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  MADHYA PRADESH DARSHAN – III EDITION RURAL IMMERSION 2011 Group   37  ‐ BARWANI   Kriti   Sethi   Gunit   Ahluwalia   Baljindar   Singh   Mrinal   Mishra   Deepak   Azad   Gaurav   Garg   Gaurav   Gupta   Vemb   V    Basic   Statistics   about   Barwani:   Barwani  ( ब वा ी  ), also known as Badwani*, is a district situated in the south west part of Madhya Pradesh, India near the left bank of the Narmada River. It was formed on 25th May 1998  by carving out an area of West-Nimar, Khargone district. Barwani can be reached only by road and the nearest airport and railway station are located at Indore which is 160 KM away from Barwani. Barwani is famous for housing Bawangaja, a Jain pilgrimage place. Rajghat (Ghat at Narmada River in Barwani) has Samadhi of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The temperature of Barwani in April and May goes as high as 48'C, making it one of the hottest places in India. Barwani is surrounded by the great hills of Satpura and by the forest ranges Satpuda  (in South) and Vindhyachal  (in North). Population of Barwani is 13,85,659 (2011 census) with a growth rate of 27.50% in the decade. Barwani is known for its Papayas and custard apples. Cotton and red chillies are also grown widely. Things we did in Barwani: Day Things we did 1.   28 th  Nov ‘11 Met with collector, other officials of district and paid a visit to CMHO in the district hospital 2.   29 th  Nov ‘11 Attended the jan sunwaayi and visited the zila panchaayat 3.   30 th  Nov ‘11 Met with the chief excise officer, went along with him on a raid on trucks carrying mined materials and visited sand mines and stone quandries 4.   1 st  Dec ‘11 Went to sendhwa district to see river revival work going on in the district 5.   2 nd  Dec ‘11 Visited the tribal areas, NGO’s working in these areas. Also visited cottage industries making handicrafts etc 6.   3 rd  Dec ‘11 Visited sukrisht chaatrawas and Bawangaja We   started   our   first   day   in   Barwani   with   an   interaction   with   the   district   collector   Mrs   Renu   Tiwary   along   with   other   district   officials.   In   the   interaction   she   explained   to   us,   the   conditions   prevailing   in   rural   india,   the   various   programmes   being   undertaken   by   the   government   to   alleviate   the   condition   of    the   poor,   the   basic   structure   of    the   administrative   hierarchy,   how   the   implementation   of    these   programs   takes   place.   We   were   also   told   about   the   distribution   of    population   in   the   different   villages   across   Barwani.   In   barwani   district   the   villages   are   really   scattered   and   usually   it   is   seen   that   a   collection   of    around   10 ‐ 20   households   called   a   samlate   is   formed.   The name  Badwani  srcinated from the forests of  BAD  which had surrounded the city in old times. WANI   is the old word for the Garden. Hence city got its name  BADWANI   which means Garden of Bads . Barwani is still pronounced as Badwani but it spells Barwani    The   collector’s   office   receives   huge   amounts   of    mail   on   a   daily   basis   which   may   have   correspondence   which   ranges   in   nature   from   very   important   to   relatively   unimportant.   The   collector’s    job   includes   going   through   this   mail   and   carrying   out   the   execution   of    instructons   given   from   the   top   rungs   of    the   hierarchy   about   implementation   of    either   old   or   new   schemes,   programs   etc.   The   collector   also   told   us   about   the   finer   aspects   of    her    job   and   about   how   an   IAS   is   trained.   She   elaborated   upon   the   kind   of    training   that   is   imparted   in   their   training   centre   in   mussourie   after   which   officers   are   sent   to   tate   headquarters   for   training.   Even   after   that   there   is   continuous   on   the    job   training   that   continues   perpetually   because   of    the   huge   expanse   of    knowledge   required.   We   were   then   told   about   the   appraisal   structure   of    administrative   departments   and   about   the   way   in   which   the   collector   has   to   use   a   mix   of    power   trust   and   charm   to   keep   the   workings   of    the   district   smooth.   We   went   through   a   number   of    government   schemes   such   as   Janani   Yojana,   Mangal   Divas,   Janani   express,   Vivah   Yojana,   Indravaas   Yojana,   Sparsh   Yojana,   Employment   fairs   etc.   