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Chess Masters Play Dice

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Chess advices
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  CHESS MASTERS PLAY DICE  Chess is not a gamble -- a gamble is playing chess! Of course, there are many examples where a game was well prepared and won at home (especially in the practice of Kasparov evertheless, our brain is so limited that we have to use statistics and odds in a game #hen $uantum theory was introduced, %instein said, & do not believe 'od plays with dice e was right, 'od does not play dice, but we mortals should!)here are three rules in chess when you battle a strong opponent*+ &ts not possible to win uic.ly/ &ts not possible to win slowly0 &ts not possible to win at all%very victory should be considered as winning a gamble 1ou need luc. to win against a strong opponent, but until youre rated //22, you need patience more!ow should a player thin. at the board to increase his chances of winning,to get the smile of 3ady 3uc.4 &f you loo. too hard for the best way of thin.ing (especially during the game you will always ma.e frustrating blunders that are far behind your true chess level Concentrate on concrete chess, not generalities, and follow your intuition 5y experience shows that you cannot change the way you thin. 6ny attempt to ma.e your thin.ing reasonable and systematic will fail Kotovs method of calculating, creating a list of every feasible move (candidates, and examining each variation of each candidate move only once in a mechanical order, is too scientific and has little practical use 7o not feel upset when you cannot follow his steps Calculating (even creating a list of all the candidates during your move is as impossible as it is unnecessary1ou have to live with the way you thin. and use what you have )he process of thin.ing cannot be changed in a short period, if at all #e cannot have any illusions about it & am sure that Kotov never really thought about a chess position in the manner he describes 8uch rigid advice from any master on how to thin. about a chess position is theoretical only, or only wor.s when the position has an answer that is already .nown! 8ome things are simply not teachable )his reminds me of an old 9ussian proverb* 6n old chess player invited his five sons to his deathbed e challenged them each to brea. one stic. )he sons easily accomplished this tas. )he father then put all five stic.s together, and challenged the eldest son to brea. the bundle -- and the eldest son bro.e them all at once over his .nee )he fathers last words were* #hat can & say4 6ll your life you were stupid and youll never learn anything )here  is only so much a teacher can do: only so much a student can do!&nstead of trying to conform to a systematic thin.ing method, do the following* + ;uild your position starting with your worst piece ;uilding a position means to thin. of each piece as a bric. )hese bric.s have different shapes, si<es, and weights, and the architect, the player, must find the most harmonious way to fit them together, logically first trying to place hisworst piece on a better suare #hen building a position, we are tal.ing about situations to which there is no clear solution / 3oo. for simple +-/ move combinations ala Capablanca0 )ry to get into your opponents head to predict his next move and save time 7uring a chess game, you must consider your opponents plans ave you thought about what he wants to do, or are you =ust examining your own ideas4 &f you .eep your opponents desires constant in your mind, you will not miss his tric.s (but people forget this every time 7uring the game, you must not only be as good as your opponent, but better)here is a =o.e* a 9ussian and an 6merican were in the desert running away from a lion 8uddenly, the 6merican stops and starts to change his shoes )he 9ussian laughs and says, 1ou thin. 6didas will help you run faster than the lion4 o, the 6merican replied, & only have to run faster than you! )his =o.edescribes a real chess game perfectly#hen you play chess, you must get inside your opponents head: thin. how he thin.s, sit li.e he sits, feel what he feels 1ou must study your opponent and .now his move before he ma.es it )his is crucial for victory #hen it is your opponents turn, you do not have free time -- it is time to examine your adversary )his psychological techniue (called mirroring is difficult to practice, but if you are patient and really study theopponent, you will see a lot: youll .now what moving his hand to get a pen means!>osition ;uilding, waiting for simple +-/ move combinations, and reading the opponent, are your only duties during a tournament game?sually, the result is decided by time-trouble mista.es )his is where chance and blind luc. rear their heads in chess >layers have no time to thin., so playing uic.ly and having more time than your opponent is a big advantage 3earn to play fast )hin. on your opponents time! )he cloc. is a ma=or part of the game, and time pressure on your opponent  (by ma.ing fast moves plays a big role in deciding the outcome of a contest between two eually strong opponents 6ctually, & believe the secret of winning tournament games is to win on time! )ry to play the firstten moves in ten minutes: the game doesnt usually start until move twenty, at which point you must simply wait to ta.e advantage of your opponents mista.es7o not get into time trouble yourself! 