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Enabling and using the _root_ user in Mac OS X.pdf

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Enabling and using the root user in Mac OS X The root user in Mac OS X is disabled by default. Follow the steps in this article to enable and use it, if needed. Important: If you are not familiar with the meaning of root user, read this entire article to learn important precautionary information before using the root user. You must have an administrator account and password to complete the steps below. About the root user The user named root is a special user in UNIX‑style operating syste
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  Enabling and using the root user in Mac OS X The root user in Mac OS X is disabled by default. Follow the steps in this article to enable and use it, if needed. Important: If you are not familiar with the meaning of root user, read this entire article to learn importantprecautionary information before using the root user. You must have an administrator account and password tocomplete the steps below. About the root user The user named root is a special user in UNIX‑style operating systems that has read and write privileges to allareas of the file system. The root user should only be used for specific administration or monitoring tasks. Aftercompleting a task as the root user, you should log out of Mac OS X and log back in using a normal oradministrator account. You should disable root access if you do not use it often.The root user does not appear in Users or Accounts preferences. Important notes Only the owner of a computer or its designated administrator(s) should have an administrator account or theroot password.Any user with an administrator account can become the root user or reset the root password.A root password should be difficult to guess, containing both numbers and letters within the first eightcharacters.A root user has the ability to access other users' files.The root user has the ability to relocate or remove required system files and to introduce new files inlocations that are protected from other users. How to enable the root user OS X Lion1. From the Apple  menu choose System Preferences... .2. From the View  menu choose Users & Groups .3. Click the lock and authenticate as an administrator account.4. Click Login Options....5. Click the Edit... or Join... button at the bottom right.6. Click the Open Directory Utility... button.7. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.8. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.9. Choose Enable Root User from the Edit  menu.10. Enter the root password you wish to use in both the Password and Verify fields, then click OK.Mac OS X v10.6.x1. From the Apple  menu choose System Preferences... .2. From the View  menu choose Accounts .3. Click on the lock and authenticate with an administrator account.4. Click Login Options....5. Click the Edit... or Join... button at the bottom right.6. Click the Open Directory Utility... button.7. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.8. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.9. Choose Enable Root User from the Edit  menu.10. Enter the root password you wish to use in both the Password and Verify fields, then click OK. Note : If you are troubleshooting an issue that prevents you from logging in as an administrator, follow the stepsin this article to enable the root user.Mac OS X v10.5.x1. From the Finder's Go  menu, choose Utilities .2. Open Directory Utility.3. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.4. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.5. Choose Enable Root User from the Edit  menu.6. Enter the root password you wish to use in both the Password and Verify fields, then click OK. Note : If you are troubleshooting an issue that prevents you from logging in as an administrator, follow the stepsin this article to enable the root user. Languages English  Mac OS X v10.4.x or earlier1. Click the Finder icon in the Dock.2. From the Go menu, choose Applications .3. Open the Utilities folder.4. Open the NetInfo Manager utility.5. Click the lock in the NetInfo Manager window.6. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.7. For Mac OS X 10.2 and later, choose Enable Root User  from the Security menu.8. For Mac OS X 10.0 and 10.1, choose Security  from the Domain menu, then Enable Root User  from thesubmenu.9. If you have not previously set a root password, an alert box may appear that says NetInfo Error, indicatingthat the password is blank. Click OK.10. Enter the root password you wish to use and click Set.11. Enter the password again for verification and click Verify.12. Click the lock again to prevent changes.  