1. CANADA Unit Study of Canada For homeschooling families. 2. O Canada! National Anthem Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command. quot;O…
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  • 1. CANADA Unit Study of Canada For homeschooling families.
  • 2. O Canada! National Anthem Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command. quot;O Canadaquot; With glowing hearts we see thee rise, was proclaimed The True North strong and free! Canada's national From far and wide, anthem on July 1, O Canada, we stand on guard for 1980, 100 years thee. after it was first God keep our land glorious and free! sung on June 24, O Canada, we stand on guard for 1880. thee. O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
  • 3. All About Canada! • Canada is on the continent of North America. • The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. • The Arctic Ocean is north and the United States is south. • Canada is north of the 49th parallel of latitude. • The 49th parallel was chosen as a border from the Great Lakes to the west coast. #1
  • 4. All About Canada! • The second largest country in the world (Russian Federation is the largest) • Ten provinces and three Territories – • Provinces : 1. Alberta (Edmonton) 2. British Columbia (Victoria) 3. Manitoba (Winnipeg) 4. New Brunswick (Fredericton) 5. Newfoundland and Labrador(St. John's) 6. Nova Scotia (Halifax) 7. Ontario (Toronto) 8. Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) 9. Quebec (Quebec City) 10. Saskatchewan (Regina) • Territories : 1. Yukon (Whitehorse) 2. Nunavut (Iqaluit) 3. Northwest Territories (Yellowknife) #2
  • 5. All About Canada • Population 33,212,696 (July 2008 est.) • Capital city of Canada – Ottawa, Ontario • Leader of Canada - Prime Minister • Emblem - maple leaf • Flag - red and white with a red maple leaf • Canada's birthday is on the first of July. • Animal - the beaver • Motto - quot;From sea to sea“ • National anthem - quot;O Canada“ • RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) the national police force • There are six time zones #3
  • 6. The People of Canada • Most of the people live in the southern part of Canada. • About 77 percent of Canadians live in cities and towns. • • The largest cities are Toronto, Montreal and Canada is the home of over a million Aboriginal people. Vancouver. • Toronto - 5.5 million • Three Aboriginal groups : • Montreal - 3.6 million First Nations, Métis and Inuit. • Vancouver - 2.1 million • Eastern Canada : the Maliseet, Algonquin, • Canada's two official languages are English and Iroquois, Micmac, Huron and Ojibwa. French. • The Plains : Blackfoot, Cree and • More than 9 million Canadians speak French. Assiniboine. • Ethnic groups include- • Pacific Coast : Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, and • British Isles origin 28% Haida. • • French origin 23% Northern regions : Dene, Tsimshian and Slavey peoples • other European 15% • Arctic region : the Inuit • North American Indian 2% • Other mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
  • 7. Land and Water • -Canada has the world's longest coastline. • There are oceans on three sides - Pacific ( west), Atlantic ( east), Arctic (north). • Nearly one-fourth of all the fresh water in the world is in Canada. • Glaciers shaped the land and created many lakes (about 2 million lakes). • The Mackenzie River ( in the N.W.T. ) is the longest river in Canada. • Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River (from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes). • Forests cover almost half of Canada. • Canada has one-tenth of the world's forests. • Mount Logan in the Yukon Territory is Canada's tallest peak at 5,959 metre’s.
  • 8. GEOGRAPHY Canada has six main geographical regions: Appalachian Highland, Canadian Shield, Arctic, Lowlands, Interior Plains, Cordillera
  • 9. HISTORY -The first people were the Aboriginal people. -Explorers and settlers from Western Europe arrived in the 1500s. -Canada was named by the French explorer Jacques Cartier (1535). -The name quot;Canadaquot; comes from the Huron and Iroquois word quot;Kanataquot; meaning quot;villagequot;. -Canada became a country on July 1st, 1867. -The first provinces were Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec. -The first prime minister was Sir John A. Macdonald.
