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C_chap01

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basic c programming ppt.
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    2000 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 1  –   Introduction to Computers and C++ Programming Outline   1.1 Introduction 1.2 What Is a Computer? 1.3 Computer Organization 1.4 Evolution of Operating Systems 1.5 Personal Computing, Distributed Computing and Client/Server Computing 1.6 Machine Languages, Assembly Languages and High-level Languages   1.7 The History of C 1.8 The C Standard Library 1.9 The Key Software Trend: Object Technology 1.10 C++ and C++ How to Program 1.11 Java and Java How to Program 1.12 Other High-level Languages 1.13 Structured Programming 1.14 The Basics of a typical C Program Development Environment   1.15 Hardware Trends 1.16 History of the Internet 1.17 History of the World Wide Web 1.18 General Notes About C and this Book      2000 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.1 Introduction  –  We will learn the C programming language  –  Learn structured programming and proper programming techniques  –  Chapter 15 - Introduction to C++, a superset of C (more later)  –  This course is appropriate for  –  Technically oriented people with little or no programming experience  –  Experienced programmers who want a deep and rigorous treatment of the language    2000 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.2 What is a Computer? ã Computer     –  Device capable of performing computations and making logical decisions  –  Computers process data under the control of sets of instructions called computer programs   ã Hardware  –  Various devices comprising a computer  –  Keyboard, screen, mouse, disks, memory, CD-ROM, and  processing units ã Software    –  Programs that run on a computer    2000 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.3 Computer Organization ã Six logical units  in every computer: 1.Input unit ã Obtains information from input devices (keyboard, mouse) 2.Output unit ã Outputs information (to screen, to printer, to control other devices) 3.Memory unit ã  Rapid access, low capacity, stores input information 4.Arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) ã Performs arithmetic calculations and logic decisions 5.Central processing unit (CPU)   ã Supervises and coordinates the other sections of the computer 6.Secondary storage unit   ã Cheap, long-term, high-capacity storage, stores inactive programs

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Jul 23, 2017
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