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Bernoulli Theorem FM24 Complete Manual

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bernoulli experiment
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   EXPERIMENTAL MANUALMODEL: FM 24 SOLUTION ENGINEERING SDN. BHD. NO.3, JALAN TPK 2/4, TAMAN PERINDUSTRIAN KINRARA,47100 PUCHONG, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN, MALAYSIA.TEL: 603-80758000 FAX: 603-80755784E-MAIL: solution@solution.com.myWEBSITE: www.solution.com.my SOLTEQ ®   EQUIPMENT FOR ENGINEERING EDUCATION 416-1010-FM  BERNOULLI’S THEOREMDEMONSTRATIONUNITBERNOULLI’S THEOREMDEMONSTRATIONUNIT  Table of Contents Page List of Figures.............................................................................................................................. i 1.0   INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................... 1  2.0   GENERAL DESCRIPTION  ........................................................................................... 2   2.1   Parts Identification ............................................................................................... 4 3.0 SUMMARY OF THEORY  3.1   Derivation Using Streamline Coordinates ............................................................ 5   3.2   Bernoulli’s Law .................................................................................................... 6   3.3   Static, Stagnation and Dynamic Pressures ......................................................... 6 3.4   Pressure Varies Along the Pipe......................................................................... 10 3.5   Venturi Meter ..................................................................................................... 10 4.0   GENERAL OPERATING PROCEDURE  4.1   General Start-up Procedures............................................................................. 12 4.2   General Shut-down Procedures ........................................................................ 13 5.0 GENERAL OPERATING PROCEDURES 5.1 Discharge Coefficient Determination ................................................................. 14 5.2 Flow Rate Measurement with Venturi Meter ………………………………... ....... 15 5.3 Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration .................................................................. 16 6.0 MAINTENANCE   AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ....................................................... 17 7.0 REFERENCES............................................................................................................ 18 APPENDIX A Experiment Data Sheets APPENDIX B Typical Experimental Results APPENDIX C Venturi Meter Drawing    i List of Figures Page Figure 1 Front View of Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration Unit (Model: FM24) 2 Figure 2 Top View of Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration Unit (Model: FM24) 2 Figure 3 Parts Identification Diagram   4   Figure 4 Measurement of Static Pressure 7 Figure 5 Measurement of Stagnation Pressure 8 Figure 6 Simultaneous Measurement of Stagnation and Static Pressures 9 Figure 7 The Venturi Tube 10  SOLTEQ ®   BERNOULLI’S THEOREM DEMONSTRATION UNIT (Model: FM 24) 1 1.0   INTRODUCTION Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration (Model: FM 24)  apparatus consists of a classical Venturi made of clear acrylic. A series of wall tappings allow measurement of the static pressure distribution along the converging duct, while a total head tube is provided to traverse along the centre line of the test section. These tappings are connected to a manometer bank incorporating a manifold with air bleed valve. Pressurization of the manometers is facilitated by a hand pump. This unit has been designed to be used with a Hydraulics Bench for students to study the characteristics of flow through both converging and diverging sections. During the experiment, water is fed through a hose connector and students may control the flow rate of the water by adjusting a flow regulator valve at the outlet of the test section. The venturi can be demonstrated as a means of flow measurement and the discharge coefficient can be determined. This test section can be used to demonstrate those circumstances to which Bernoulli’s Theorem may be applied as well as in other circumstances where the theorem is not sufficient to describe the fluid behavior.  
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