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Digital Video Broadcasting measurement guidelines.

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Measurement Guidelines for DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting) system.Contains DVB-S,S2,C,H.....
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    ETSI TR 101 290 V1.3.1 (2014-07)   Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement guidelines for DVB systems TECHNICAL REPORT    ETSI ETSI TR 101 290 V1.3.1 (2014-07) 2  Reference RTR/JTC-DVB-340 Keywords broadcasting, digital, DVB, TV, video ETSI 650 Route des Lucioles F-06921 Sophia Antipolis Cedex - FRANCE   Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16 Siret N°348 623 562 00017 - NAF 742 C Association à but non lucratif enregistrée à la Sous-Préfecture de Grasse (06) N°7803/88 Important notice The present document can be downloaded from: http://www.etsi.org The present document may be made available in electronic versions and/or in print. The content of any electronic and/or print versions of the present document shall not be modified without the prior written authorization of ETSI. In case of any existing or perceived difference in contents between such versions and/or in print, the only prevailing document is the print of the Portable Document Format (PDF) version kept on a specific network drive within ETSI Secretariat. Users of the present document should be aware that the document may be subject to revision or change of status. Information on the current status of this and other ETSI documents is available at http://portal.etsi.org/tb/status/status.asp If you find errors in the present document, please send your comment to one of the following services: http://portal.etsi.org/chaircor/ETSI_support.asp  Copyright Notification No part may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm except as authorized by written permission of ETSI. The content of the PDF version shall not be modified without the written authorization of ETSI. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.  © European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2014.  © European Broadcasting Union 2014. All rights reserved. DECT TM , PLUGTESTS TM , UMTS TM  and the ETSI logo are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members. 3GPP TM and LTE ™ are Trade Marks of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners. GSM  ® and the GSM loo are Trade Marks reistered and owned b the GSM Association.    ETSI ETSI TR 101 290 V1.3.1 (2014-07) 3 Contents Intellectual Property Rights .............................................................................................................................. 10 󰀠 Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................... 10 󰀠 Modal verbs terminology .................................................................................................................................. 10 󰀠 1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 11 󰀠 2 References .............................................................................................................................................. 11 󰀠 2.1 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................... 11 󰀠 2.2 Informative references ...................................................................................................................................... 11 󰀠 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ................................................................................................. 13 󰀠 3.1 Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 13 󰀠 3.2 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 13 󰀠 3.3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 14 󰀠 4 General ................................................................................................................................................... 17 󰀠 5 Measurement and analysis of the MPEG-2 Transport Stream ............................................................... 19 󰀠 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19 󰀠 5.2 List of parameters recommended for evaluation .............................................................................................. 19 󰀠 5.2.1 First priority: necessary for de-codability (basic monitoring) .................................................................... 21 󰀠 5.2.2 Second priority: recommended for continuous or periodic monitoring ...................................................... 23 󰀠 5.2.3 Third priority: application dependant monitoring ....................................................................................... 24 󰀠 5.3 Measurement of MPEG-2 Transport Streams in networks ............................................................................... 29 󰀠 5.3.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 29 󰀠 5.3.2 System clock and PCR measurements ........................................................................................................ 29 󰀠 5.3.2.1 Reference model for system clock and PCR measurements ................................................................. 29 󰀠 5.3.2.2 Measurement descriptions ..................................................................................................................... 31 󰀠 5.3.2.3 Program Clock Reference - Frequency Offset PCR_FO ....................................................................... 31 󰀠 5.3.2.4 Program Clock Reference – Drift Rate PCR_DR ................................................................................. 32 󰀠 5.3.2.5 Program Clock Reference - Overall Jitter PCR_OJ .............................................................................. 32 󰀠 5.3.2.6 Program Clock Reference – Accuracy PCR_AC .................................................................................. 32 󰀠 5.3.3 Bitrate measurement ................................................................................................................................... 32 󰀠 5.3.3.1 Bitrate measurement algorithm ............................................................................................................. 33 󰀠 5.3.3.2 Preferred values for Bitrate Measurement ............................................................................................. 34 󰀠 5.3.3.3 Nomenclature ........................................................................................................................................ 34 󰀠 5.3.4 Consistency of information check .............................................................................................................. 35 󰀠 5.3.4.1 Transport_Stream_ID check ................................................................................................................. 35 󰀠 5.3.5 TS parameters in transmission systems with reduced SI data ..................................................................... 35 󰀠 5.4 Measurement of availability at MPEG-2 Transport Stream level .................................................................... 36 󰀠 5.5 Evaluation of service performance by combination of TS related parameters ................................................. 37 󰀠 5.6 Parameters for CI related applications .............................................................................................................. 37 󰀠 5.6.1 Latency ....................................................................................................................................................... 38 󰀠 5.6.2 CI_module_delay_variation ........................................................................................................................ 39 󰀠 5.6.3 Input_output_TS comparison...................................................................................................................... 39 󰀠 5.6.4 CI_module_throughput ............................................................................................................................... 39 󰀠 5.6.5 Valid TS on CI ............................................................................................................................................ 39 󰀠 6 Common parameters for satellite and cable transmission media ........................................................... 40 󰀠 6.1 System availability ........................................................................................................................................... 40 󰀠 6.2 Link availability ............................................................................................................................................... 40 󰀠 6.3 BER before RS decoder ................................................................................................................................... 41 󰀠 6.3.1 Out of service .............................................................................................................................................. 41 󰀠 6.3.2 In service ..................................................................................................................................................... 41 󰀠 6.4 Error events logging ......................................................................................................................................... 41 󰀠 6.5 Transmitter symbol clock jitter and accuracy ................................................................................................... 42 󰀠 6.6 RF/IF signal power ........................................................................................................................................... 