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Celebrating Public Holidays in China and South Africa- Khesane Chauke.docx

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Celebrated Holidays in China and South Africa 1 Celebrated Public Holidays in China and South Africa Topic:Spring Festival (Chinese New Year’s) and South African Christmas College: The College of International Education Major: International Economy and Investment Name:Khesane Rebeccah Chauke Student Number: 2013218034 Lecturer: Jiang Yujiao Time: 2013-12-04 Score:
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  Celebrated Holidays in China and South Africa 1 Celebrated Public Holidays in China and South frica  Topic   Spring Festival (Chinese New Year’s ) and South African Christmas College   The College of International Education Major   International Economy and Investment Name   Khesane Rebeccah Chauke Student Number:   2013218034   Lecturer   Jiang Yujiao Time   2013-12-04  Score:    Celebrated Holidays in China and South Africa 2 Contents   1. Spring Festival (Chinese New Years) ............................................................................ 3 1.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 3   1.2 Festival Time .............................................................................................................. 3 1.3 History and Legend .................................................................................................... 3   1.4 Festivities Schedule ................................................................................................... 4 1.5 Customs and Practices ............................................................................................... 4   1.6 Taboos ........................................................................................................................ 5 1.7 Festival Food .............................................................................................................. 5   1.8 Places to go ................................................................................................................ 6   2. South African Christmas ................................................................................................ 7 2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 7   2.2 Festival Time .............................................................................................................. 7 2.3 History and Legend .................................................................................................... 8   2.4 Customs and Practices ............................................................................................... 8   2.5 Festival Food .............................................................................................................. 9   2.6 Places to go .............................................................................................................. 10   Works Cited....................................................................................................................... 12    Celebrated Holidays in China and South Africa 3 1.   Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) 1.1 Introduction Chinese Spring Festival, also called Lunar New Year, has more than 4,000 yearsof history. Being one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it is the grandest and the most important festival for Chinese people. It is also the time for the whole families to get together, which is similar with Christmas Day to the westerners. Originating during the Shang Dynasty (about 17th - 11th century BC), Spring Festival, which celebrates family reunion, is full of rich and colorful activities, and hopes with the advent of spring and flowers blossoming. People from different regions and different ethnic groups celebrate it in their unique ways. 1.2 Festival Time  The festival comes on the first day of Chinese lunar calendar and lasts for almost half of a month. But in folk custom, this traditional holiday lasts from the 23rd day of the twelfth month to the 15th day of the first month (Lantern Festival) in the lunar calendar. Among these days, the New Year’s Eve and the first day of the New Year is the peak time. The exact days are different in every year according to the lunar calendar. Schedule of Spring Festival in recent years is offered in the following table. Year Date Holiday Chinese Zodiac 2011 February 3 February 2 - 8 Rabbit 2012 January 23 January 22 - 28 Dragon 2013 February 10 February 9 - 15 Snake 2014 January 31 January 30 - February 5 Horse 2015 February 19 February 18 - 24 Sheep 2016 February 8 February 7 - 13 Monkey 1.3 History and Legend  It is said that the custom of Spring Festival started in when people offered sacrifice to ancestors in the last month of Chinese lunar calendar. At that time, people prepared the sacrifice by doing thorough cleaning, having bathes and so on. Later, people began to worship different deities as  Celebrated Holidays in China and South Africa 4 well on that day. It is the time that almost all the farm works were done and people have free time. The sacrificing time changed according to the farming schedule and was not fixed until the Han Dynasty (202BC-220AD) (Bodde: 1975:49). The customs of worshipping deities and ancestors remains even though the ceremonies are not as grand as before. It is also the time that spring is coming, so people held all kinds of ceremonies to welcome it. There are many legends about Spring Festival in Chinese culture. In folk culture, it is also called “guonian” (meaning “passing a year”). It is said that the “nian” (year) was a strong monster which was fierce and cruel and ate one kind of animal including human being a day. Human  beings were afraid of it and had to hide on the evening when the “nian” came out. Later, people found that the “nian” was very scared of the color red and fireworks. So after that, people use red color and fireworks to drive away “nian”. As a result, th e custom of using red color and setting off fireworks remains. 1.4 Festivities Schedule   Preparing the New Year starts 7 days before the New Year’s Eve. According to Chinese lunar calendar, people start to clean the house on Dec. 24, butcher on Dec. 26th and so on. People have certain things to do on each day. These activities will end Jan. 15th of the lunar calendar. 1.5 Customs and Practices Many customs accompany the Spring Festival. Some are still followed today, but others have weakened. On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba  porridge, a delicious kind of  porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans, longan and gingko. The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. At this time,  people offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to enjoy themselves. After the Preliminary Eve, people begin preparing for the coming New Year. This is called Seeing the New Year in . Store owners are busy then as everybody goes out to purchase necessities for the New Year. Materials not only include edible oil, rice, flour, chicken, duck, fish and meat, but also fruit, candies and kinds of nuts. What's more, various decorations, new clothes and shoes for the children as well as gifts for the elderly, friends and relatives, are all on the list of purchasing. Before the New Year comes, the people completely clean the indoors and outdoors of their homes as well as their clothes, bedclothes and all their utensils. Then people begin decorating their clean rooms featuring an atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity. All the door panels will be  pasted with Spring Festival couplets, highlighting Chinese calligraphy with black characters on red paper. The content varies from house owners' wishes for a bright future to good luck for the
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