antennae;ocular sinuswith narrow ventralyellowstripe extending to c1ypealmargin; c1ypeusyellowwithacentralbrown or black spot whicllmayhave narrowdorsal and ventral extensions;gena yellowwithblackIJosterior bandvariable in width,yellowmay be partially replaced bylightbrown; oculo-malar space blackto dark brownwithayellow spot whichmaybeextensive;scapeyellowventrally;pedicel and Oagellum brown ventrally. Thoraxandpropodeum blackwithmarkings as follows: pronotum with narrow parallel-sidedyellowstripe;tegulabrown and mayhave anterior and posterior yellow spot; mesoscutellumvariesfrombrownhavingan anterior transversely elongated yellow spot narrowly separated centrallytowidely separated antero-Iateral yellow spot; metanotum withanterio-Iateral elongated yellow spot. Coxa, trochanter, femur,tibia, tarsus dark brownbecoming light brown apically sometimes marked withyellow. Gaster blackwithmarkingsasfollows: narrow apicalyellow band of similarwidth on tergites one tofive and sternites two to five,yellowbandmayfailtoreachmargin of tergitesthreetofive and becentrally interrupted on tergitefive and sternitesthree tofive;tergitesixmayhavealateralyellow spot;sternite sixmaybe dark brownand haveayellowspot. Body hairlong and black exceptpaleon lateral and ventral thorax,propodeum, gastral sternites andfirstgastraltergite,rest of gastraltergiteswith short hair.Legswithlongpalehairsoncoxa, trochanter, femur and tibia. Structural characteristics: Oculo-malar spacelong (HW/OMS, 6.2-6.6); c1ypealcoarse punctures with inter-puncture distance aboutthree puncturediametersapartbut punc tures closer apically and laterally; c1ypealmicro-punctures absentcentrally and apicallyso surface appears shiny;c1ypealanglessemicircular; POL/OOL, 0,50-0.61; POL/APOL, 1.2-1.6; POL/PBHL, 0.86-1.00; marginbehind inner mandibulartooth straight; OCL/HL, 0.51-0.64; pronotal carina present butindistinct or absent dorsally; pronotum punctate; mesoscutal coarsepunctures with inter-puncture distance about twice puncture diameter; mesoscutal micro-punctures with interpuncture distanceless thanpuncture diameter;propodeumpunctate; apicalmargin of sixthsterniteevenlyconvex. Body length: 11.0-13.0 mm.Length of fore-wing: 10.1-11.5 mm. HOLOTYPE ~ : CHINA, Szechwan,Suifu, June 1928 (D.e. Graham) (USNM), Paratypes: CHINA; 1 ~ , data asholotype (BMNH); 1 ~ , Szechwan (IZAS); 1 ~ , Szechwan,Aug,1957 (M,£' Archer); 1 ~ , Sikang,Tatsienlu,Aug,1930 (D, e. Graham) (BMNH), Thisspeciesmaybe separated from other species ofthe Dolicho-vespula bythefollowingcharacteristics:lackofrugae onpronotum, form of clypealangles,longoculo-malarspace,density of coarseclypealpunctures,gena and ocularsinus and clypealcoloration,width of yellowbands of gastraltergites,form of pronotalcarina, centre of clypeuslackingmicro-punctures.  30 ENTOMOLOGISTS MONTHLYMAGAZINE DoLichovespulabaileyi Sp. n. Queens: The yellowcolorationmaybepale. Head -vertexblackwithtwoyellowspotsposteriorly;fronsblackwithyellowtriangle extending below antennal bases;ocularsinusblackwithaventralyellowstripe extending totheclypealmargin;clypeusyellowwithcentralblack spot; mandibleyellowwithblackbasal spot, ventralbrownedge andteeth edgedblack; gena yellowwithoccipitalcarinablack; oculo-malar spaceblackbutmaybe marked withyellow; antenna blackdorsally,scapeyellow and pedicelandflagellum brown