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  CNC router1 CNC router A CNC router is a computer controlled cutting machine. These are related to the hand held router. Instead of handheld routing, the tool paths can be controlled via computer numerical control. It is a computer-controlled machine forcutting various hard materials, such as wood, composites, aluminum, steel, plastics, and foams. It is one of manykinds of tools that have CNC variants. A CNC router is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Drawing of a Tabletop DIY - CNC router. Silver:Iron, Red: Stepper Motors, Light Brown: MDF,Dark Brown: Hard Wood CNC routers come in many configurations, from small home-styleD.I.Y. desktop like k2 cnc, to large industrial CNC routers used insign shops, cabinet making, aerospace and boat-making facilities.Although there are many configurations, most CNC routers have a fewspecific parts: a dedicated CNC controller, one or more spindle motors,servo motors, Stepper Motors, servo amplifiers, AC inverter drives,linear guides, ball nuts and a workspace table or tables. In addition,CNC routers may have vacuum pumps, with grid table tops or t slothold down fixtures to hold the parts in place for cutting.CNC routers are generally available in 3-axis and 5-axis CNC formats.Many Manufacturers offer A and B Axis for full 6 Axis capabilities.The CNC router is controlled by a computer. Coordinates are uploadedinto the machine controller from a separate CAD program. CNC routerowners often have two software applications  € one program to make designs (CAD) and another to translate thosedesigns into a 'G-Code' program of instructions for the machine (CAM). As with CNC milling machines, CNCrouters can be controlled directly by manual programming, and CAD/CAM opens up wider possibilities forcontouring, speeding up the programming process and in some cases creating programs whose manual programmingwould be, if not truly impossible, certainly commercially impractical.A CNC router typically produces consistent and high-quality work and improves factory productivity. Unlike a jigrouter, the CNC router can produce a one-off as effectively as repeated identical production. Automation andprecision are the key benefits of cnc router tables.A CNC router can reduce waste, frequency of errors, and the time the finished product takes to get to market. Forexample, CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindlemoulder, and the boring machine. It can also cut mortises and tenons.A CNC router can be used in the production of many different items, such as door carvings, interior and exteriordecorations, wood panels, sign boards, wooden frames, moldings, musical instruments, furniture, and so on. Inaddition, the CNC router helps in the thermoforming of plastics by automating the trimming process. CNC routerscan help ensure part repeatability and sufficient factory output.  CNC router2 CAM (computer-aided manufacturing) CAM software make the CAD drawing/design into a code called g-code.This code the CNC machine canunderstand. Types Wood Main article: CNC wood router A typical CNC wood router A CNC wood router is a CNC Router tool that creates objects fromwood. CNC stands for computer numerical control. The CNC works onthe Cartesian coordinate system (X, Y, Z) for 3D motion control. Partsof a project can be designed in the computer with a CAD/CAMprogram, and then cut automatically using a router or other cutters toproduce a finished part.The CNC Router is ideal for hobbies,engineering prototyping, product development, art, and productionwork. Metal Main article: Milling machine Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material [1] from a workpiece advancing (or  feeding ) in a direction at an angle with the axis of the tool. [2][3] It covers a wide variety of different operations andmachines, on scales from small individual parts to large, heavy-duty gang milling operations. It is one of the mostcommonly used processes in industry and machine shops today for machining parts to precise sizes and shapes. References [1]Brown & Sharpe 1914, p. 7.[2][2]CMMC 1922, p. 122.[3][3]Usher 1896, p. 142.  Article Sources and Contributors3 Article Sources and Contributors CNC router   Source : Contributors : Alien Tom, Andy Dingley, Axislad, Conifer, Dawnseeker2000, Dawynn, Doug Coldwell, Ego WhiteTray, Funandtrvl, Jcgrob, Jdwolin, Jim1138, Kazfernandes, Kram40222, Lilrags16, Lockley, MagicMouseNet, Michael Barera, MrSubject, Mrjohncummings, Patchy1, Pradeepdesign, RASAM,RJFJR, Rockcliff, Ruy Pugliesi, SMasters, Sad Flying Petal, Shadowjams, Sigmundpetersen, Sniffnoy, Three-quarter-ten, Tommy2010, Wikizeta, 28 anonymous edits Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors File:Homebuild cnc colored.png   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors :User:MagicMouseNet File:CNC Router.png   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors : User:Drigotti License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 // 
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