  • 10. RESOURCES • -Forests, plants, animals and fish are some of • There are 42 national parks in Canada. Canada's renewable resources. -Renewable resources can be replaced by nature. • Parks were created to protect the forests, -Canada has 10% of the world's forests. plants and wildlife. -Minerals, metal, natural gas, and oil are some Canada has laws to protect the wild of Canada's nonrenewable resources. animals and plants that are endangered. -They cannot be replaced by nature. -Hydroelectric power is sold to the United Hunting, mining and logging are not States. allowed in parks. -Canada is one of the largest mining nations in the world. • The largest park in Canada is Wood -Over 60 minerals and metals are produced in Canada. Buffalo National Park, in Alberta and the -Canada is the third largest diamond producing Northwest Territories. It is home of the nation in the world. world's largest bison herd and the only -Canada is the world's leader in the production nesting site of the endangered whooping of potash and uranium. crane. • -There are many different types of farms in -The oldest National Park is Banff in Canada: Alberta. It was created in 1885 as Rocky grain farms, vegetable farms, fruit orchards, Mountain Park. livestock and dairy farms
  • 11. Exports and Transportation TRANSPORTATION EXPORTS -The main highway system (completed in 1962) is - motor vehicles and parts, called the Trans-Canada Highway. It goes from St. John's NFLD to Victoria, B.C. - industrial machinery, The highway is 7 604 kilometres long. It is the longest national highway in the world. - aircraft, The Dempster Highway in the Yukon territory is the - telecommunications northernmost highway. equipment; The major ports are Vancouver, Churchill, Montreal, Quebec City, Halifax and St. John's. - chemicals, The St. Lawrence Seaway allows ocean-going ships to sail inland. - plastics, The Seaway has twenty-six locks and five canals. - fertilizers; The two main freight railway systems are the Canadian National and the Canadian Pacific Railway. - wood pulp, VIA railway provides passenger service. Workers began to build the national railroad in 1872. - timber, The Canadian Pacific Railway was finished in 1885. - crude petroleum, Upon completion many settlers were able to travel west. - natural gas, - electricity, • -In 1937 Bombardier invented the first snowmobile. - aluminum
  • 12. GOVERNMENT • Democratic system of government • Parliament of Canada is in Ottawa, Ontario • Parliament consists of House of Commons (elected) and Senate (appointed) • Canada has a Prime Minister • Canada has a Governor General of Canada
  • 13. Sports -The native people of Canada invented the game of lacrosse. -Lacrosse is the national summer sport of Canada. -Ice hockey is the winter national sport of Canada. -Five pin bowling was invented by T.E. Ryan of Toronto in 1909. -Basketball was invented by James Naismith in 1891.
  • 14. ALBERTA Quick Fact’s People • Alberta is home to over 3.5 • -Alberta is one of the three prairie provinces. million people.(April, 2007) -It is the fourth largest province. -The largest cities are Edmonton -Saskatchewan is east of Alberta; British Columbia is west. (capital) and Calgary. -The Northwest Territories are north of Alberta. -More than half of the people live -The state of Montana is south. in these two cities. -Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen -Immigrants came from Britain, Victoria. Western Europe, Eastern Europe, -Edmonton (capital city) and Calgary are the the East and Southeast Asia. largest cities. -Ethnic backgrounds - British (44 -Alberta's flower - Wild Rose, tree - Lodgepole Pine, bird - Great Horned Owl, percent), German, Ukrainian, mammal - Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep French, Scandinavian, Dutch, -Alberta's motto - quot;strong and freequot;. and many other countries -It is known as Canada's quot;energy provincequot;. AB - 1
  • 15. ALBERTA History Land and Water • -The first people settled in the area about 8000 years ago. • -The main rivers are the Peace River, • -In the woodland areas the Woodland Cree and Chipewyan North and South Saskatchewan River, • tribes hunted moose, caribou and deer, fished and gathered and Athabasca River. • plants and berries. • -They used bark canoes to travel up and down the streams. -There are icefields in Banff and Jasper • -On the plains the Blackfoot, Blood, and Peigan hunted the National Parks. • bison and lived in tipis. -The icefields help to fill the rivers. • -Anthony Henday ( European explorer and fur trader ) came -There are five national parks. to • Alberta in 1754. -Banff National Park is the oldest national • -Fur traders built trading posts on the Athabasca River and park in Canada. • North Saskatchewan River. -Wood Buffalo National Park is the home • -Forts were built to keep law and order. to about 2200 wood buffalo • -The First Nations traded furs and received guns, blankets and (endangered). • metal goods. -In 1874 The North-West Mounted Police -A large mountain range ( Rocky • (NWMP) established their first post in Alberta at Fort Mountains ) is along the western border. • Macleod. -The badlands ( dry, sandy, rocky area) • -Alberta grew when the railroad was built in 1883. • are in southeastern Alberta. -Early settlers were ranchers from England and the United • States. -Northern Alberta is covered with forest • -Immigrants came from Ukraine, Germany, Romania and and muskeg. many -The rest of the province is on a great • parts of Europe to farm. • plain or prairie. -Alberta became a province on September 1, 1905. AB -2
