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Potter & Perry: Fundamentals of Nursing, 7th Edition Test Bank Chapter 5: Evidence-Based Practice MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following research approaches is an example of an exploratory type of research? 1. Establishing facts and relationships of past events 2. Testing how well a program, practice, or policy is working 3. Refining a hypothesis on the relationships among phenomena 4. Portraying the characteristics of persons, situations, or groups ANS: 3 An example of an exploratory type of
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  Potter & Perry: Fundamentals of Nursing, 7 th  Edition Test Bank Chapter 5: Eiden!e Based Pra!ti!e#$%TP%E C'(CE 1.Which of the following research approaches is an example of an exploratory type of research?1.Establishing facts and relationships of past events2.Testing how well a program, practice, or policy is working .!efining a hypothesis on the relationships among phenomena .#ortraying the characteristics of persons, sit$ations, or gro$ps %&'(%n example of an exploratory type of research is to develop or refine a hypothesis abo$t the relationships among phenomena.%n example of a historical type of research is to establish facts and relationships concerning past events.%n example of an eval$ation type of research is to test how well a program, practice, or  policy is working.%n example of a descriptive type of research is to acc$rately portray characteristics of  persons, sit$ations, or gro$ps and the fre)$ency with which certain events or characteristics occ$r.#T'(1*+(%!E(-2/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are Environment2.The 6ealth +nformation #ortability and %cco$ntability %ct 76+#%%8, implemented in 299, may infl$ence n$rsing research in the area of(1.The cost of the st$dy2.Where the st$dy may be p$blished.What type of st$dy may be cond$cted .6ow the data will be obtained and protected%&'( 6+#%% reg$lations identify how protected health information of potential research s$b:ects is to be managed. The researcher m$st be able to ens$re that the data will be  protected and $sed only by the researcher.6+#%% reg$lations sho$ld not infl$ence the area of cost in n$rsing research.The foc$s of 6+#%% reg$lations is not on where a st$dy may be p$blished.6+#%% reg$lations sho$ld not infl$ence the type of st$dy cond$cted.#T'(1*+(%/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are Environment osby items and derived items ; 299<, 299= by osby, +nc., an affiliate of Elsevier +nc.  Test /ank .The expected research role for the baccala$reate>prepared n$rse is to(1.%ss$me the role of a clinical expert2.%c)$ire f$nding for research pro:ects .+dentify clinical n$rsing problems in practice .*evelop methods of in)$iry relevant to n$rsing%&'( &$rses with a baccala$reate degree are prepared to read research critically and $se existing standards to determine the readiness of the findings for clinical practice. They also participate in research activities thro$gh identification of clinical problems in n$rsing practice. &$rses with a masters degree ass$me the role of clinical expert and are able to create a climate in which research>based change can be implemented into practice.*octorally>prepared n$rses are responsible for ac)$iring f$nding for research from p$blicand private so$rces.*octorally>prepared n$rses are prepared to design st$dies independently incl$ding the development of methods of in)$iry relevant to n$rsing.#T'(1*+(%!E(==/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are Environment .When a n$rse researcher distrib$tes an explanatory information sheet to s$b:ects solicitedfor participation in her st$dy, which of the following ethical principles that g$ide researchis this researcher $sing?1.+nformed consent2.reedom from harm.#rotection of s$b:ects .onfidentiality of s$b:ects%&'(1%s a component of informed consent, research s$b:ects are given f$ll and complete information abo$t the p$rpose of the st$dy, proced$res, data collection, potential harm and benefits, and alternative methods of treatment.!esearch aspects s$ch as minimi@ing the risk to participants, allowing reasonable risk to  participants in relation to anticipated benefits, and monitoring the research to ens$re the safety of participants follow the ethical standard of freedom from harm.