ventrally. Thorax andpropodeum blackwithmarkingsasfollows: pronotum with narrow parallel-sidedyellowstripe;tegulayellowwith outer transparent brownspot;mesoscutellumwithelongatedanterio-lateralyellow spot;metanotum withsmall anterio lateralyellow spot; forecoxa andtrochanter ventrallyyellowdorsally darkbrown, mid and hind-coxa andtrochanter blackbecomingbrownapically;forefemurventrallyyellowwith elongated brown spot, dorsallylightbrown,mid-andhind-femurblackbasallybecomingbrown and then yellowapically;foretibiayellowwithventralbrown spot, midandhind-tibiayellowdorsallybrownventrally;fore and mid-tarsusyellowdorsallylightbrownventrally,hindtarsusbrowndorsallylight brown ventrally. Gaster blackwithyellowmarksasfollows:dorsalsurface of firsttergite, second tergite except basally and acentral projection half-wayacrosssegment,centralspotonthirdtergite,lateralapical spoton second sternite, apical and lateralmargin of sixthsternite. Body hairlong and palebrownexceptblack on secondtosixthgastraltergites,mesoscutum,tegula,black areaofpronotum, scape, vertex, ocular sinus,frons, anterior region of gena, fewhairs on clypeus. Long palehairs on coxa, trochanter, femur,tibia. Structural characteristics: Oculo-malar spaceverylong (HW/OMS, 5.57-5.81); lateralangles of clypeuslittleproduced androunded; clypeal punctures mediumandlargeinsize, inter-puncture distance greater than puncturediameter exceptapicallywhereinter puncture distanceequals puncturediameter, dorsally and laterallysmallpunctures present with inter-puncture distancelessthan puncturediameter; POL/OOL, 0.64-0.67; POL/APOL, 1.4-1.6; POL/PBHL, 1.14; OCLlHL, 0.50-0.56; marginbehindinner mandibulartooth straight; pronotal carinawell-developed but indistinctdorsally;pro notum punctate ventrally;mesoscutalmedium-sizepunctureswithinter-puncturedistance greater than puncturediameter; mesoscutalmicro-puncturesmuch in evidencewithinter puncture distancelessthan puncturediameter;propodeum and ventralmetapleurapunctate;dorsalmargin of sixthgastralsterniteevenlyconvex;micro-punctures of secondgastraltergiteverycloselypacked. Body length: 13.7 mm.Length of fore-wing: 13.5-16.0 mm. HOLOTYPE S?: CHINA, Szechwan,LinYang, 2500 m,May1911 (F.M. Bailey) (RSM). Paratype: 1 S?, CHINA, Szechwan, Wen Chuan Shien, 1300-2000 m,1933 (D. C. Gra/wln) (USNM).This speciesmay be separated from the other species of Dolicho-vespula by the followingcharacteristics:lack of rugae on pronotum, form of clypealangles,verylongoculo-malarspace,coloration of first and second gastraltergites. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I amindebted to the followingstaff ofother institutionswho have arranged loans of specimens: A.S. Menke(USNM),M.R. Shaw (RSM),Lee Tie-shang (IZAS),C.R. Vardy (BMNH). REFERENCES Archer, M.E., 1980, Anewspecies of Do/ichovespula and subspecies of D. pacifica (Hym., Vespidae) from China, EnLOmon, 5: 341-344; 1981, Taxonomy of the sylveslris group (Hym., Vespidae, Dolichovespula) with the introduction of anew nameand notes  ENTOMOLOGISTS MONTHLY MAGAZINE 31 ondistribution, Ent.scam/. 