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  SodiumHypochlorite General Information for the Consumer  Revised 4/6/12 Odyssey Manufacturing Co. Manufacturers of Ultra-Chlor Bulk SodiumHypochlorite 144 Odyssey Massaro Boule!ard ampa# $% &&'1( )hone **-O+,SS, $lorida Only/ $a0 1&-'&*-2(  3esite5 www.odysseymanufacturing.comi  Sodium HypochloriteGeneral Information for the Consumer  Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction...................................................................................12.0 Chemistry of Sodium Hypochlorite................................................1 2.1 Relationship between Oidi!in #ower of Chlorine and Sodium Hypochlorite.........................................................................................................12.2Terms $sed to %efine the Stren th of Sodium Hypochlorite......................1 2.2.1&rams per 'iter of ()ailable Chlorine...............................................................12.2.2Trade #ercent of ()ailable Chlorine.................................................................12.2.*+ei ht #ercent of ()ailable Chlorine...............................................................12.2.,+ei ht #ercent of Sodium Hypochlorite...........................................................2 2.*Ratio of &allons of Sodium Hypochlorite to #ounds of Chlorine $sed......22.,Sodium Hypochlorite %ecomposition.........................................................* 2.,.1Chlorate -ormation #ath 1.............................................................................*2.,.2Chlorate -ormation #ath 2.............................................................................*2.,.*/inor decomposition pathway for Sodium Hypochlorite..................................., *.0Sodium Hypochlorite uality....................................................... *.1Stren th......................................................................................................*.23cess Sodium Hydroide 4caustic5...........................................................*.*Sodium Carbonate......................................................................................*.,Specific &ra)ity...........................................................................................*.Suspended solids.......................................................................................6*.Sodium Chlorate.........................................................................................7*.68ic9el : Copper..........................................................................................7*.7Iron..............................................................................................................;*.;<romate......................................................................................................;*.10 #erchlorate==========================.10 ,.0Transportation> Stora e> and Handlin Sodium Hypochlorite....10 ,.1Transportation...........................................................................................10 ,.1.1Tan9er Trailers...............................................................................................10,.1.2%OT 3empt #olyethylene Tan9s...................................................................11,.1.*> *0> 1>  and 2. allon drums and containers.........................................11 ,.2Stora e Tan9s...........................................................................................11 ,.2.1/aterials of Construction................................................................................11,.2.2#olyethylene..................................................................................................12,.2.*-iber lass Reinforced #lastic.........................................................................1*,.2.,Rubber 'ined Steel........................................................................................1,,.2. Titanium.......................................................................................................1, ,.2. Containment (reas........................................................................................1,,.2.6 Stora e Tan9 %esi n Considerations.............................................................1,.2.7Stora e Tan9 Tie?%owns................................................................................1,.2.;/iscellaneous Tan9 Components ..................................................................1 ii  ,.2.10 #ipin from <ul9 Stora e Tan9s ..................................................................1,.2.11 /iscellaneous Tan9 -ittin s and Connections...............................................17 ,.*/aterials of construction...........................................................................1; ,.*.1Incompatible materials of construction...........................................................1;,.*.2Compatible materials of construction.............................................................1; ,.,#umps.......................................................................................................20 ,.,.1Types and (pplications..................................................................................20,.,.2(uiliary 3@uipment.......................................................................................21 ,.#ipin ........................................................................................................2* ,..1#AC...............................................................................................................2*,..2 C#AC==============================...2,,..* (lternate #lastics to #AC #ipin =====...................................................2,,..,'ined #ipe......................................................................................................2,,..Titanium #ipe.................................................................................................2,,..-R# #ipe........................................................................................................2 ,. #ipe Support =..=========.==============..2,.6Aal)es.......................................................................................................2,.73ductors....................................................................................................2,.;&as9ets.....................................................................................................2,.10Instrumentation====.===================..=2,.11Handlin ....................................................................................................26 .0References................................................................................26 .1/inimi!in Chlorate Ion -ormation in %rin9in +ater when Hypochlorite Ion is the Chlorinatin ( ent......................................................................26.2The +ei ht #ercent %etermination of Sodium Hypochlorite> Sodium Hydroide> Sodium Carbonate and Sodium Chlorate in 'i@uid <leach 41205.........................................................................................................26.*Suspended Solids uality Test for <leach $sin Aacuum -iltration 4**605.......................................................................................................................26.,'i@uid Sodium Hypochlorite Specification 4;;5.........................................27.Sodium Hypochlorite Safety and Handlin > #amphlet ;........................27.Health 3ffects of %isinfectants and %isinfection Health 3ffects of %isinfectants and %isinfection <yproducts................................................27.6Sodium Hypochlorite -iber lass Reinforced #lastic 4-R#5 Stora e Tan9 Specification 420spec5..............................................................................27 iii  1. Introduction The purpose of this handboo9 is to pro)ide the consumer an understandin of the chemical properties of sodium hypochlorite and to further assist the consumer in the purchase> stora e> use and handlin of the product and associated e@uipment. 2. Chemistry of Sodium Hypochlorite Reactin chlorine and sodium hydroide produce Sodium HypochloriteB Cl 2   2 8aOH D 8aOCl  8aCl  H 2 O Chlorine Sodium Hydroide Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Chloride +ater 2.1 Relationship !et een #$idi%in& 'o er of Chlorine and SodiumHypochlorite /any consumers are currently replacin chlorine as with sodium hypochlorite as the oidi!in or disinfectin a ent. In order to calculate how much sodium hypochlorite is re@uired to replace the oidi!in power of chlorine> the followin eample is pro)ided. If a sodium hypochlorite is used to oidi!e iodide in a solution of acetic acid> the followin reaction occursB 8aOCl  2EI  2H(c D I 2   8aCl  2E(c  H 2 OIf chlorine is used to react with the same amount of iodide> the followin reaction occursBCl 2   2EI D I 2   2EClTherefore> a molecule of sodium hypochlorite will oidi!e the same amount of iodide as a molecule of chlorine. 2.2(erms )sed to *efine the Stren&th of Sodium Hypochlorite %ependin upon the re ion of the world> manufacturer> or industry> the sodium hypochlorite stren th can be identified usin se)eral different definitions. The terms to define the sodium hypochlorite stren th commonly used in the industry are as followsB 2.2.1Grams per +iter ,G'+- of vaila!le Chlorine The wei ht of a)ailable chlorine in rams in one liter of sodium hypochlorite is 9nown as the &#' or pl. This wei ht is determined by analysis and testin methods are a)ailablefrom many sources. Refer to reference .2. 2.2.2(rade 'ercent of vaila!le Chlorine  ( term often used to define the stren th of commercial bleaches. It is identical to rams per liter of a)ailable chlorine ecept the unit of )olume is 100 milliliters not one liter. Therefore the result is one tenth of the rams per liter. Trade F D pl a)ailable chlorine G 10 2.2.0ei&ht 'ercent of vaila!le Chlorine %i)idin the trade percent by the specific ra)ity of the solution i)es wei ht percent of a)ailable chlorine.+ei ht F a)ailable chlorine D pl G 410  specific ra)ity5 Or Trade F G specific ra)ity

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Jul 23, 2017
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