6 chess game is a time for action, not thin.ing )hin. before the game 6le.hine had said that using time trouble as an excuse for a loss was li.e a criminal pleading that he was drun. during a crime, which is really two crimes* being drun. and committing the crime! )ime trouble is a psychological problem, not a chess problem &t is usually caused by fear, indecision, or some other human wea.ness not related to chess 7iscover the source of your time trouble, and root it outow long should a player spend on a move4 6s much time as is necessaryto be certain the move is not losing! One thing that might help is to .eep in mind that you will play this position many times in the future, and you will have a chance to try other interesting moves later #hat you have to be certain about is that your move is not a blunder 1our own excitement generated by your ideas will often ma.e you forget to chec. for simple mista.es 5a.e your move only when you are certain about it @irtually allmista.es are the result of simple one-move blunders1ou need a mathematical , Kotov-li.e way of thin.ing for situations that reuire great patience to chec. all possibilities (li.e in roo. or pawn endings or closed middle games: otherwise, you will miss important issues of a position 8ometimes these issues are anti-intuitive and belong to the world of imagination )empi are important in every chess position, but especially in closed positions 3ines for your pieces are bloc.ed, so you may not have time to defend yourself 1ou have to be precise &n these situations you must try to chec. all possible moves -- the mathematical way of chess! )his can be done by the human brain, but only in two situations* (+ when there are only four pieces on the board (five for a genius!, and (/ if the humanalready .nows the solution &n this second case & am tal.ing about the positions already in a players vocabulary that fly in the mind at light speed and are .nown by hand ot even great players li.e 6le.hine can mathematically examine a position involving more than four or five pieces without errors& am against abstract opening preparation for a tournament game, but advocate deep preparation against concrete opponents 1ou must not playwithout preparation against un.nown adversaries: 9ussian roulette is not  my .ind of game (in 9ussia we call it 6merican roulette! Chess is a gamble, so stac. the odds with as much .nowledge about your opponent as possible >reparation should be made for every game, even five-minuteclub games 5a.e guesses about the stream of the game and which opening will occur: after the contest, you can compare your pre-game thoughts with what really happened )his practice will improve your abilityto guess correct moves and read your opponent )he more games you play with a little preparation, the better your future preparation and games will be 7uring a game, you cannot thin. deeply: chess is not a time for thin.ing, it is time for action: it is show time!)o prepare for a chess game, analy<e every one of your moves from previous games for positions you are li.ely to encounter in the upcoming game %xamine your own games everyday 1ou should remember them all 6lso, memori<e the games of masters who play your opening#hen analy<ing your own games, as. these uestions* + #ho before me played this line4 / #here will & play differently next time40 #here was the last mista.e of the game4A ow many mista.es did & ma.e4B ow many mista.es did my opponent ma.e4 #hy did & spend so much time on this move4D #hat else could & do differently4 E #hat does my computer thin. about these different possibilities4&f you had followed the wrong plan, accept it, figure out where you went astray, and remember the right path for next time 6fter awhile, you will reali<e that your chess games are not uniue and that very similar positions have occurred many times before Of course, a uniue position reuires you to thin. (but & have never encountered completely singular positions in my practice &f you go astray and lose a pawn, do not despair 6ccording to 7r Fohn unn, being a pawn up is not enough of an advantage (in master level chess for winning a game )he materially stronger side always allows counter play 1ou should use this secret in your own games: a pawn up or down does not determine the outcome of a game %ven Capablanca said that the best strategy when having an extra pawn is to win a second one! Gor practical over-the-board play, try to be in the state of mind as described by the five steps below*+ Observing your opponent, waiting for tactics to begin/ 1ou are not attac.ing or defending: you are neither aggressive nor passive
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