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Chapter 022

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Potter & Perry: Fundamentals of Nursing, 7th Edition Test Bank Chapter 22: Ethics and Values MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The client states that she needs to exercise regularly, watch her weight, and reduce her fat intake. This demonstrates that the client: 1. Values health promotion activities 2. Believes she will not become sick 3. Believes she will have a heart attack 4. Has unrealistic expectations for herself ANS: 1 A value is a personal belief about the worth of a given idea, attitude, custom, or ob
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  Potter & Perry: Fundamentals of Nursing, 7 th  Edition Test Bank Chapter 22: Ethis and !alues #$T%P$E C'%CE 1.The client states that she needs to exercise regularly, watch her weight, and reduce her fatintake. This demonstrates that the client:1.Values health promotion activities2.Believes she will not ecome sick !.Believes she will have a heart attack .#as unrealistic expectations for herself $%&:1$ value is a personal elief aout the worth of a given idea, attitude, custom, or o'ect that sets standards that influence ehavior. The client is expressing her value of health  promotion activities. $ elief is a conviction of the truth or reality of a thing. The client does not state she elieves these health promotion activities will keep her from ecoming sick. $ elief is a conviction of the truth of a thing. The client(s statement does not indicate she elieves she will have a heart attack. These are not unrealistic expectations.)*+:$-+:!1/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment2.$ client has actively picketed for gun control. )uring a roery of his usiness, he was shot in the leg. $s the nurse assists him with morning care, which statement would the nurse expect him to make that coincides with his values71.8+irearms may have a place in our society.92.8*ndividuals should arm themselves for protection.9!.8rosecution should e the maximum for that felon.9 .8rotection is a necessary evil for the good guy of the world.9$%&:!*ndividual experience influences what we come to value. The client who experienced a gunshot during a roery of his usiness may value gun control and veralie a desire to have his attacker prosecuted for the violent crime. The client who has picketed for gun control and who was gunshot is unlikely to value firearms in our society. The individual who has actively picketed for gun control is unlikely to desire the use of guns. The individual would e more likely to elieve that if there were gun control, there would e no need for guns. The individual who has actively picketed for gun control is unlikely to desire the use of guns. The individual would e more likely to elieve that if there were gun control, there would e no need for guns.)*+:$-+:!1;/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment 3osy items and derived items < 2==>, 2== y 3osy, *nc., an affiliate of -lsevier *nc.  Test Bank !.$ secondary school teacher with advanced multiple sclerosis insists on teaching from a wheelchair and eing treated the same as other colleagues. The teacher is demonstrating which of the following71.riing her choice2.hoosing from alternatives!.onsidering all conse?uences .$cting with a pattern of consistency$%&:1The teacher is demonstrating priing her choice. &he cherishes her choice of eing treatedlike everyone else despite her medical condition and pulicly affirms the choice y teaching from a wheelchair and insisting she e treated the same as her colleagues. $t this point, the teacher is not choosing from alternatives. &he could have chosen to ?uit teaching, ut she did not. &he has already made her choice. The teacher is not demonstrating considering all conse?uences. &he has already made her choice. $t this  point, the teacher is not demonstrating acting with a pattern of consistency. &he is not repeating a ehavior.)*+:$-+:!1;/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment .The nurse recognies that values clarification interventions are eneficial for the client when:1.The client and nurse have different eliefs2.The client is experiencing a values conflict!.The nurse is unsure of a client(s personal values .The client has chosen to re'ect the normal values$%&:2Values clarification can help clients gain an awareness of personal priorities, identify amiguities in values, and resolve ma'or conflicts etween values and ehavior. Values clarification for nurses can help nurses strengthen their aility to advocate for a client  ecause nurses are etter ale to identify personal values and accurately identify the values of the client. Values clarification is not necessarily eneficial for the client when the client and nurse have different eliefs. Values clarification for the client will not necessarily help the nurse who is unsure of the client(s values. Values clarification interventions for the client will help the client, not the nurse, gain awareness. The values that an individual holds reflect cultural and social influences, relationships, and personal needs. Values vary among people and develop and change over time. Therefore it may e inappropriate to state a client has re'ected 8normal9 values when value systems vary among people. @hat is considered normal to one person may not e to another.)*+:$-+:!1;/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment 3osy items and derived items < 2==>, 2== y 3osy, *nc., an affiliate of -lsevier *nc. 22A2  Test Bank .The nurse is working with the client and trying to clarify the client(s values regarding his care. @hich of the following statements reflects an example of the type of response a nurse should use in a values clarification situation71.8our ?uestions were pretty lunt.92.8Tell me what you(re thinking right now.9!.8*(ve felt that way efore. *(d e upset, too.9 .8ou seem concerned aout your tests. 4et me explain them.9$%&:28Tell me what you(re thinking right now9 is correct. Values clarification is a process of selfAdiscovery in which the nurse should assist the client. The goal of values clarification with a client is effective nurseAclient communication. $s the client ecomes more willing to express prolems and feelings, the nurse can etter estalish an individualied plan of care. The character of a nurse(s response to a client can motivate the client to examine  personal thoughts and actions. @hen the nurse makes a clarifying response, it should e  rief and non'udgmental. 8our ?uestions were pretty lunt9 is incorrect. Values clarification is a process of selfAdiscovery in which the nurse should assist the client. The character of a nurse(s response to a client can motivate the client to examine personal thoughts and actions. @hen the nurse makes a clarifying response, it should e rief and non'udgmental. The client is eing 'udgmental in this response. 8*(ve felt that way efore.*(d e upset, too9 is incorrect as well. The nurse should not influence the client with his or her own values, even if they are similar. 8ou seem concerned aout your tests. 4et meexplain them9 is also incorrect. This statement is therapeutic in that it is reflective of a client(s feeling, and offers information. #owever, it does not encourage the client to examine their values.)*+:$-+:!1;/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment;.$ nurse(s use of ethical responsiility can est e seen in which of the following nursing actions71.)elivery of competent care2.+ormation of interpersonal relationships!.orrect application of the nursing process .-valuation of new computeried technologies$%&:1The term responsiility refers to the characteristics of reliaility and dependaility. *n  professional nursing, responsiility includes a duty to perform actions well and thoughtfully. @hen the nurse provides competent care, the nurse is demonstrating ethical responsiility. +ormation of interpersonal relationships is not an ethical responsiility. $pplication of the nursing process is not an ethical responsiility. -valuation of new computeried technologies is not an ethical responsiility.)*+:$-+:!1 A!1/B0:omprehension 3osy items and derived items < 2==>, 2== y 3osy, *nc., an affiliate of -lsevier *nc. 22A!  Test Bank T/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironmentC.$ nursing student that immediately informs her clinical instructor after she realies that she has administered the wrong dose of medication to a patient is est descried  professionally as:1.onfident2.Trustworthy!.ompliant .$ccountale$%&: $ccountaility refers to the aility to answer for one(s own actions. The goal is the  prevention of in'ury to the client. The student nurse who informs her instructor of an error is eing accountale for her actions and has a goal to prevent in'ury to the client. The student nurse would not e descried professionally as confident Di.e., sure of oneselfE. The student is not est descried as trustworthy. To e trustworthy, one is worthy of trust or confidence and reliale. *n this case, the student was not reliale to administer medication correctly. This student nurse is not est descried professionally as compliant.The student is not acting in accordance with wishes, commands, or re?uirements.)*+:$-+:!1/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironmentF.$ client who is recently diagnosed with cancer is encouraged to consider sharing the information with her family so they can support her through the decisions she will need to make regarding her care. The nurse is using the principle of:1.onfidentiality2.+idelity!.Veracity .0ustice$%&:!Veracity in general means accuracy or conformity to truth. The nurse is encouraging the client to e truthful with the client(s family. onfidentiality means to not impart private matters. +idelity refers to the agreement to keep promises. 0ustice refers to fairness.)*+:$/B0:omprehensionT/:%ursing rocess: -valuation3&:%4-56 test plan designation: &afe, -ffective are -nvironment>.The correct se?uence for attaining the resolution of an ethical prolem is:1.-xamine values, evaluate, and identify the prolem2.-valuate the outcomes, gather data, and consider actions!.Gather facts, veralie the prolem, and consider actions .ecognie the dilemma, evaluate, and gather information 3osy items and derived items < 2==>, 2== y 3osy, *nc., an affiliate of -lsevier *nc. 22A

Chapter 024

Jul 23, 2017

Chapter 026

Jul 23, 2017
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