Engleza Juridica

of 3
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
  1. Employment Law  – your sickness pay entitlement  is 30 days in any calendar year   – your anal holiday entitlement  is 25 days which cannot be carried over 2. Criminal law  – homicide  = a generic term or the !illing o another person  – murder  = the unlawul !illing o a person with intent  – parole  = a release rom preason beore the sentence is inished that depends on the  person #!eeping clean# and doing what he or she is supposed to do while out. $ the  person ails to meet the conditions the rest o the sentence must be served  – probation  = % !ind o punishment given out as part o a sentence which means that instead o &ailing a person convicted o a crime a iudge wiil order that the person reportsto an oicer regularly and according to a set schedule 'Lindsay Lohan(  – appellate  = reers to a higher court that can hear appeals rom a lower court  – court of appeal  = a court to which appeals are made on points o law resulting rom the  &udgements o a lower court  – appellee  = the person against whom an appeal is ta!n 'usually but not always the winner in the lower court()he procedure ocuses on several main themes*  – how on appeal  is to be brought beore the court  – normally leave to appeal  will be re+uested by the appellant 3. Civil law  – contracts  , this law covers promises that the law will enorce and remedies i a promise is breached  – debtor and creditor  , situations when one party is unable to pay monetary debt to another   – negotiable instruments  , #unconditioned writings# that promise or order the payment o i-ed amounts o money.  Drafts  and notes  are the main categories  – real estate transactions   )he agreernent to sell between a buyer and seller is governed  by the general principles o contract law. $t is nonnally re+uired that these types o contract be in writing  – sales   regulates every phase o a transacticin or the sale o goods and provides remedies or problems that may arise. $t provides or implied warranties o merchantability and itness  – secured transactions   )his interest arises when in e-change or a type o loan a  brorrower agrees in a security agreernent that a lender 'the secured party( may ta!e specitied collateral owned by the borrower i he should deault on the loanEach o the /hareholders represents to the other that it has ta!en all necessary other actions to enable him validity  to accept and perform  the obligations  re+uired under the terms o this %greement and that perormance o the provisions  o this %greement will not result in a breach  o or constitute a default  under any agreement or other contractual restriction binding  upon him.)he /hareholders undertake  with each other that they shall not without the prior written consent  o the other parties while a shareholder in the Company become involved in any business other than that o the Company and that they shall during such period use all reasonable endeavors to promote  the interests o the Company and devote  to its business such o their respective time and attention and resources  as are reasonably re+uired or the efficient  and proitable conduct  o the business o the Company. − bonus shares  = $ authoried by its articles a company may transer proits to a und called its #capital redemption reserve# and use it to issue these shares to the members in  proportion to their e-isting holdings. − Reserve capital  = )hat part o the share capital that the company has decided will only  be called up i the company is being wound up and or the purposes o it being wound up. − Authorized capital  = )he amount o share capital stated in the articles o association. − Uncalled capital  = )hat part o the issued capital on which the company has not re+uested payment. − Allotment of shares  = )he process by which people become members o a company. − Share capital = )he amount o share capital the company will have. − Paid-up capital = )he issued capital which has been ully or partly paidup by the shareholders. − Share premium = )he e-cess paid above a share#s nominal value. − Nominal value  = % company#s authoried share capital is divided into shares o a symbolic value. )he real value o the shares may change over time relecting what the company is worth but their symbolic value remains the same. − Issued capital  = )he value o the shares issued to shareholders i.e. the nominal value o the shares rather than their actual worth.  – disualification of directors  = % director ound to have conducted the aairs o an insolvent company in an #unit# manner may be dis+ualiied rom holding any management position in a company or between 2 and 15 years.  – Petition  = % written application to the court or relie or remedy.  – !ankrupt  = /omeone against whom a ban!ruptcy order has been made.  – inding-up  = )he procedure whereby the assets o a company 'or partnership( are gathered in and realied the liabilities met and the surplus i any distributed to members.  – #oing concern  = )he basis on which insolvency practitioners preer to sell a business. Eectively it means the business continues &obs are saved and a higher price is obtained.  – $omposition  = %n agreement between a debtor and his creditors whereby the creditors agree with the debtor between themselves to accepts rom the debtor payment o less than the amounts due to them in ull satisaction o their claim.  – %iuidator  = )he person appointed to deal with the assets and liabilities o the companyor partnership once the resolution to wind up has been passed or a compulsory windingup order has been made.  – Undischarged bankrupt  = someone against whom a ban!ruptcy order has been made and who has not been discharged rom ban!ruptcy  – compulsory liuidation  = )he placing o a company into li+uidation as a result o an application to the court usually by a creditor.  – Administration order  = % court order placing a company that is or is li!ely to become insolvent under the control o an administrator.  – &raudulent trading = here a company has carried on business with intent to deraud creditors or or any raudulent purpose.   – Insolvent  = )he state o not being able to pay one#s debts as they all due or having an e-cess o liabilities over assets.  – 'fficial receiver  = )he civil servant employed to head the regional oices whose responsibilities cover ban!ruptcies and compulsory li+uidations.  – Secured creditor = )he irst to be paid rom the secured assets.
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks