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  BAMBOO MODULAR SYSTEM (BMS) APPLICATION ON NEW ECO ARCHITECTURE FOR BUS SHELTER DESIGN (BAMBOO ARCHITECTURE).  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Sabrizaa Abd.Rashid 1 , Zafuan Husri 2 , Dr. Suzana Said 3 , Razali Kamisan 4 , Nordin Misnat 5 , Rahim Ismail 6 1&2 Centre for Knowledge & Understanding of Tropical Architecture & Interior (KUTAI) Universiti Teknologi MARA,UiTM (Perak), Seri Iskandar Campus, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia. 3&4 Department of Architecture,Faculty of Architecture,Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA,UiTM (Perak), Seri Iskandar Campus, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia. 5 Department of Interior Design,Faculty of Architecture,Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA,UiTM (Perak), Seri Iskandar Campus, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia.. 6 Design Principles Sdn Bhd, Pandan Indah Industrial Park 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. . 1 ,  2,  3 ,  4 , 5 ,  6   ABSTRACT - Through creativity and innovation, variety of pithy approach can be generated in order to achieve the aim of Sustainable Development and Green Technology in architecture. The use of natural materials such as bamboo is clearly seen to have an effective impact not only to control global or the earth warming in general, but also to gain the effectiveness of the product value for the industrial sector in particular. To begin with preliminary studies through consultation from FRIM regarding the selection of bamboo species until the next phase, the knowledge transfer through Bamboo Modular System (BMS) innovation to industrial partner which is Design Principle Sdn. Bhd seems to be successfully generating a variety of productivity outcomes that is not just limited to architecture, even extends to the furnitures production. The design phase is not only involved researchers, academicians and industry partner, but indirectly to some Architecture and Interior Design FSPU, UiTM Perak students. It is obvious that this system has been optimizing the use of bamboo efficiently with the consideration of bamboo structure strength through connection system in order to achieve both of aesthetical and the ability of structural support. The results of this study will highlight the collaborative green technology new concept in the design of the next building to be developed on commercial scale industries in Malaysia, particularly in line with the objectives of the National Green Technology Policy 2009. Keywords: Creativity and Innovation, Bamboo Architecture, Sustainable Development and Green Technology, Bamboo Modular System, Structure connection System.  APLIKASI SISTEM MODULAR BULUH (BMS) KEPADA REKABENTUK SENIBINA EKO BARU UNTUK PONDOK PERHENTIAN BUS (SENIBINA BULUH) ABSTRAK  –   Melalui kreativiti dan inovasi,pelbagai pendekatan bernas dapat dijana demi mencapai matlamat Pembangunan Mapan dan Teknologi Hijau di dalam Seni Bina. Penggunaan bahan semulajadi seperti buluh jelas dilihat memberi impak berkesan bukan sahaja kepada pengawalan suhu global mahupun bumi secara umumnya,malah turut menyumbang keberkesanan nilai produk kepada sektor industri khususnya. Bermula daripada kajian awal melalui khidmat nasihat FRIM berkenaan pemilihan spesis buluh sehingga fasa seterusnya, pemindahan ilmu melalui inovasi rekaan Sistem Modular Buluh (BMS) kepada rakan Industri iaitu Design Principle Sdn.Bhd dilihat berjaya menjana pelbagai hasil produktiviti yang bukan hanya terhad kepada Seni Bina,malah meluas kepada penghasilan produk perabot. Fasa rekabentuk bukan hanya melibatkan penyelidik,ahli akademia dan rakan industri sahaja,tetapi secara tidak langsung pemindahan ilmu turut berlaku kepada beberapa pelajar Seni Bina dan Rekabentuk Hiasan Dalaman FSPU,UiTM Perak. Dapat dilihat sistem ini mengoptimumkan penggunaan bahan buluh secara efisyen dengan mengambil kira kekuatan struktur buluh melalui rangkaian sistem sambungan untuk mencapai kedua-dua nilai estetik dan keupayaan sokongan struktur.   Hasil kerjasama kajian ini akan mengetengahkan konsep teknologi hijau yang baru dalam reka bentuk bangunan seterusnya dapat diperkembangkan secara komersil kepada bidang industri di Malaysia khususnya selaras dengan objektif Dasar Teknologi Hijau Negara 2009.   Katakunci : Kreativiti dan Inovasi, Senibina Buluh, Pembangunan Mapan dan Teknologi Hijau,Sistem Modular Buluh,Sistem sambungan struktur, . 