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    Angol nyelv emelt szint — írásbeli vizsga 0802 I. Olvasott szöveg értése Azonosító  jel: ANGOL NYELV EMELT SZINT Ű  ÍRÁSBELI VIZSGA 2009. október 22. 8:00 I. Olvasott szöveg értése Id ő tartam: 70 perc Pótlapok száma Tisztázati Piszkozati OKTATÁSI ÉS KULTURÁLIS MINISZTÉRIUM     É   R   E   T   T   S    É   G   I   V   I   Z   S   G   A        ●     2   0   0   9 .  o   k   t   ó   b  e  r   2   2 .    írásbeli vizsga, I. vizsgarész 2 / 12 2009. október 22. 0802 Angol nyelv — emelt szint Azonosító  jel:    írásbeli vizsga, I. vizsgarész 3 / 12 2009. október 22. 0802 Angol nyelv — emelt szint Azonosító  jel: Fontos tudnivalók ã   Az utasításokat pontosan kell követni. Csak az utasításban megadott helyre beírt megoldás fogadható el. ã   Mindig csak egy megoldást szabad beírni. ã   A bet ű  jelek legyenek jól olvashatóak, az esetleges javítások pedig egyértelm ű ek. ã   A megadott szószámot nem szabad túllépni. Az összevont alakok egy szónak számí-tanak (pl. “it’s”  egy szó, “it is”  két szó).    írásbeli vizsga, I. vizsgarész 4 / 12 2009. október 22. 0802 Angol nyelv — emelt szint Azonosító  jel: Task 1 ã   In this passage you can read about a study on some helpful babies. ã   Your task is to match the half sentences that follow the text. ã   Write the letters in the boxes as shown in the example. Use each letter once only. ã   There is an extra letter you do not need. STUDY SHOWS BABIES TRY TO HELP   It was a simple experiment to illustrate fairly sophisticated brain development: toddlers watched as psychology researcher Felix Warneken did ordinary tasks, such as using clothespins to hang some towels. Oops, he dropped a clothespin. Video shows one baby in overalls glancing between Warneken's face and the dropped pin before quickly crawling over, grabbing the object,  pushing up to his feet and eagerly handing back the pin. Warneken never asked for the help and didn't even say thank you, so as not to spoil the research by training youngsters to expect praise if they helped. After all, altruism means helping with no expectation of anything in return. Over and over, whether Warneken dropped clothespins or knocked over a stack of  books or lost a marker he was going to write with, each of 24 toddlers repeatedly helped within seconds – but only if it looked like Warneken needed it. That was the key: the toddlers offered no help when he deliberately pulled a book off the stack or threw a marker on the floor, Warneken, of Germany's Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, reports in Thursday's edition of the journal Science . To be altruistic, babies must have the cognitive ability to understand other people's goals plus possess what Warneken calls pro-social motivation – a desire to socialize. When those two things come together – they obviously do so at 18 months of age and maybe earlier – they are able to help, Warneken explained.  No other animal is as altruistic as humans are. We donate to charity, recycle for the environment, give up a subway seat to the elderly – tasks that seldom bring a return beyond a sense of gratification. However, many feel that we still have a long way to go.


Jul 23, 2017


Jul 23, 2017
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