How to log in as root Use these steps for Mac OS X v10.2 or later1. If you are logged in, choose Log Out  from the Apple menu.2. If you are logging in from a list of usernames with pictures, click Other.3. In the Name field, type: root  4. In the Password field, type the password you defined in the steps above.Use these steps for Mac OS X v10.0 to v10.1.5After enabling the root user, you must log out from Mac OS X and log back in as the root user. Logging in to MacOS X from a list of usernames is the default behavior for later versions of Mac OS X. Logging in by typing yourusername in a text entry field is the default behavior in earlier versions of Mac OS X. You can choose eithermethod in Login preferences. The root user does not appear in the list, so you need the text entry option. If necessary, follow these steps to change the login method to text entry:1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences .2. From the View menu, choose Login .3. Click the Login Window tab.4. Select the radio button for Name and password entry fields. Follow these steps to log in as root:1. If you are logged in, choose Log Out  from the Apple menu.2. In the Name field, type: root3. In the Password field, type the password you defined in the steps above. How to disable the root user   OS X Lion1. From the Apple  menu choose System Preferences... .2. From the View  menu choose Users & Groups .3. Click on the lock and authenticate with an administrator account.4. Click Login Options....5. Click the Edit... or Join... button at the bottom right6. Click the Open Directory Utility... button. 7. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.8. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.9. Choose Disable Root User from the Edit  menu. Mac OS X v10.6.x1. From the Apple  menu choose System Preferences... .2. From the View  menu choose Accounts .3. Click on the lock and authenticate with an administrator account.4. Click Login Options....5. Click the Edit... or Join... button at the bottom right6. Click the Open Directory Utility... button. 7. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.8. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.9. Choose Disable Root User from the Edit  menu. Mac OS X v10.5.x  Mac OS X Server 10.3 or later: EnablingVPN‑PPTP access for users in an LDAP… Run the tool /usr/sbin/vpnaddkeyagentuser asroot with the LDAP node (directory in which usersare present) name as the argument. For example,if the server that's running the VPN Service is als…  OS X: How to change the languagedisplayed in the login window Enable the root user. To learn how to do this, seeEnabling and using the root user in Mac OS X . Mac OS X v10.5: Working with useraccounts and Accounts preferences Transferring files from one account to another onthe same Mac : This advanced article offers analternative way to copy directly from oneaccount's Home folder to another (steps 1…  Instructions for Enabling and using the root user in OSX 10.8 You don't want to run as root . Anything you needto do as root can be more easily done with sudo. What's the difference between the Adminand Root accounts in Mac OS X? Running as a standard user might prevent thatthreat since the standard user shouldn't be able toelevate their privileges. How do I remove iTunes plug‑ins after MacOS X Lion upgrade? How do I drop these things? I tried to enable myadmin username as the root user in hopes thatthat might work (I'm no Mac guru, I just followedinstructions from an internet search), but still I…  Ask other users about this article Start a Discussion in Apple Support Communities 1. Click the Finder icon in the Dock.2. From the Go  menu, choose Utilities .3. Open Directory Utility.4. Click the lock in the Directory Utility window.5. Enter an administrator account name and password, then click OK.6. Choose Disable Root User from the Edit menu.Mac OS X v10.4.x or earlier1. Open NetInfo Manager. It's in the Utilities folder.2. Click the lock.3. Enter the name and password for an administrator account, then click OK.4. For Mac OS X 10.2 and later, choose Disable Root User  from the Security menu.5. For Mac OS X 10.0 and 10.1, choose Security from the Domain menu, then Disable Root User  from thesubmenu. What is the root directory? The term root   is used in two distinct ways: The root user and the root directory. The root directory is thehighest directory level of a disk. The files and folders you see when you open (double‑click) your hard disk iconare the contents of that disk's root directory. A directory is represented graphically as a folder. You may knowyour home directory as your home folder. The terms folder and directory are generally interchangeable.A user's short name is also the name of his home directory.The Finder and the Terminal show different contents for the root directory. Some items in the root directory arenot visible in the Finder. This reduces visual clutter and enhances simplicity. If you are familiar with a UNIX‑stylecommand line you can use Terminal to view all items in a directory. Last Modified: Feb 7, 2012 RelatedAdditional Product Support Information Submit my question to the community Helpful? YesNo Mac OS X 10.6OS X Lion  See all questions on this article See all questions I have asked Contact Apple Support Need more help? Save time by starting your support request online and we'llconnect you to an expert.Get started

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Jul 23, 2017
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