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BNF Key Words

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BNF Key words  Hysterectomy= removal of womb  Zollinger Ellison syndrome= gastric secretin tumour (thus recurrent ulcers)  Agoraphobia= fear/phobia and avoidance of situations that can provoke anxiety  Dysarthria= disorder of speech (inability to speak)  Delirium tremens= acute brain failure/ confusional state/ abnormalities of thought/ perception/awareness when talking to the patient  Prodromal= premonitory symptom to indicate onset of disease  Perforated eardrum= a torn eardrum (not us
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  BNF Key words Hysterectomy = removal of womb Zollinger Ellison syndrome = gastric secretin tumour (thus recurrent ulcers)  Agoraphobia = fear/phobia and avoidance of situations that can provoke anxiety Dysarthria = disorder of speech (inability to speak) Delirium tremens = acute brain failure/ confusional state/ abnormalities of thought/ perception/awareness when talking to the patient Prodromal = premonitory symptom to indicate onset of disease Perforated eardrum = a torn eardrum (not usually serious, which heals on its own). Complications include infection in middle ear/ hearing loss. Astringent preparations= Visceral pain = visceral organs are sensitive to stretch (e.g. pelvic/abdominal organs). Accompanied with nausea, vomiting, and emotional manifestation. Hypertrichosis = excessive hair growth over the body (e.g. caused by topical corticosteroid) Galactorrhoea = nipple discharge (e.g. caused by cimetidine) Gynaecomastia = enlargement of male breast (e.g. caused by bumetanide/ clonidine) Colour irides = (irides is plural of iris) Halitosis = bad breath (e.g. caused by disulfiram)    Granulomatos lesions  = (e.g. caused by isotretinoin) Mydriasis = excess dilatation of pupil Posterior synechiae/ uveitis = inflammation of uveal tract (vascular layer of the eye ball) Iridotomy = surgical incision in the iris of the eye in order to enlarge the pupil or to treat closed-angle glaucoma Iridectomy = surgical removal of a part of the iris Phaeochromocytoma = tumour secreting epinephrine (thus sustained HPT) Stevens johnsons syndrome (JSJ)=  immune complex mediate hypersensitivity disorder (range from mild to severe and sometime fatal lesions). Mostly caused by drugs (sulfonamides, carbamazepine/phenobarbital/phenytoin/valproic acid/lamotrigine/NSAIDs/Salicylates/Sertraline Narcolepsy = chronic problem that affects sleep (excessive tiredness daytime, but disturbed night sleep. Also sometimes associated with cataplexy (sudden loss of control over some of your muscles). Purpura = rash of purple spots caused by internal bleeding Reynau d’s syndrome =disease characterized by spasm of the arteries in the extremities, especially in fingers (typically triggered by constant cold or vibration, leading to pallor pain, numbness and in severe cases gangrene. Transient ischaemic attack=  a mini-stroke because symptoms are not permanent as with  stroke, because they completely go away within 24 hours. Percutaneous coronary intervention = balloon angioplasty to widen coronary artery Croup = a common childhood illness caused by inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (especially larynx and trachea) due to viral infection. Oculogyric crisis = name of dystonic reaction to certain drugs characterized by a prolonged involuntary upward deviation of the eyes Pancytopenia = reduction in red, white blood cells and platelets (if only two parameters from the full blood count are low, the term bicytopenia can be used). Chorea = movement disorder (dystonia). Irregular movement of body which flit from one part of the body to another. Prosthetic joint implant  = Intraperitoneal catheter =  Apnoea = Perioral parasteshea = Dysphonia = hoarseness/ difficulty in speaking due to odema of the laryngeal lining Mastalgia = breast pain Paget’s disease = affectes structure of bones, causing bone pain (no treatment available), but bisphosphonate given for bone pain Puerperium = means postnatal care. 6-week period following birth.this is the time when changes occur back to the non-pregnant state.    Priapism = is an emergency requiring hydration and analgesia. When erect penis does not return to its flaccid state (very painful). WHO Performance/ Karnofsky score = ability to perform ordinary tasks Glioma = brain cancer Non-hodgkins lymphoma =  Aplasia = born without a certain organ/ tissue G6PD deficiency = Spondylitis   Sensitization =  Autism = In-vitro =  Amnesia = partial or total loss of memory  Asthenia = abnormal physical weakness/ lack of energy Xerostomia = dry mouth (common with antimuscarinics) Xeropthalmia = dry eyes Hypertonia = too much muscle tone, so arm and legs become stiff Hyperflexia  = overactive reflexes Nystagmus = uncontrolled movement of eyes occurs in children Bowel Anastomosis = surgical cross conne ctions of hollow tubes  
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