Chanakya Niti

Chanakya Niti
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  Chanakya Niti - Chapter One   1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lordof the three worlds, I recite maxims of the science of political ethics( niti   selected from the !arious satras  (scriptures . #hat man who by the study of these maxims from the satras ac$uires a %nowledge of the most celebrated principles of duty, andunderstands what ought and what ought not to be followed, and whatis good and what is bad, is most excellent.&. #herefore with an eye to the public good, I shall spea% that which,when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in theirproper perspecti!e.'. !en a  pandit   comes to grief by gi!ing instruction to a foolishdisciple, by maintaining a wic%ed wife, and by excessi!e familiaritywith the miserable.). * wic%ed wife, a false friend, a saucy ser!ant and li!ing in a housewith a serpent in it are nothing but death.+. ne should sa!e his money against hard times, sa!e his wife at thesacrifice of his riches, but in!ariably one should sa!e his soul e!en atthe sacrifice of his wife and riches.-. Sa!e your wealth against future calamity. o not say, /0hat fearhas a rich man, of calamity/ 0hen riches begin to forsa%e one e!enthe accumulated stoc% dwindles away.2. o not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earnyour li!elihood, ha!e no friends, or cannot ac$uire %nowledge.3. o not stay for a single day where there are not these fi!e persons4a wealthy man, a brahmin  well !ersed in Vedic lore, a %ing, a ri!er anda physician15. 0ise men should ne!er go into a country where there are nomeans of earning one6s li!elihood, where the people ha!e no dread of anybody, ha!e no sense of shame, no intelligence, or a charitabledisposition.  11. #est a ser!ant while in the discharge of his duty, a relati!e indifficulty, a friend in ad!ersity, and a wife in misfortun.1 . He is a true friend who does not forsa%e us in time of need,misfortune, famine, or war, in a %ing6s court, or at the crematorium( smasana .1&. He who gi!es up what is imperishable for that which is perishable,loses that which is imperishable7 and doubtlessly loses that which isperishable also.1'. * wise man should marry a !irgin of a respectable family e!en if she is deformed. He should not marry one of a low8class family,through beauty. 9arriage in a family of e$ual status is preferable.1). o not put your trust in ri!ers, men who carry weapons, beastswith claws or horns, women, and members of a royal family1+. !en from poison extract nectar, wash and ta%e bac% gold if it hasfallen in filth, recei!e the highest %nowledge (:rsna consciousnessfrom a low born person7 so also a girl possessing !irtuous $ualities( stri-ratna  e!en if she were born in a disreputable family.1-. 0omen ha!e hunger two8fold, shyness four8fold, daring six8fold, and lust eight8fold as compared to men Chanakya Niti - Chapter Two Chapter Two 1. ;ntruthfulness, rashness, guile, stupidity, a!arice, uncleanliness andcruelty are a woman6s se!en natural flaws . #o ha!e ability for eating when dishes are ready at hand, to berobust and !irile in the company of one6s religiously wedded wife, andto ha!e a mind for ma%ing charity when one is prosperous are thefruits of no ordinary austerities.  &. He whose son is obedient to him, whose wife6s conduct is inaccordance with his wishes, and who is content with his riches, has hishea!en here on earth.'. #hey alone are sons who are de!oted to their father. He is a fatherwho supports his sons. He is a friend in whom we can confide, and sheonly is a wife in whose company the husband feels contented andpeaceful.). *!oid him who tal%s sweetly before you but tries to ruin you behindyour bac%, for he is li%e a pitcher of poison with mil% on top.+. o not put your trust in a bad companion nor e!en trust an ordinaryfriend, for if he should get angry with you, he may bring all yoursecrets to light.-. o not re!eal what you ha!e thought upon doing, but by wisecounsel %eep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution.2. <oolishness is indeed painful, and !erily so is youth, but morepainful by far than either is being obliged in another person6s house.3. #here does not exist a pearl in e!ery mountain, nor a pearl in thehead of e!ery elephant7 neither are the sadhus  to be founde!erywhere, nor sandal trees in e!ery forest.=>ote4 nly elephants in royal palaces are seen decorated with pearls(precious stones on their heads?.15. 0ise men should always bring up their sons in !arious moral ways,for children who ha!e %nowledge of niti-sastra  and are well beha!edbecome a glory to their family.11. #hose parents who do not educate their sons are their enemies7for as is a crane among swans, so are ignorant sons in a publicassembly@1 . 9any a bad habit is de!eloped through o!er indulgence, and manya good one by chastisement, therefore beat your son as well as yourpupil7 ne!er indulge them. (/Spare the rod and spoil the child./1&. Let not a single day pass without your learning a !erse, half a!erse, or a fourth of it, or e!en one letter of it7 nor without attendingto charity, study and other pious acti!ity.  1'. Separation from the wife, disgrace from one6s own people, anenemy sa!ed in battle, ser!ice to a wic%ed %ing, po!erty, and amismanaged assembly4 these six %inds of e!ils, if afflicting a person,burn him e!en without fire1). #rees on a ri!erban%, a woman in another man6s house, and %ingswithout counsellors go without doubt to swift destruction.1+. * brahmin's  strength is in his learning, a %ing6s strength is in hisarmy, a vaishya's  strength is in his wealth and a shudra's  strength is inhis attitude of ser!ice1-. #he prostitute has to forsa%e a man who has no money, thesubAect a %ing that cannot defend him, the birds a tree that bears nofruit, and the guests a house after they ha!e finished their meals.12. Brahmins  $uit their patrons after recei!ing alms from them,scholars lea!e their teachers after recei!ing education from them, andanimals desert a forest that has been burnt down.13. He who befriends a man whose conduct is !icious, whose !isionimpure, and who is notoriously croo%ed, is rapidly ruined. 5. <riendship between e$uals flourishes, ser!ice under a %ing is respectable, it is good to be business8minded in public dealings, and a handsome lady is safe in her own home. 3 1. In this world, whose family is there without blemish 0ho is freefrom sic%ness and grief 0ho is fore!er happy . * man6s descent may be discerned by his conduct, his country byhis pronunciation of language, his friendship by his warmth and glow,and his capacity to eat by his body.&. Bi!e your daughter in marriage to a good family, engage your sonin learning, see that your enemy comes to grief, and engage yourfriends in dharma . (:rsna consciousness.'. f a rascal and a serpent, the serpent is the better of the two, forhe stri%es only at the time he is destined to %ill, while the former ate!ery step.
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