1.0 INTRODUCTION  Sustainable development concept and green technology is one of the solution to the various development problems faced by the world nowadays. One of the detail definition of Sustainable Development had been discussed in World Commission on Environment, whereas the sustainable development is termed as something that fulfill the current needs without affecting the ability of future generations to fulfill their own needs (A. Eliot, 2006). When the explanation is adapted to the architectural perspective, it seems to be focusing on the finding of architectural solution which guaranteed the prosperity to the existence of three groups of constituent which are; the elements of non-organic, living organism and human being (Jong-Jin Kim & Brenda Ridgon, 1998). The consequences of the awareness has brought to the introduction of three principles in order to realized the sustainable development in architecture, which are the Economic Resources, Life Cycle Design and Humanity Design (Jong-Jin Kim & Brenda Rigdon, 1998). The three principles focusing on nature and natural resources to be applied on Sustainable or Eco Architecture. The natural construction materials contain lower toxic energy if compared to the man-made materials. It is easier to handle, non-polluting wh and well- known as renewable resources (Jong-Jin Kim & Brenda Ridgon, 1998). Bamboo is known as one of the natural resources which is suitable to be used as construction materials that help in generating Sustainable  Architectural concept. This paper will discuss on the design of the Bamboo Bus Shelter using Modular System as the design concept whereby this concept is then transferred to the industrial party to be applied for the production of the local and international products.     2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW   2.1 Bamboo as New Eco Archıtecture for Sustaınable Development   Bamboo is well known as renewable natural resource with simple physical attributes. It is environmentally friendly; the waste from the development is proven to be non-polluting and easily disposed. Through new technology in preservation and conservation, bamboo construction will be more durable with better performance. Currently, there are many types of designs that are able to solve problems which exist in bamboo architecture over the years. With simple drawings and constant follow up and finally with model constructed we can fill the technological gap by adding the scientific knowledge and technological expertise to make bamboo more acceptable and stronger, durable and more practical (Nwoke & Ugwuishiwu, 2011). Figure 1  –  2 shows the versatility of bamboo as a structural materials. Typically, sustainability of the built environment is focused on the use of local materials its adaptation to utilize the natural resources in the local environment. By adapting them to the surroundings, for example, the building then will utilize the natural resources of light, ventilation, and vegetation to allow it to operate more efficiently. The main goal is to reduce the impact on the environment of the building and its use and occupancy, as well as to minimize the operation costs of the building during its lifespan (Sharma, 2010). 2.2 Cube Modular System Design The idea of using cube structure as modular system is the basic method to the structural construction. Although it seems like a simple shape, it is suitable to the natural shape of bamboo as the building materials for the bus shelter to be constructed. The cube structure is easier to be handled especially in term of storage where the components are separated based on their functions. Moreover, it is portable and easily functional with other component in future usage (Eisenmann, 2013). Cube modular buildings are identical to traditional structures where the system offers a wide range of options as to the final appearance. The speed of construction on site is incomparably faster than using traditional building procedures (Cubespace, 2010). There is one interesting finding regarding modular cubes from an artist named Sol Lewitt when he started to do some research on an open modular cube. The Figure 1. Bamboo Pavilion at Expo2000 in Hannover, Germany, by architect Simon Velez (photos by Darrel DeBoer) Figure 2. Wind & Water Bar,Binhduong,Vietnam  Architect : Vo Trong Nghia  research revealed on the various combination cube structures to function not only as the aesthetical elements but also to the architectural and engineering perspectives. Figure 3 shows Sol LeWitt’s modular structures srcinated from his exploration of the cube, which was the form that inspired him throughout his career. The structures are designed and created in painted wood, or painted or baked enamel on aluminum (East, 2010). 3.0 METHODOLOGY 3.1 BMS Application For Bamboo Bus Shelter Design The design of the Eco Bus Shelter was produced by UiTM Perak’s students with supervision by the faculty members from the Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Quantity Surveying who are actively involved in KUTAI activity. The design process was carried in two phases; the production of concept and ideas, then the improvement and development of the design. The two phases were done according to the expertise available at KUTAI. Product suitability is determined by the Design Principles Sdn. Bhd. as an industry pioneer. Figure 4. Modular Open Cube, 1976 by Sol Lewitt.Source :  Figure 3. Sol LeWitt, Structure with Three Towers, 1986, wood painted white, 4’ 3/4” x 11 1/2’ x 4’ 1/2”, 48 x 138 x 48 1/2 in. (121.9 x 350.5 x 123.2cm) © 2011 TheLeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Source :  Figure 5. Design concept from FSPU Students & KUTAI Academia UiTM Perak highlighting a Bamboo Modular System (BMS) as structural systems based on bamboo bus shelter.
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