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Belarus 1523 OM -Series Manual

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Operating manual of tractor full
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    BELARUS 1523/1523  В  1523.3/1523  В. 3 1523 – 0000010 РЭ   OPERATING MANUAL 2009    The Operating Manual has been compiled by engineer УКЭР -1, M.V.Gutko with the participation of the leading specialists of the УКЭР -1 of the Minsk Tractor Works Republican Unitary Enterprise Editor-in-chief: Director of the Scientific Research Centre Chief Designer I.N.Uss Supervisor for the Issue: Chief of КБ   ЭД , O.N. Natalevich The Operating Manual provides a brief description of, and specifications for the BELARUS-1523/1523 В /1523.3/1523 В .3 tractors manufactured by the Minsk Tractor Works. The basic rules of operation of the machines are stated and the information for adjustment and maintenance of them is provided. The Manual is intended for tractor drivers operating the BELARUS tractors. In view of the MTW Production Association’s policy of pursuing the constant improvement of the products manufactured, the design of individual component parts may be subjected to modifications not covered by this edition. For more details, please, contact your BELARUS dealer. © Minsk Tractor Plant Republican Unitary Enterprise, 2009  All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without written permission of the Minsk Tractor Works Republican Unitary Enterprise.  BELARUS-  1523/1523В  /1523.3   /1523В.3   Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Page TO THE OPERATORS’ ATTENTION  ...................................................................... 3 INTRODUCTION  ...................................................................................................... 4 INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS  .................................................................................. 5 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS  ...................................................................................... 7 BRIEF DESCRIPTION  ............................................................................................. 15 TECHNICAL DATA  .................................................................................................. 19 DRIVE CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION  ..................................................... 27 CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION  ...................................................................... 57 Engine ............................................................................................................ 57 Clutch ............................................................................................................ 72 Gearbox ............................................................................................................ 80 Creeper ............................................................................................................ 92 Rear Axle ............................................................................................................ 96 Rear Power Takeoff ............................................................................................. 101 Front Power Takeoff ............................................................................................. 104 Front Driving Axle ................................................................................................. 108 Brakes ............................................................................................................ 119 Pneumatic Actuator of the Trailer Brakes ............................................................. 132 Hydrostatic Power Steering .................................................................................. 135 Running Gears. Tractor Wheels ........................................................................... 143 Hydraulic Lift Linkage ........................................................................................... 147 Rear Hitch Linkage ............................................................................................... 162 Front Hitch Linkage .............................................................................................. 165 Cab Ventilation and Heating System .................................................................... 166 Cab Heating and Air-Conditioning System ........................................................... 167 Electric Equipment................................................................................................ 172 TRACTOR PRE-OPERATION  ................................................................................. 174 AGGREGATING THE TRACTOR WITH AGRICULTURAL MACHINES AND IMPLE-MENTS  ............................................................................................................ 182 TROUBLESHOOTING  ............................................................................................. 215 TRACTOR TRANSPORTATION AND TOWING  ..................................................... 241 SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE  ................................................................................ 242 TRACTOR STORAGE  ............................................................................................. 279 APPENDICES  .......................................................................................................... 280  BELARUS-  1523/1523В  /1523.3   /1523В.3   Introduction 3 TO THE OPERATORS’ ATTENTION: 1. Prior to proceeding to operation of the tractor, read carefully this Manual and strictly follow all the instructions related to operation and maintenance of the tractor. 2. Be sure to run in the tractor for initial 30 hours. Right up to Maintenance Service 1 (125 h), the diesel-engine loading should not exceed 80 % percent of its power rat-ing. 3. Your tractor is equipped with a speed-range type transmission gearbox. The ranges are switched over by means of tooth-type flexible clutches, while the gears within the range are shifted by means of synchronizers. To engage a range: — depress the clutch pedal completely and allow the tractor to come to a standstill; — then gently, without jerks, select the desired range using the range engage-ment lever; — release smoothly the clutch pedal. To engage a gear: — depress the clutch pedal completely; — shift the change-over stick smoothly, without jerks, and hold it in this drawn-in position until the gear is fully engaged; — release smoothly the clutch pedal. While on move, gear-shifting within the range should only be made during transport mis-sion, running on hard-surfaced or natural, unpaved roads. When a machine-and-tractor rig is operating off-roads (ploughed fields, peat deposit sites, sandy soils, etc.), NEVER  shift gears because of the inevitable abrupt stopping of the combination. In this case, negotiate such a terrain in a pre-selected gear. Failure to follow the above instructions could result in premature wear of gears and tooth-type flexible clutch splines as well as in synchronizers damage. IMPORTANT!  If, with the clutch pedal completely depressed, changing of ranges and gears is accompanied by excessive gritting sound, call up your local “Belarus” dealer office to rectify the problem immediately. 4. Observe the rules of PTO engagement. When engaging and disengaging the PTO, move the PTO lever smoothly to avoid damage to the shafts, gears and/or PTO tail-piece. 5. The service and parking brakes should be only adjusted with the tractor placed on a level ground, with the engine stopped and the rear wheels choked in the front and the rear to prevent the tractor from accidental displacement. Re-equipment and/or modification of the tractor without manufacturer’s agree-ment are prohibited.
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