12: 187-193.Bequaert, J., 1930,Onthegenericandsubgenericdivisions of theVespinae(Hym.), BIlII. Brooklyn eIIt. Soc., 25: 59-70. Duncan, C.D., 1939,AcontributiontothebiologyofNorthAmericanvespinewasps, StanfordVniv.Pllbls.Sci. 8: 1-272.Eck, R., 1984a, Ober dieVerbreitungvon Dolichovesplllapacifica (Birula)unddenStatusvon Dolichovesplllapacificaxanthicincta Archer(Hym.,Vespidae), Ent. Abh. Mlls.Tierk.Dresden 47: 195-199;1984b, Zur Verbreitungvon Dolichovesplllalockenae EckundihrerStellung zu den nachstverwandtenArten(Hym.,Vespidae), Ibid. 48: 13-22; 1984c,Bestimmungsschli.issel fUr dieArten derGattung Dolichovespllla Rohwer,1916, Ibid. 48: 35-44. Guiglia,D.,1972,LesGuepesSociales(Hym.,Vespidae) d'Europe OccidentaleetSeptentrionale,MassonetCie,Paris.Liu, C.L.,1936-37, AbibliographicandsynonymiccatalogueoftheVespinaeofChina,withacross-referringindexforthegeneraandspecies, Pekingnat.Hist.BlllI., 11: 205-232. Matsuura, M. & Yamane,Se.1984, Comparativeethology of theVespinewasps, Hokkaido Univ.Press,Japan.TheCollegeofRiponandYorkStJohn,York Y03 7EX. March5th,1985.Fllrtheradditionstothelist of Coleoptera from Windsor,Berks. - OnvisitstoWindsorForestand Great Parkduringthepastfouryears,Ihavecomeacrossthefollowingtenspecieswhichhaveapparentlynotpreviouslybeenrecordedfromthearea: Amphicyllisgloblls (F.)-asinglespecimenontheunderside of afungus-infectedlog in theHighStandingHillarea,21.vii.81.This is aspeciesoccurringusually in rotten,fungusinfectedwood,mostly in oldwoodlandareas in thesouthandeastuptoNorthumberland but with rather fewrecentrecords. Stenichnllspllsilllls (Mull. & Kunze)-male in frassfrombeneaththebark of an oldoakinthe Great Park,12.i.84.Normally,thisspecies is found in dampplacesbut itis verylocal. Bolitobillsinclinans (Grav.)-singlespecimenunderbeechbark in HighStandingHillareaon4.ii.81.Thisspecies is sparselydistributedtomid-Scotland,normallyoccurring in moss or leaves. SepedophilllsIllsitaniclls Hammond -asinglemalefromdebrisatthebaseoradeadbeechtree in OldWindsorWood,9.iii.85;identityconfirmed by dissectionoftheinternalstructure of theaedeagus.Thisspecieswasrelativelyrecentlyseparatedfrom S. l1larshami (Hammond, 1972, Entomologist's 11l0n. Mag. 108,130).Itsheadquarters in Britain is theBrecklandarea,whereit is usuallyassociatedwithconifers,butitoccurrsalso in abandacrossthecountry as farasSouthWales. There is asmallconiferplantation in OldWindsorWoodbutthis is somedistancefromthesite of capture. SepedophilllstestacellS (F.)-anothersingletonclingingtotheundersideofafungusinfectedoaklog, in theCranbournePark area, 15.v.82.This is averylocalspecies,normallyassociatedwithfungus-infectedlogs,withrelatively few records,all in thesoutheastcornerofEngland,south of alinebetweentheSevernandtheWash(Hammond, 1972,Entomologist'smonoMag. 108:130). Oligotaapicata Er.-onespecimen in frassfromahollowbeechstump in theCranbourneParkarea20.x.81;anotherswept in the Great Park19.vi.84.This is one of therarestmembersofthegenus,occurringusually in fungiontrees(WiJliams,1982, Ento-mologist's mono Mag. 118:58).Indescribingtheknowndistribution of thespecies,MrWilliamscorrectlypredictedfromitsoccurrence in SherwoodForestandtheNewForestthatitwouldeventuallybefound in theWindsorarea. Clambllsradllla Endr.- Younga-onespecimenfromwoodmouldcollected in theCranbourneParkarea6.x.81;asecondfromdebrisatthefoot of adeadbeechtree,OldWindsorWood,9.iii.85.Thisspecies is widelydistributed in BritainnorthwardstoHighlandScotland,occurring in woodmould,leaflitterandcarrion.Itookamalefromtheremainsofadead deer atLinnof Dee, near Braemar on26.vii.77.
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