  • 16. RESOURCES -Alberta has oil, natural gas, and coal. -Oil was discovered at Leduc (near Edmonton) in 1947. -It is the main producer of coal in Canada. -Coal was first mined near Lethbridge in 1872. -The province is also the main producer of oil and natural gas in Canada. -Alberta sells the oil, natural gas and coal to other provinces and other countries. -There is also sulfur, silica sand, potash, quartz, thick salt deposits, clay and limestone. -Forests cover over half of Alberta. -There is good soil for growing crops like oats, canola and barley. -The main crop is wheat. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada. - Alberta is the only province to produce sugar from sugar beets. -There are many dairy farms and cattle ranches. -There are also poultry, hog and sheep farms. -Most of the beef cattle in Canada are raised on ranches in the southern foothills. AB - 3
  • 17. . CLIMATE PEOPLE AND PLACES -The mountain scenery of Banff and • -The foothills receive the Jasper national parks attracts thousands of tourists. most rainfall. -Calgary stampede has bull riding, calf roping and wagon racing. • -Warm, dry quot;chinookquot; winds -Dinosaur Provincial Park is in the are produced when air badlands. -Historical sites include Head- funnels through the Rockies. Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, Rocky Mountain House (fur trade) and the • -Chinook winds sweep down Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village. on southern Alberta and raise -A 9 m. high Ukranian Easter egg is displayed at Vegreville, east of temperatures in the winter. Edmonton. • -Cold arctic air masses bring -Figure skater Kurt Browning (born in Caroline, Alberta) won four World cool weather in the winter. Championships. -Tantoo Cardinal (born in Fort McMurray) is a Canadian film and television actress. AB - 5
  • 18. BRITISH COLUMBIA Quick Fact’s People -B.C. is the most western province in -B.C. is the home to over 4.2 million people. Canada and the third largest. (2006) -Alberta is to the east, and the Yukon and -The largest city is Vancouver. (2.1 million Northwest Territories are north . estimated) -The Pacific Ocean is to the west. -The Northwest Coast Native peoples live in B.C. -To the south, B.C. is bordered by three U.S. -People came from Britain, Western Europe, East states - Washington, Idaho and Montana. and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. -There are many islands off the coast that are -B.C. has the largest Chinese community in also Canada. part of B.C. -The top 10 languages spoken are English, -Victoria, the capital city is on Vancouver Island. Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin), -Vancouver is the third largest city in Canada. Punjabi, German, French, Tagalog, Korean, -B.C.'s flower - Pacific Dogwood, bird - Stellar's Spanish, Persian, and Italian. Jay, tree - Western Red Cedar. -About 75 percent of the people live in the -motto - quot;Splendour without diminishmentquot; southwest part of the province. BC - 1
  • 19. LAND AND WATER HISTORY -The Fraser River is one of the largest -The first people to live in BC : Tlingit, Sekani, Haida, Nootka, Chilcotin and Shuswap. rivers in Canada. -They fished for salmon and seals and hunted deer, -Both the Fraser and the Columbia bear and elk. -They built large wooden houses and carved totem River flow into the Pacific Ocean. poles. -(1778) Captain James Cook a British explorer sailed -Ferry boats take people to and from to Vancouver Island. the Islands off the coast. -George Vancouver mapped the coastline (1792 -1794). -There are seven national parks -Alexander Mackenzie, Simon Fraser and David Thompson explored the interior of B.C. -The three main mountain ranges are -Fur trading posts were built. -(1857-1858) Fraser Valley Gold Rush brought many the Coastal Mountains in the west, people. the Columbia Mountains in the -B.C. became a province in 1871. -Canadian government promised to build a railway to centre, and the Rocky Mountains in B.C. -Thousands of Chinese labourers arrived to pan for the east. Gold and to help build the railway. -There are thousands of islands along -The Japanese came to work as agricultural labourers and fishermen. the coastline,including the Queen -In 1885 the CPR railway reached Vancouver. -British settlers came by train to the west coast. Charlotte Islands (north) and the Gulf Islands near the southern end of Vancouver Island. BC - 2
  • 20. • Draw a picture showing the climate. CLIMATE -The coastal mountains protect the Lower Mainland and the coast from the cold Arctic air masses in the winter. -The mountains along the coast bring the coastal region a lot of rain. -Vancouver and Victoria are warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than the central areas of the province. BC - 3