42 󰀠 6.7 Noise power...................................................................................................................................................... 42 󰀠    ETSI ETSI TR 101 290 V1.3.1 (2014-07) 4 6.8 Bit error count after RS .................................................................................................................................... 42 󰀠 6.9 IQ signal analysis ............................................................................................................................................. 43 󰀠 6.9.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 43 󰀠 6.9.2 Modulation Error Ratio (MER) .................................................................................................................. 44 󰀠 6.9.3 System Target Error (STE) (void) .............................................................................................................. 44 󰀠 6.9.4 Carrier suppression ..................................................................................................................................... 44 󰀠 6.9.5 Amplitude Imbalance (AI) .......................................................................................................................... 45 󰀠 6.9.6 Quadrature Error (QE) ................................................................................................................................ 46 󰀠 6.9.7 Residual Target Error (RTE) ...................................................................................................................... 46 󰀠 6.9.8 Coherent interferer ...................................................................................................................................... 46 󰀠 6.9.9 Phase Jitter (PJ) ........................................................................................................................................... 47 󰀠 6.9.10 Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) ...................................................................................................................... 48 󰀠 6.10 Interference ....................................................................................................................................................... 48 󰀠 7 Cable specific measurements ................................................................................................................. 49 󰀠 7.1 Noise margin .................................................................................................................................................... 49 󰀠 7.2 Estimated noise margin .................................................................................................................................... 49 󰀠 7.3 Signal quality margin test ................................................................................................................................. 49 󰀠 7.4 Equivalent Noise Degradation (END) .............................................................................................................. 50 󰀠 7.5 BER vs. E b  /N 0 ................................................................................................................................................... 51 󰀠 7.6 Phase noise of RF carrier .................................................................................................................................. 51 󰀠 7.7 Amplitude, phase and impulse response of the channel ................................................................................... 51 󰀠 7.8 Out of band emissions ...................................................................................................................................... 51 󰀠 8 Satellite specific measurements .............................................................................................................. 52 󰀠 8.1 BER before Viterbi decoding ........................................................................................................................... 52 󰀠 8.2 Receive BER vs. E b  /N 0  ..................................................................................................................................... 52 󰀠 8.3 IF spectrum ....................................................................................................................................................... 53 󰀠 9 Measurements specific for a terrestrial (DVB-T) system ....................................................................... 53 󰀠 9.1 RF frequency measurements ............................................................................................................................ 55 󰀠 9.1.1 RF frequency accuracy (Precision) ............................................................................................................. 56 󰀠 9.1.2 RF channel width (Sampling Frequency Accuracy) ................................................................................... 56 󰀠 9.1.3 Symbol Length measurement at RF (Guard Interval verification) .............................................................. 57 󰀠 9.2 Selectivity ......................................................................................................................................................... 57 󰀠 9.3 AFC capture range............................................................................................................................................ 57 󰀠 9.4 Phase noise of Local Oscillators (LO) .............................................................................................................. 58 󰀠 9.5 RF/IF signal power ........................................................................................................................................... 59 󰀠 9.6 Noise power...................................................................................................................................................... 59 󰀠 9.7 RF and IF spectrum .......................................................................................................................................... 59 󰀠 9.8 Receiver sensitivity/ dynamic range for a Gaussian channel............................................................................ 59 󰀠 9.9 Equivalent Noise Degradation (END) .............................................................................................................. 60 󰀠 9.9.1 Equivalent Noise Floor (ENF) .................................................................................................................... 60 󰀠 9.10 Linearity characterization (shoulder attenuation) ............................................................................................. 61 󰀠 9.11 Power efficiency ............................................................................................................................................... 61 󰀠 9.12 Coherent interferer ........................................................................................................................................... 61 󰀠 9.13 BER vs. C/N ratio by variation of transmitter power ....................................................................................... 61 󰀠 9.14 BER vs. C/N ratio by variation of Gaussian noise power ................................................................................ 62 󰀠 9.15 BER before Viterbi (inner) decoder ................................................................................................................. 62 󰀠 9.16 BER before RS (outer) decoder ........................................................................................................................ 62 󰀠 9.16.1 Out of Service ............................................................................................................................................. 62 󰀠 9.16.2 In Service .................................................................................................................................................... 63 󰀠 9.17 BER after RS (outer) decoder (Bit error count) ................................................................................................ 63 󰀠 9.18 IQ signal analysis ............................................................................................................................................. 63 󰀠 9.18.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 63 󰀠 9.18.2 Modulation Error Ratio (MER) .................................................................................................................. 65 󰀠 9.18.3 System Target Error (STE) (void) .............................................................................................................. 65 󰀠 9.18.4 Carrier Suppression (CS) ............................................................................................................................ 65 󰀠 9.18.5 Amplitude Imbalance (AI) .......................................................................................................................... 66 󰀠 9.18.6 Quadrature Error (QE) ................................................................................................................................ 67 󰀠 9.18.7 Phase Jitter (PJ) ........................................................................................................................................... 68 󰀠 9.19 Overall signal delay .......................................................................................................................................... 69 󰀠 9.20 SFN synchronization ........................................................................................................................................ 70 󰀠

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