Computer Management

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  Business Process Re-engineering has rapidly developed towards a new management philosophy. The inherent business process orientation changes the perspective of international management from a structural to that of a process view. The re-engineering of business processes is only one aspect of the management of business processes. In particular, the re-engineering of international business processes needs special attention, because the multi-faceted structure of multinational corporations increases the complexity of business processes, there by influencing the options for redesign. Business Process Re-engineering has rapidly developed towards a new management philosophy based upon predecessors like Total Quality Management, Overhead Value Analysis, Kanban or Just-In-Time-Management. Business processes can be re-engineered by redesigning the steps, by changing the logical and temporal sequence of the steps, or by changing any other characteristics of the process. The role of IT is discussed in contradictory way. Advocates of information systems favor the view that the new technology is an enabler of process re-engineering. IT has to be monitored constantly to determine whether it can generate new process designs or contribute to the performance of a business process. The breakthrough of BPR is closely connected with IT, which opens new dimensions of process reorganization. Moreover, those who take the initiative in process improvement/redesign, influence the role of IT. If the data processing department initiates the process change, then IT will have more of a generator function for new process redesigns. If on the other hand, the top management sets off the change process, then the process will be first restructured and later optimized through IT. When an information system is being developed, much importance should be given to the structure of the organization, culture of the organization, etc. But along with these, especial attention should also be given to the technical side of MIS. The various contemporary approaches to MIS development can be summarized as 1.The Technical Approach  a) Based on the mathematical and the normative models. b) Physical technology forms the back bone of such an approach. c) Such an approach mainly finds much needed contributions from the disciplines like computer science, management science, operations research etc. 2. The Behavioral Approach  a) Based on the impact of the behavior and also on the response of the people in the organization. b) Motivational Feasibility forms a very important and demanding part of such an approach towards MIS development. 3. The Socio Technical Approach  a) In the beginning, this approach was finding it hard to survive –  but now it is being accepted worldwide and is also being implemented at a very large scale. b) Involves key involvement of both of the above explained approaches. c) Improves the performance of the information system as a whole. Porter Millar postulates  Porter and Millar were the ones, who explained the affect of the information technology on the competition. According to them information technology is affecting competition in the following ways: a) Causes changes in the structure of the industry and as a result of this, rule of competitions are altered. b) Spawning of the whole new business takes place, and in much of the cases –  it  is caused from within the company’s existing operations.  c) Competitive advantage is created usually because of the new ways; the companies get to outperform their rivals. (a). Technical Approach The technical approach emphasises scientific modelling of businesses, technology and capabilities of systems. Management science emphasises models of decision-making and management. Combining this with an understanding of technical issues and computer science, this provides the technical approach to modern management.    Business modelling,    Computer science,    Operations research (b). Behavioural Approach The behavioural approach looks at the psychological, sociological and economic aspects of the system. This approach deals with issues of: Design, Implementation, Business integration, Management. The sociological  approach looks at these aspects from the point of view of how groups work together and the nature of organisations. The psychological  approach looks at how people perceive and use information systems, especially with respect to decision making. The economic  approach looks at how IT systems affect control structures and costs both within a company and in markets. .  What are the benefits & limitations of the relational database model for business application today? Why is the object-orienteddatabase model gaining acceptance for developing application and managing the hypermedia database at the business website? A.  Relational Database Model is based on tables and for management purposes. This model was invented by Edgar F. Codd in 1969.Edgar at that time was working at IBM. In the relational model of a database, all data is represented in terms of “tuples”  & grouped into“   relations”.  A database organized in terms of the relational model is a relational database.

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Jul 23, 2017
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