+n the case of research, instit$tions have 6ealth +nformation #ortability and %cco$ntability %ct 76+#%%8 reg$lations that identify how protected health information of research s$b:ects is to be managed. The n$rse researcher who follows 6+#%% g$idelines is following the principle of protection of s$b:ects.onfidentiality g$arantees that any information provided by the s$b:ect will not be reported in any manner that identifies the s$b:ect and will not be made accessible to  people o$tside the research team. *escribing how confidentiality is maintained is a component of informed consent. osby items and derived items ; 299<, 299= by osby, +nc., an affiliate of Elsevier +nc. =>2  Test /ank #T'(1*+(%!E(-/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( #lanning'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are Environment=.The n$rse takes on ethical responsibilities when cond$cting research with h$man s$b:ects. Which of the following violates an ethical responsibility associated with informed consent? 1.%dhering to verbal and written agreements2.Asing data obtained before the initiation of the st$dy.Explaining the possibility of $nknown risks when appropriate .#roviding alternatives, incl$ding the right of ref$sal and standard practices%&'(2Asing data obtained before the initiation of the st$dy wo$ld be a breach of privacy  beca$se the participant has not yet given informed consent for $se of those data.%dhering to verbal and written agreements is central to informed consent and the implementation of ethical research. ne component of informed consent is the incl$sion of informing the research s$b:ect of the potential harm and benefits. This wo$ld incl$de the risks to the s$b:ect 7incl$ding financial risks8 and the potential for no benefit.Within the consent doc$ment, the researcher m$st o$tline alternative methods of treatment and alternatives to participation, incl$ding the right to withdraw from the st$dy at any given time.#T'(1*+(%!E(-/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are Environment-.&$rses need to become familiar with the elements of a research p$blication. % brief explanation of the type of meas$rement to be $sed is fo$nd in which section of a st$dy?1.!es$lts2.ethods .oncl$sion .+ntrod$ction%&'(2The methods section of a st$dy incl$des the description of the sample 7what or who was st$died8, type of data collected, and the device or instr$ment $sed to meas$re empirical information.The res$lts section contains a description of the res$lts obtained in the st$dy, incl$ding appropriate statistical tests $sed to analy@e the data. The concl$sion consists of the a$thor s$mmari@ing implications that can be drawn from the st$dy. osby items and derived items ; 299<, 299= by osby, +nc., an affiliate of Elsevier +nc. =>  Test /ank The introd$ction section presents the p$rpose, a s$mmary of literat$re $sed to form$late the st$dy, and the hypothesis tested or the research )$estions posed.#T'(1*+(%!E(=</0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are EnvironmentB.%fter identifying the problem, the next step in the research process is to(1.'elect the pop$lation2.!eview the literat$re.btain approval to cond$ct the st$dy .+dentify the instr$ment to $se for data analysis%&'(2%fter identifying the problem, the next step in the research process is to review the literat$re to determine what is known abo$t the problem.ollowing identification of the problem and review of the literat$re, the researcher will design the st$dy protocol. 'electing the pop$lation is a component of this phase of the research process.btaining necessary approvals is part of cond$cting the st$dy, which follows the design  phase in the research process.+dentifying the instr$ment to $se for data analysis occ$rs d$ring the process of designing the st$dy protocol. This step wo$ld occ$r d$ring the st$dy design phase of the research  process after problem identification and literat$re review have taken place.#T'(1*+(%!E(=C/0(omprehensionT#(&$rsing #rocess( %ssessment'(&3E45 test plan designation( 'afe, Effective are EnvironmentC.% sample of orthopedic clients varies greatly in their re)$ests for posts$rgical analgesics. Which type of n$rsing research wo$ld best examine a prospective gro$p of clients in determining what factors affect their alterations in comfort?1.6istorical research2.Eval$ation research.orrelational research .Experimental research%&'(orrelational research explores the interrelationships among variables of interest 7s$ch asfactors affecting client comfort8 witho$t any active intervention by the researcher.6istorical research is designed to establish facts and relationships concerning past events.+t wo$ld not $se prospective gro$ps of clients.Eval$ation research tests how well a program, practice, or policy is working.+n experimental research, the investigator controls the st$dy variable and randomly assigns s$b:ects to different conditions. osby items and derived items ; 299<, 299= by osby, +nc., an affiliate of Elsevier +nc. =>

Chapter 012

Jul 23, 2017

Chapter 011

Jul 23, 2017
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