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Ayanamsa Issue

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  Ayanamsa Issue - Views of Chandra Hari ====================================== - Article By Sreenadh Introduction ============ Chandra-Hari is an Indian Astrologer (job: ONGC Engineer), and is a true researcher on the ancient Indian astrology and astronomy. This article tries to present the core ideas of Hari in a comprehensible way. He has written 3 books on Ayanamsa. 1) A small book in English with the name True Ayanamsa published around 1994 when the idea srcinated. 2) A Book named Rasichakram in Malayalam published in 1996. 3) A very big book named Hindu Zodiac and Ancient Astronomy in English published around 2003 (Sri Sabarigiri Publications, Kadapra PO, Kumbanadu, Pin-689547 Price: Rs.600/-) In book named Rasichakram he postulates: Zero Ayanamsa year - AD.238; Ayanamsa - 46 min more than Lahari. But in his book Hindu Zodiac and Ancient Astronomy he modifies his arguments and postulates: Zero Ayanamsa year - AD.231; Ayanamsa - 44 min more than Lahari. This article presents the views of Chandra-Hari as given in his book Rasi-Chakram. I have tried my level best to compile his ideas in a systematic manner, keeping the continuity of the mathematical concept and the thought process involved. The mathematical portion of the ideas introduced by Chandra-Hari about the ayanamsa inherent in Surya-sidhantha and his ideas about the Rasi- chakra division is depicted. In his book (named Rasi-Chakram) Hari proposes that Zero Ayanamsa Year is AD.238 and that his ayanamsa is more than that of Lahari by 46 min. Let us try to understand how he arrived at these results. Analysis of Hari's Rationales ============================= Basic Rationale 1: ------------------ The zodiac srcinated mathematically, considering the revolution of the nodal points Rahu and Sikhi. Thus Ra-Si chakra is an abbreviation for Rahu-Sikhi Chakra. The rotation of these nodes is  in rhythm with the movement of equinox, if we consider the duration required for precession of 360 deg. [i.e. 25785 years means 1385 nirayana revolutions of Rahu-Sikhi. i.e. Nirayana revolution period of Rahu = 6792.977 days] Theoretically, or by intuition, he gives the following maths: - Rate of precession (of equinox) per year = 360 deg/25758 = 120 deg/8556=50.31446541 sec He says that, this (the importance of these numbers) can also be proved, considering the modern values of Nirayana and Sayana years. For example: Nirayana Year = 365.2563625 (Modern value) Sayana Year = 365.24219 (Modern value) The difference between 8586 sayana days and 8586 nirayana days = -121.684 days i.e. precession of equinox in 8586 years = 119 deg 56 min = 120 deg [This also indicates that the year length used in old-suryasidhantha is little different. The year-length considered in old-suryasidhantha is 365.25875 days. The why of it would be explained in Rationale 4] Using the above method we can also prove that 25758 nirayana years is equal to 25759 sayana years. Basic Rationale 2: ------------------ The importance of yuga numbers is that they are precession seconds (in precession circle). Kali-yuga = 432,000 sec = 120 x 3600 sec = 120 deg = 8586 Years This holds good if and only if, this period contains the complete revolutions of the 7 planets and the nodes (Rahu-Sikhi). To prove it he gives the following table. The importance of the number 8586 is emphasized. ---- ---------- Complete-revolution & Nirayana-revolution Period ---- ---------- Planet In Quarter Yuga In Maha Yuga Kalpa Nirayana rev. period (8586 years) (85860 years) (86546880 years)  (Modern Value) ---- ---------- Sun 8586 85860 86546880 365.2563624 365.2563624 365.2563624 365.2563624 ---- ---------- Moon 114784 1147840 157023263 27.32167486 27.32167486 27.32166204 27.3216615 (27 d 07 h 43 m11.6 s) (27 d 07 h 43 m 11.55 s) ---- ---------- Mars 4565 45650 46015614 686.9860082 686.9860082 686.9798274 686.97982 ---- ---------- Mercury 35649 356498 359350528 87.97136 87.969389 87.9692559 87.969256 ---- ---------- Jupiter 724 7238 7296284 4331.675 4332.8144 4332.5888 4332.589 ---- ---------- Satern 291 2915 2938110 10776.94546 10758.46013 10759.22908 10759.23 ---- ---------- Venus 13957 13567 140683961 224.6966488 224.7914787 224.7007998 224.70080 ---- ---------- Rahu 461.5 4616 4653263 6795.430 6793.9582 6793.46934 6793.469 ---- ---------- Vernal 120 deg 1200 deg Equinox (0.333...) (3.333...) (3360) 432,000 sec 432,000,0 sec 432,000,0 sec x 1008 revolutions revolutions revolutions ----  ---------- Thus we see that, yuga numbers could actually mean precession seconds. Therefore, now we could say, Kali-yuga = 432,000 sec = 120 x 3600 sec = 120 deg = 8586 Years Dwapara-yuga = 864,000 sec = 240 deg precession = 17172 years Tretha-yuga = 1,296,000 sec = 360 deg precession = 25758 years Kritha-yuga = 1,728,000 sec = 480 deg Deg precession = 34344 years Maha-yuga = 4,320,000 sec = 1200 deg precession = 85860 nirayana years Manuvanthara = 86400 deg precession Kalpa = 3360 deg precession According to Vedic astrology the Kalpa began on a new-moon day/Sunday/first day of Aris (mesha)/and the planetary longitudes (sputa) of all the planets were zero. Thus, theoretically all this means that, each yuga-pada (8586 years) starts and ends in a new-moon day, and that at the start and end of each yuga-pada a solar eclipse occurs. (It is a pre-supposition put forward by old-Suryasidhantha and the above maths. It must be theoretical reasoning followed by old- Suryasidhantha) But it actually does not happen. The why of it would become clear when we see rational 4) Basic Rationale 3: ------------------ Kali-yugadi Ayanamsa is 46 deg 40 sec. [He depends on the story that the birth of Brahma was in Rohini Nakshathra. Rohini was also praised as Prajapathi, i.e. Brahma, in Vedas] i.e. Vernal equinox at the beginning of Kali-yugadi = 46 deg 40 sec Therefore, Zero Ayanamsa years (elapsed) = 46 deg 40 sec x (8586/120 deg) = 3339 Here a striking similarity attracts our attention. 3339 is an Rig-vedic number. Rig-veda (3.9.9) says of 3339 devas who worship Agni . If Agni really means vernal equinox, then this could mean, the vernal equinox is 3339 years away from zero point . i.e. After 3339 kali years the sayana and nirayana zodiacs super conjuncts. Whether depend on the above maths or on the Rig- vedic statement, we arrive at the same conclusion.
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