We   then   moved   on   to   understanding   the   roles   of    a   collector   as   a   district   head.   The   collector   serves   as   the   head   of    the   law   and   order   department   as   the   district   magistrate.   If    there   is   any   agitation   in   a   district,   it   is   the   collector   who   authorizes   the   use   of    lathi   charge   or   tear   gas   etc.   The   collector   is   also   the   head   for   the   revenue   department,   and   forest   and   agricultural   department.   She   serves   as   the   executor   of    all   the   schemes(there   ate   30 ‐ 50   schemes)   laid   down   by   the   state   and   center   at   the   district   level   .   She   has   dual   control   through   both   the   state   and   central   acts.   The   biggest   role   of    the   collector   is   that   of    coordinator   between   the   different   departments   and   authorities   present   in   the   district.   After   our   conversation   with   the   collector,   we   left   for   the   district   hospital   where   we   met   up   with   the   CMHO   (Chief    Medical   and   Health   Officer   of    the   district)   Dr.   Neema.   Dr   Neema   identified   illiteracy   as   the   biggest   problem   plaguing   the   district.   He   said   that   60 ‐ 70%   of    the   population   of    the   district   was   tribal   and   because   of    their   illiteracy   and   ignorance,   was   not   utilizing   the   benefits   and   schemes   given   by   the   government.   He   told   us   in   detail   about   the   programmes   undertaken   for   ensuring   good   mother   and   child   health   in   the   district.   Janani   Suraksha   yojana   and    janani   express   were   2   such   schemes.   Janani   express   is   a   unique   facility   given   to   pregnant   women   throughout   the   district   that   keeps   cars   on   their   disposal,   such   that   they   can   call   a   car   as   soon   as   they   get   into   labour.   This   car   would   get   them   to   the   nearest   govt.   hospital   and   therefore   this   scheme   aims   to   promote   child   birth   in   hospitals   which   would   thereafter   lead   to   better   knowledge   about   the   various   health   aspects   of    the   child   and   also   about   the   vaccinations   and   medication   that   should   be   given   to   the   child.      Dr   Neema   explained   he   structure   of    the   hierarchy   in   the   health   department   of    the   district   which   is   elaborated   in   the   diagram   given   below:   We   also   met   the   chief    excise   officer   of    barwani.   Barwani   has   mines   of    calcite   and   sand.   We   also   went   with   the   chief    excise   officer   on   a   raid   to   a   sand   mine,   a   stone   quandary   and   also   stopped   trucks   mid   way   to   check   for   royalty   slips.   Whenever   some   person   or   organization   wants   to   mine   a   piece   of    land   for   some   mineral,   he   has   to   take   permission   from   the   government   to   do   so.   The   government   in   turn   assesses   the   kind   and   amount   of    minerals   present   on   the   land   and   gives   the   rights   of    mining   to   that   entity   for   a   certain   amount.   The   entity   is   also   given   x   number   of    royalty   slips   which   are   to   be   used   while   the   transportation   of    the   mined   mineral.   In   case   the   government   has   given   royalty   slips   for   only   a   certain   volume   of    ore/mineral   and   the   amount   mined   is   greater   than   that,   then   the   miner   will   have   to   pay   additional   royalty   to   the   government   and   procure   more   royalty   slips.   A   truck   carrying   the   mined   commodity   is   supposed   to   posess   that   royalty   slip   for   the   mineral   along   with   it   for   the   excise   officer   to   know   that   it   is   legitimate.   In   order   to   save   money   on   royalty,   the   miners   often   send   trucks   without   paying   royalty   to   the   government.   But   in   case   such   a   truck   is   caught   by   the   excise   department,   they   will   have   to   pay   a   fine   of    ten   times   CMHO   CHC   CS   (Dist.   Hospital)   Block   level   PHC   Sector   Level   Sub   centre   village   Asha  


Jul 23, 2017
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