Atmospheric Environment Special Issue Fifty Years of Endeavour

Atmospheric Environment Special Issue Fifty Years of Endeavour
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  Preface  Atmospheric Environment   Special Issue Fifty Years of Endeavour With this 50th anniversary Special Issue we celebrate theemergence of   Atmospheric Environment   as a premier journal of airpollution. Under the ever-increasing pressures of populationgrowth and rapid industrialization, air pollution has emerged asaleadingsocietalconcernworldwidewithitsimpactfeltfromlocaltoglobal scales.Thelast fifty yearshaveseen muchnewlegislation,great advancesinscienceandtechnology,andrevolutionarymeansto disseminate information.  Atmospheric Environment   took shape in 1966 after initiallaunches of the  International Journal of Air Pollution  in 1958 andthe  Journal of Air and Water Pollution  in 1960. Events in the 1950ssuch as the Great London Smog and photochemical smog of LosAngeles and the associated legislative efforts provided vision andimpetus for this journal with a focus on air pollution. The journal’sevolution over the decades occurred alongside major legislativeefforts to control air pollution (U. S. Clean Air Acts of 1955, 1963,1970, 1990), international agreements to protect stratosphericozone (Montreal Protocol, 1992), and climate change controlefforts (Kyoto Protocol, 1997). During this time many countriesinstituted ambient air quality standards designed to mitigateproblems of health and welfare. Concerns that were largely drivenby air quality and health implications now include climate changeas an important factor as nations develop integrated controlstrategies.The main aim of   Atmospheric Environment   has been andcontinues to be to provide a scientific understanding of the conse-quencesofnaturalandhuman-inducedperturbationsontheearth’satmosphere.Areascoveredincludepollutionresearchanditsappli-cations, air quality and its effects, pollutant transport and transfor-mations, deposition and fate, biosphere–atmosphere exchange,climate change, and environmental policy. To date some 15000papers have been published in  Atmospheric Environment  . In recentyears papers are somewhat evenly distributed between NorthAmerica, Europe, and the developing world. The latter has seentremendous growth in submissions commensurate with theseverity of air pollution problems in places such as China and Indiaand the need for economic development. Since 2001  Atmospheric Environment   has honored two outstanding papers annually withits  Haagen-Smit Prize . Examples of Prize winning papers are thoseofTwomey(2004Prize)thatfirstlinkedairpollutionandplanetaryalbedo (‘‘Twomey Effect’’) and the critical evaluation of aerosols byWhitby (2007 Prize), a paper with nearly 600 citations.The last decades have seen enormous changes in science andtechnology. Some of the early research in air pollution used wetchemicaltechniquesthatwerebothslowandlessspecific.Inrecentdecadeselectronicsandassociatedcomputertechnologyhavebeenusedtomakethese instrumentsmorespecific,fast,and automated.It is now possible to measure free radicals present in parts perquadrillion (10  15 v/v) levels as well as the composition of singleparticles. Remote sensing techniques have received a great deal of attention and satellites now aim to measure gases and aerosolsfrom space globally. Highly complex 3-D models are routinelyused to simulate chemistry, dynamics, and radiation. With theadvent of the Internet and the World Wide Web, the publishingindustry itself has undergone revolutionary changes. Publishinghas become easier and more competitive, electronic searcheshave over taken trips to libraries, and experimental ideas such as‘‘open access journals’’ are being considered. Publishing processesare now substantially automated with improved review and fasterresponse involving a global network of scientists.  Atmospheric Environment  , its authors, editors, and publishershavebeenfortunate to beat the forefrontof a highly dynamic,rele-vant, and societally important discipline. The articles contained inthis Special Issue  Atmospheric Environment   –  Fifty Years of Endeavor  provide insights into aspects involving health impacts, pollutantemissions, atmospheric chemistry, biosphere–atmosphereexchange, climate change, new observational techniques, as wellas strategies for air pollution control and management. Newresearch is taking place at an accelerated pace around the worldand great future advances are anticipated. With this 50th anniver-sary Special Issue we celebrate  Atmospheric Environment’s  past andlook forward to an exciting future dedicated to disseminatingscientific information in the service of protecting the earth’senvironment.Finallywewouldliketothankall theauthors whohavecontrib-uted to this Special Issue, for accepting the invitation to write thearticles and managing to meet our tight deadlines; the reviewers,several of whom completed their reports after very short notice;and our special thanks go to Karen Sturges without whose tirelessefforts this could not have been achieved. We appreciate the hardwork and time given to the successful completion of this SpecialIssue.Hanwant B. SinghPeter Brimblecombe * Friso Veenstra School of Environmental Sciences,University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK   Corresponding author. E-mail address: (P. Brimblecombe) Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Atmospheric Environment journal homepage: 1352-2310/$ – see front matter    2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.017 Atmospheric Environment 43 (2009) 1
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