  • 21. RESOURCES and INDUSTRIES -Forestry is the largest industry. Forest covers over half of B.C. -B.C. has the largest and oldest trees in Canada. -B.C.'s mountains, parks and beaches attract many tourists. -Mining is the third largest industy. (copper, coal, gold, silver, zinc, sulphur, asbestos) -B.C. has a large fishing industry (salmon, halibut, clams, cod, crab, oysters, rockfish, shrimp and herring) -Fraser Valley has cattle and dairy farms and farms that grow fruit and flowers. -There are many orchards in the Okanagan Valley. ( apples, cherries, peaches, apricots, and plums) -The province is Canada's second largest generator of hydro electricity. -B.C. is Canada's second largest natural gas producer. -B.C. is the third largest film and television production centre in North America (after New York and Los Angeles). BC - 4
  • 22. PEOPLE and PLACES -Emily Carr (1871-1945) - painted the West Coast Aboriginal people -Terry Fox (1958-1981) - tried to run across Canada to raise money for cancer research -Chief Dan George (1899-1981) - actor and poet -Stanley Park in Vancouver Is one of Canada's biggest city parks with an aquarium, gardens, beaches, Trails and totem poles carved out of wood by the native people of the west coast. -The mountains, the coastline and the mild weather attract thousands of tourists. -Tourists come to ski at Whistler Mountain and other ski resorts in B.C. -Okanagan Valley is known for the warm weather, wineries and as a fruit growing region. -Vancouver has Canada's largest port. -Vancouver will host the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. BC - 5
  • 23. MANITOBA Quick Fact’s THE PEOPLE -Manitoba is one of the three prairie provinces in Canada. -Manitoba is the home of over a -It is located in the centre of Canada. million people.(1.2 million October -Ontario is to the east and Saskatchewan to the west. 2008) -Nunavut and Hudson Bay are north and the -Winnipeg is the largest city. About United States is south. 653,000 people live there. (2007) -quot;Manitobaquot; may come from the Cree words quot;manitou bouquot; meaning quot;strait of the Great -Manitoba is home to many Métis and Spiritquot;. native peoples. -The name may also come from the Assiniboine -The native people include Assiniboine Words quot;miniquot; and quot;tobowquot; meaning quot;Lake of the and Saulteaux; Northern, Woodland, Prairiequot;. -About 60 percent of the people live in the capital and Swampy Cree; Chipewyan; and city of Winnipeg and its suburbs. Inuit. -The second largest city is Brandon. -Ethnic backgrounds include British, -flower-Prairie Crocus , tree-White Spruce, bird Great Gray Owl German, Ukrainian, French, native -motto-quot;Glorious and Freequot; people, Dutch, and Poles. MAN -1
  • 24. HISTORY -The first people to live in Manitoba were the Assiniboine, Cree, Saulteaux, Chipewyan, Ojibwa. -They followed herds of bison and caribou. -Early explorers arrived through Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba. -Hudson's Bay Company (created in 1670) set up fur trading posts along the rivers. -The early settlers were the British and French. -The first British settlement was Red River. -Louis Riel (1844-1885) was an influential Métis leader. -Riel and his people were concerned about the settlers taking over their land. -Manitoba became Canada's fifth province in 1870. -Red River Cart trails were the first roads. -The railway brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada and from all over the world. -Many settlers came from Ukraine and Iceland. man - 2
  • 25. LAND and WATER -Manitoba is known as the land of CLIMATE 100,000 lakes. -Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis and -In the winter there are Lake Manitoba are three large lakes. often blizzards with -Lake Winnipeg is the third largest lake in strong winds and Canada. extreme cold -The Churchill River, Nelson River and Hayes River flow into Hudson Bay in temperatures. northern Manitoba. -Polar air masses bring -The Assiniboine, Souris, Winnipeg, and very cold air from the Red Rivers in southern Manitoba drain Arctic Ocean. into Lake Winnipeg. -Winnipeg is the coldest -Forests of pine, hemlock and birch cover major city in Canada. northern Manitoba. -The prairie region is in the southern part of the province. Man - 3
  • 26. RESOURCES and INDUSTRIES -Manitoba lies in the area of Canada known as the Canadian Shield. -Minerals and metals are found in the Canadian Shield. (nickel, gold, copper, zinc, cobalt, gypsum) -Manitoba is a world leader in the production of nickel. -The large lakes are home to many species of fresh water fish. (whitefish, pike, walleye, pickerel, trout, and bass) -Thirty-seven percent of Manitoba is covered with forest. -Hydroelectric power is a very important industry. -Manitoba sells hydroelectric power to other provinces and to the US. -There are different types of farming in southern Manitoba: One-third of the farmland is used for growing wheat. Mills make wheat into flour. The wheat is sold to other countries. Farmers also grow canola, sunflowers, oats, rye, flax, buckwheat and field peas. These crops are made into cereal and oil products. Dairy farms produce milk, cheese, yogurt and cream. There are also livestock farms.-Industries include manufacturing (farm equipment, buses, clothing, furniture), food processing,
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    Jul 23, 2017
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