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Ebralinag Case,Digest

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  Ebranilag v. The Division of Supt. of Schools Digest Ebranilag, et. al. v. The Division Supt. of SchoolsMarch 1, 1993 FACTS: 1. In G.R. No. 95770 Roel Ebralinag, et al. v. !iviion S#erinten$ent o% S&'ool o% Ceb an$ (anel F. )iong&og, Ceb !itri&t S#ervior, t'e #etitioner are *+ 'ig'&'ool an$ eleentar- &'ool t$ent in everal ton o% in Ceb #rovin&e. Allinor, t'e- are aite$ b- t'eir #arent 'o belong to t'e religio gro# /non a e'ova' 2itne. T'i i a &onoli$ate$ #etition.3. All t'e #etitioner in t'ee to &ae ere e4#elle$ %ro t'eir &lae b- t'e #bli&&'ool at'oritie in Ceb %or re%ing to alte t'e ag, ing t'e national ant'e an$re&ite t'e #atrioti& #le$ge a re6ire$ b- RA 135 o% l- 11, 1955, an$ b- !8 No.  o% t'e !ECS a/ing t'e ag &ereon- &o#lor- in all e$&ational intittion+. In G.R. No. 957, (a- Aolo, et al. v. !iviion S#erinten$ent o% S&'ool o% Ceban$ Antonio A. Sangtan, t'e #etitioner are 35 'ig' &'ool an$ gra$e &'oolt$ent enrolle$ in #bli& &'ool in Atria, Ceb, 'oe #arent are e'ova'2itnee. )ot' #etition ere #re#are$ b- t'e ae &onel, Attorne- Felino (.Ganal.*. T'e e'ova' 2itnee a$itte$l- tea&' t'eir &'il$ren not to alte t'e ag, ingt'e national ant'e, an$ re&ite t'e #atrioti& #le$ge %or t'e- believe t'at t'oe are a&t o% or'i# or religio $evotion onl- given to Go$.T'e- &oni$er t'e ag a aniage or i$ol re#reenting t'e State . T'e- t'in/ t'e a&tion o% t'e lo&al at'oritie in&o#elling t'e ag alte an$ #le$ge tran&en$ &ontittional liitation on t'eState #oer an$ inva$e t'e #'ere o% t'e intelle&t an$ #irit 'i&' t'e Contittion#rote&t againt o;&ial &ontrol 5. In 199, t'e !ECS Regional 8;&e in Ceb re&eive$ &o#laint abot tea&'er an$##il belonging to t'e e'ova' 2itnee, an$ enrolle$ in vario #bli& an$ #rivate&'ool, 'o re%e$ to ing t'e <'ili##ine national ant'e, alte t'e <'ili##ine agan$ re&ite t'e #atrioti& #le$ge.. T'e t$ent an$ t'eir #arent =le$ t'ee #e&ial &ivil a&tion%or Mandamus , Certiorari an$ <ro'ibition alleging t'at t'e #bli& re#on$ent a&te$it'ot or in e4&e o% t'eir >ri$i&tion an$ it' grave abe o% $i&retion ? @1 inor$ering t'eir e4#lion it'ot #rior noti&e an$ 'earing, 'en&e, in violation o% t'eir  rig't to $e #ro&e, t'eir rig't to %ree #bli& e$&ation, an$ t'eir rig't to %ree$o o% #ee&', religion an$ or'i# 7. T'e Cort ie$ a TR8 an$ a rit o% #reliinar- an$ator- in>n&tion an$ or$ere$to ie$iatel- reBa$it t'e #etitioner to t'eir re#e&tive &lae ntil %rt'er or$er. ISSE: 2'et'er or not t'e e4#lion i vali$ NO. The court upheld t'e #etitioner rig't n$er t'e Contittion to re%e to alte t'e <'ili##ine ag ona&&ont o% t'eir religio belie%. R eligious freedo as a fundaental right deserving the !highest priorit and aplestprotection aong huan rights. #t reversed the e$pulsion orders ade b the public respondents therein as violative of both thefree e$ercise of religion clause and the right of citi%ens to education under the 19&' (onstitution.  Alt'og' t'e Cort #'ol$ in t'i $e&iion nevert'ele, t'at anot'er %oreigninvaion o% or &ontr- ill not be ne&ear- in or$er %or or &ontr-en to a##re&iatean$ &'eri' t'e <'ili##ine ag
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