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digital_122560-S09111fk-Pola kepekaan-Bibliografi.pdf

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA 1. Tessy A, Ardayo, Suwanto. Infeksi salauran kemih dalam Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. Jilid 3. Edisi 3. Jakarta : Balai Penerbit FKUI; 2001. h .369 2. Achmad IA, dkk. Guidelines Penatalaksanaan Infeksi Saluran Kemih (ISK) dan Genetalia Pria. Jakarta.2007.hal.1 3. Ginting Yosia. Antimicrobial Usage of UTIs in Elderly in Abstracts Book 8th JADE 2007. Jakarta : Divisi penyakit tropis dan Infeksi IPD-RSCM ; h.18 4. Gonzalez CM, Schaeffer AJ. Treatment of urinary tract infec
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   53 Universitas Indonesia   DAFTAR PUSTAKA  1.   Tessy A, Ardayo, Suwanto. Infeksi salauran kemih dalam Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. Jilid 3. Edisi 3. Jakarta : Balai Penerbit FKUI; 2001. h .369 2.   Achmad IA, dkk. Guidelines Penatalaksanaan Infeksi Saluran Kemih (ISK) dan Genetalia Pria. Jakarta.2007.hal.1 3.   Ginting Yosia. Antimicrobial Usage of UTIs in Elderly in Abstracts Book 8 th  JADE 2007. Jakarta : Divisi penyakit tropis dan Infeksi IPD-RSCM ; h.18 4.   Gonzalez CM, Schaeffer AJ. Treatment of urinary tract infection: what’s old, what’s new, and what works. World J Urol. 1999;17(6): 372–82 5.   Sobel J D, Kaye D. Urinary tract infection in Mandell, douglas and Bennett’s. Principles and Practice of Infections Diseases. 6 th  ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2005. p. 881-2 6.   Hooton, T. M. Fluoroquinolones and resistance in the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents.2003. 22:565–72. 7.   Huang, E. S., and R. S. Stafford. National patterns in the treatment of urinary tract infections in women by ambulatory care physicians. Arch. Intern. Med. 200. 162:41–47. 8.    Naber, K. G. Survey on antibiotic usage in the treatment of urinary tract infections. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 2000. 46(Suppl. 1):49–52. 9.   Shao HF, Wang WP, Zhang XW, Li ZD. Distribution and resistance trends of  pathogens from urinary tract infections and impact on management.  Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2003;9(9):690–692, 696. 10.   Kahlmeter G. An international survey of the antimicrobial susceptibility of  pathogens from uncomplicated urinary tract infections: the ECO.SENS Project.  J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003;51(1):69–76. 11.   Iqbal J, Rahman M, Kabir MS, Rahman M. Increasing ciprofloxacin resistance among prevalent urinary tract bacterial isolates in Bangladesh.  Jpn  J Med Sci Biol. 1997;50(6):241–250. 12.   Tolun V, Kucukbasmaci O, Torumkuney-Akbulut D, Catal C, Ang-Kucuker M, Ang O. Relationship between ciprofloxacin resistance and Pola kepekaan ..., Firdaus N., FK UI., 2009  54 Universitas Indonesia extendedspectrum beta-lactamase production in  Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. ClinMicrobiol Infect. 2004;10(1):72–75. 13.   Hooper DC. Emerging Mechanism of Fluoroquinolone Resistance. Emerging Infectious Disease. Vol. 7, No. 2, March-April 2001 14.   Sukandar E. Infeksi saluran kemih pada pasien dewasa dalam Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. Jilid I. Edisi IV. Jakarta : Balai Penerbit FKUI; 2007. h.553-7 15.   Mims et al. Medical microbiology. 2 nd ed. London: Mosby; 2005. p. 25-7, 411-9 16.   Brooks GF, Butel JS, Morse SA. Jawetz, melnick, & adelberg’s medical microbiology. 23 rd ed. New York:Lange medical books;2004. p. 15-31, 184-6 17.   Boel T. infeksi Saluran Kemih. Diunduh dari USU digital library . 2004 18.   Crumplin, G. C., M. Kenwright, and T. Hirst. Investigations into the mechanisms of action of the antibacterial agent norfloxacin. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 1984. 13(Suppl. B):9-23. 19.   Ryan K J, editor. Sherris medical microbiology. New York: Prentice-Hall International Inc.; 1998 20.   Setiabudi Rianto. Pengantar Antimikroba dalam Farmakologi dan Terapi. Edisi 7. Jakarta: Gaya Baru; 2007. h. 596 21.   Setiabudy R. Golongan kuinolon dan fluorokuinolon. Dalam Farmakologi dan Terapi. Edisi 7. Jakarta: Gaya Baru; 2007. h. 718-719 22.   Drago L, De Vecchi E, Mombelli B, Nicola L, Valli M, Gismondo MR. Activity of levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin against urinary pathogens.  