of 18
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  Buddhism The Buddha:   ã The Buddha also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata. ã Born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima Day at Lumbini near !a ila#astu$ in %e al. ã &is 'ather Suddhodana was the Saka ruler. ã &is mother (ahamaya) o' !osala dynastry$ died a'ter * days o' his birth. Brought u by ste mother +autami. ã (arried at ,6 to -oshodhara. n/oyed the married li'e 'or ,3years and had a son named 0ahula. ã 1'ter seeing an old man) a si2k man) a 2or se and an as2eti2) he de2ided to be2ome a wanderer. ã Le't his ala2e at 4 in sear2h o' truth also 2alled (ahabhinishkramana or The +reat 0enuni2ation$ and wandered 'or 6 years. ã 1ttained nlightenment at 35 at +aya in (agadha Bihar$ under the Pi al tree. ã Deli#ered the 'irst sermon at Sarnath where his 'i#e dis2i les had settled. &is 'irst sermon is 2alled Dharma2hakra ra2artan or Turning o' the 7heel o' Law. ã 1ttained (aha arinir#ana at !ushinagar identi2al with #illage !asia in Deoria distri2t o' 8P$ in 9:3 BC at the age o' :; in the (alla re ubli2. Buddhist Councils:   ã First Council: 1t 0a/griha) in 9:3 BC under the Chairmanshi o' (ehakassaa a king was 1/atshatru$. Di#ided the tea2hings o' Buddha into two Pitakas<Vinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka. ã Second Council: 1t Vaishali) in 3:3 BC under Sabakami !ing was !alasoka$.=ollowers di#ided into Stha#irmadins and (ahasanghikas. ã Third Council: 1t Patali utra) in 5; BC under (ogali utta Tissa !ing was 1shoka$ >n this) the third art o' the Tri itaka was 2oded in the Pali language. ã Fourth council: 1t !ashmir !undal#an$) in * 1D under Vasumitra !ing was !anishka) Vi2e<Chairman was 1shwaghosha$. Di#ided Buddhism into (ahayana and &inayana se2ts. Buddist Literature: >n Pali language. Vinaya Pitaka:  0ules o' dis2i line in the Buddhist monasteries. Sutta Pitaka: Largest) 2ontains 2olle2tion o' Buddhas sermons. Abhidhamma Pitaka: ? lanation o' the hiloso hi2al rin2i les o' the Buddhist religion  Newspaper ournals Newspaper/Journal Founder/Editor Bengal +a@ette,*:;$ >ndias 'irst news a er$A.!.&ikki!esariB.+.Tilak(aharattaB.+.TilakSudharak+.!.+okhale1mrita Ba@ar PatrikaSisir !umar +hosh and (otilal +hoshVande (ataram1urobindo +hosh%ati#e  inionV.%.(andalik!a#i#a2han SudhaBhartendu &arish2handra0ast +o'tar =irst news a er in +u/arati$Dadabhai %aoro/i%ew >ndia 7eekly$Bi in Chandra PalStatesman0obert !night&induVir 0agha#a2harya and +.S.1iyarSandhyaB.B.8 adhyayaVi2har Lahiri!rishnashastri Chi lunkar&indu Patriot+irish Chandra +hosh later &arish Chandra (ukher/i$Som Prakash>shwar Chandra Vidyasagar-ugantarBhu endranath Datta and Barinder !umar +hoshBombay Chroni2le=iro@e Shah (ehta&industan(.(.(al#iya(ooknayakB.0.1mbedkarComrade(ohammed 1liTah@ib<ul<1khlaSir Syyed 1hmed !han1l<&ilal1bdul !alam 1@ad1l<Balagh1bdul !alam 1@ad>nde endent(otilal %ehruPun/abiLala La/ at 0ai%ew >ndia Daily$1nnie BesantCommonweal1nnie BesantPrata +anesh Shankar Vidyarthissays in >ndian 2onomi2s(.+.0anadeSam#ad !aumudi Bengali$0am (ohan 0oy(irat<ul<1khbar0am (ohan 0oy 'irst Persian news a er$>ndian (irrorDe#endra %ath Tagore%a# Aee#an(.!.+andhi  -oung >ndia(.!.+andhi&ari/an(.!.+andhiPrabudha BharatSwami Vi#ekananda8dbodhanaSwami Vi#ekananda>ndian So2ialistShyam/i !rishna VermaTalwar in Berlin$Birendra %ath Chatto adhyaya=ree &industan in Van2ou#er$Tarak %ath Das&industan Times!.(.Pannikar!ranti(ira/kar) Aoglekar) +hate  Viceroys ! #ndia Lord Cannin$ %&'() * &')+,: ã The last +o#ernor +eneral and the 'irst Vi2eroy. ã (utiny took la2e in his time. ã n %o#) ,:5:) the rule assed on to the 2rown. ã 7ithdrew Do2trine o' La se. ã The 8ni#ersities o' Cal2utta) Bombay and (adras were established in ,:5*. ã >ndian Coun2ils 12t was assed in ,:6,. Lord -l$in %&')+ * &').,Lord Lawrence %&')/ * &')0,: ã Telegra hi2 2ommuni2ation was o ened with uro e. ã &igh Courts were established at Cal2utta) Bombay and (adras in ,:65. ã ? anded 2anal works and railways. ã Created the >ndian =orest de artment. Lord 1ayo %&')0 * &'2+,: ã Started the ro2ess o' 'inan2ial de2entrali@ation in >ndia. ã stablished the 0a/kot 2ollege at !athiarwar and (ayo College at 1/mer 'or the >ndian rin2es. ã =or the 'irst time in >ndian history) a 2ensus was held in ,:*,. ã rganised the Statisti2al Sur#ey o' >ndia. ã 7as the only Vi2eroy to be murdered in o''i2e by a Pathan 2on#i2t in the 1ndamans in ,:*. Lord Northbrook %&'2+ * &'2),:Lord Lytton %&'2) * &''3,: ã !nown as the Vi2eroy to re#erse 2hara2ters. ã rganised the +rand Delhi Durbar in ,:** to de2orate ueen Vi2toria with the title o'  !aiser E > E &ind. ã 1rms 12t,:*:$ made it mandatory 'or >ndians to a2uire li2ense 'or arms. ã Passed the in'amous Verna2ular Press 12t ,:*:$. Lord 4ipon %&''3 * &''/,: ã Liberal erson) who sym athi@ed with >ndians. ã 0e eated the Verna2ular Press 12t ,::$ ã Passed the lo2al sel' E go#ernment 12t ,::$ ã Took ste s to im ro#e rimary F se2ondary edu2ation on 7illiam &unter Commissions re2ommendations$. ã The > =a2tory 12t) ,::,) aimed at rohibiting 2hild labour. ã Passed the libert Bill ,::3$ whi2h enabled >ndian distri2t magistrates to try uro ean 2riminals. But this was withdrawn later. Lord 5u erin %&''/ * &''',:
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks