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Chapter 4 Advanced SQL

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  Database System Concepts, 5th Ed . ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan See www.db-book.com for conditions on re-use Chapter 4: Advanced SQL  ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 4.2 Database System Concepts, 5 th  Ed., July 2005 Chapter 4: Advanced SQL  SQL Data Types and Schemas  Integrity Constraints  Authorization  Embedded SQL  Dynamic SQL  Functions and Procedural Constructs**  Recursive Queries**  Advanced SQL Features**  ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 4.3 Database System Concepts, 5 th  Ed., July 2005 Built-in Data Types in SQL  date:  Dates, containing a (4 digit) year, month and date  Example: date   „2005 -7- 27‟    time:  Time of day, in hours, minutes and seconds.  Example: time   „09:00:30‟ time   „09:00:30.75‟    timestamp : date plus time of day  Example: timestamp   „2005 -7- 27 09:00:30.75‟    interval:  period of time  Example: interval „1‟ day    Subtracting a date/time/timestamp value from another gives an interval value  Interval values can be added to date/time/timestamp values  ©Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan 4.4 Database System Concepts, 5 th  Ed., July 2005 Build-in Data Types in SQL (Cont.)  Can extract values of individual fields from date/time/timestamp  Example: extract  ( year from  r.starttime)  Can cast string types to date/time/timestamp  Example: cast  <string-valued-expression> as date  Example: cast  <string-valued-expression> as time
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