J  Antimicrob Chemother. 2001;48(1):37–45. 23.   Kamberi M, Tsutsumi K, Kotegawa T, et al. Influences of urinary pH on ciprofloxacin pharmacokinetics in humans and antimicrobial activity in vitro versus those of sparfloxacin.  Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999;43(3):525– 529. 24.   King DE, Malone R, Lilley SH. New classification and update on the quinolone antibiotics.  Am Fam Physician. 2000;61(9):2741–2748. 25.   Jacoby, G. A. Mechanisms of resistance to quinolones. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2005. 41(Suppl. 2):S120–S126. Pola kepekaan ..., Firdaus N., FK UI., 2009  55 Universitas Indonesia 26.    Nordmann, P., and L. Poirel. Emergence of plasmid-mediated resistance to quinolones in  Enterobacteriaceae . J.Antimicrob. 2005.Chemother. 56: 463-9. 27.   Robicsek, A., J. Strahilevitz, G. A. Jacoby, M. Macielag, D. Abbanat, C. H. Park, K. Bush, and D. C. Hooper. 2006. Fluoroquinolone-modifying enzyme: a new adaptation of a common aminoglycoside acetyltransferase. Nat. Med. 12:83–88. 28.   Samirah, dkk..Pola dan Sensitivitas Kuman di Penderita Infeksi Saluran Kemih dalam  Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pathology and Medical  Laboratory , Vol. 12, No. 3, Juli 2006: 110-113 29.    Navaneeth BV, Belwadi S, Suganthi N. Urinary pathogens’ resistance to common antibiotics: a retrospective analysis. Trop Doct. 2002;32(1):20–22. 30.   Mathai D, Jones RN, PfallerMA. Epidemiology and frequency of resistance among pathogens causing urinary tract infections in 1,510 hospitalized  patients: a report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (North America).  Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001;40(3):129–136. 31.   Farooqi BJ, Shareeq F, Rizvi QK, Qureshi HS, Ashfaq MK. Changing pattern of antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms causing community acquired urinary tract infections.  J Pak Med Assoc. 2000;50(11):369–373. 32.   Astal ZE. Increasing ciprofloxacin resistance among prevalent urinary tract  bacterial isolates in Gaza Strip, Palestine.  J of Biomed an Biotech. 2005;2005(3):238-41. 33.   Refdanita, Maksum R, Nurgani A, Endang. Pola kepekaan kuman terhadap antibiotika di ruang rawat intensif Rumah Sakit Fatmawati Jakarta tahun 2001 – 2002. Makara, kesehatan 2004;8(2):41-8. 34.   Diekema, D. J., B. J. BootsMiller, T. E. Vaugh, R. F. Woolson, J. W. Yankey, E. J. Ernst, S. D. Flach, M. M. Ward, C. L. J. Franciscus, M. A. Pfaller, and B. N. Doebbeling. 2004. Antimicrobial resistance trends and outbreak frequency in United States hospitals. Clin. Infect. Dis. 38:78–85. 35.    Neuhauser, M. M., R. A. Weinstein, R. Rydman, L. H. Danziger, G. Karam, and J. P. Quinn. 2003. Antibiotic resistance among Gram negative bacilli in US intensive care units. JAMA 289:885–888. Pola kepekaan ..., Firdaus N., FK UI., 2009  56 Universitas Indonesia 36.   Viray, M., D. Linkin, J. N. Maslow, D. D. Stieritz, L. S. Carson, W. B. Bilker, and E. Lautenbach. Longitudinal trends in antimicrobial susceptibilities across long-term-care facilities: emergence of fluoroquinolone resistance. Infect. Cont. Hosp. Epidemiol. 2005. 26:56–62. 37.   Zhanel, G. G., T. L. Hisanaga, N. M. Laing, et al, and the NAUTICA Group. Antibiotic resistance in outpatient urinary isolates: final results from the  North American Urinary Tract Infection Collaborative Alliance (NAUTICA). Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents. 2005. 26:380–388. 38.   Goettsch, W., W. van Pelt, N. Nagelkerke, M. et al. Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolones in Escherichia coli from urinary tract infections in The  Netherlands. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 2000. 46:223–228. 39.   Alos JI, Serrano MG, Gomez-Garces JL, Perianes J: Antibiotic resistance of  Escherichia coli from community acquired urinary tract infections in relation to demographic and clinical data. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005, 11:199-203. 40.   Hames L, Rice CE: Antimicrobial Resistance of Urinary Tract Isolates in acute uncomplicated cystitis among college aged women: Choosing a first line therapy.  J Am Coll Health 2007, 56:153-156. 41.   Pola kepekaan ..., Firdaus N., FK UI., 2009
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