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  Since 1970, Our GK Books areRated as one of theBest Books on General Knowledge GENERAL KNOWLEDGE REFRESHERRs. 300.00 by O.P. KhannaEVER LATEST GENERAL KNOWLEDGERs. 175.00 by O.P. KhannaTEST OF REASONINGRs. 115.00TOPICAL ESSAYSRs. 100.00CHOICEST ESSAYSRs. 100.00PERSONALITY AND YOURs. 15.00HOW TO STUDY AND TAKE EXAMSRs. 20.00ESSAY WRITINGRs. 30.00 POSTAGE FREE ON ORDERS WORTH Rs. 50.00 OR MORE. (Please add Rs 15.00 towards postage if order is worth less than Rs. 50.00) KHANNA BROTHERS (Publishers) 126, INDUSTRIAL AREA, PHASE-1, CHANDIGARH - 160 002 AVAILABLE AT ALL LEADING BOOK STORES OR ORDER DIRECT. OUR PUBLICATIONSREVISED & UPDATED 2008 EDITIONS  Solved Paper Combined Defence Services Exam ENGLISH LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION Directions:  In this Section you have Six  shortpassages. After each passage you will find severalquestions based on the passage. First, read Passage-I,and answer the questions based on it. Then go on tothe other passages.Examples ‘I’ and ‘J’ are solved for you. PASSAGE In our approach to life, be it pragmatic orotherwise, a basic fact that confronts us squarely andunmistakably is the desire for peace, security andhappiness. Different forms of life at different levels of existence make up the teeming denizens of this earthof ours. And, no matter whether they belong to thehigher groups such as human beings or to the lowergroups such as animals, all beings primarily seekpeace, comfort and security. Life is as dear to a mutecreature as it is to a man. Even the lowliest insectstrives for protection against dangers that threaten itslife. Just as each one of us wants to live and not to die,so do all other creatures.I. The author’s main point is that:( a  ) different forms of life are found on earth( b  ) different levels of existence are possible innature( c  ) peace and security are the chief goals of allliving beings( d  ) even the weakest creature struggles to preserveits lifeJ. Which one of the following assumptions orsteps is essential in developing the author’s position?( a  ) All forms of life have a single overriding goal( b  ) The will to survive of a creature is identifiedwith a desire for peace( c  ) All beings are divided into higher and lowergroups( d  ) A parallel is drawn between happiness and life,and pain and death Explanation:  I. The idea which represents the author’s mainpoint is ‘peace and security are the chief goals of allliving beings’, which is response ( c  ). So ( c  ) is thecorrect answer.J. The best assumption underlying the passage is“The will to survive of a creature is identified with adesire for peace’, which is response ( b  ). So ( b  ) is thecorrect answer. PASSAGE—I The martyrs who laid down their lives for thefreedom of the country, had a lofty vision of thefuture. They wanted the nation to be free from all theslavery and bondage. They wanted an India in whichall the communities would live in perfect harmony andin which there would be no high class and no low classof people, the curse of untouchability having beenwiped out completely. Women would enjoy equalrights with men and contribute their fullest to themaking of a great nation. Such a vision was in keepingwith the ancient glory of the country renowned for itssplendid achievements in literature, art and culture.We must now revitalise this ancient culture of ourswith tolerance as its masthead. If we forget or cease totake pride in our noble heritage, we shall have to facesevere indictment in the court of history which is aruthless judge and seldom spares the erring people. 1. The martyrs who died for the freedom of Indiawanted:( a  ) the country to be the strongest nation in theworld( b  ) the country to rule over the other nations( c  ) the country to be free from slavery( d  ) the people to give up their antiquated customs 2. These martyrs wanted that:( a  ) there should be reservation in the jobs for the backward sections of the society( b  ) there should be perfect communal love andpeace in the country( c  ) the old caste-system should be retained in thefuture( d  ) the women should look after their families only 3. We must strive with our total commitment to:( a  ) defeat and overcome the enemies of the nation( b  ) revitalise our rich past culture( c  ) inject scientific temper into our past culture( d  ) make scientific advancements 4. Our freedom-fighters envisioned that in freeIndia:( a  ) there would be an egalitarian society( b  ) women would enjoy higher privileges andrights than others( c  ) the country would be taken forward by someselected classes of the society( d  ) industrialisation should occupy the toppriority THE COMPETITION MASTER  Available as Print Edition also for Rs 50 per copy from your local newspaper agent SUBSCRIBE& Save More than 30%* For One Year Subscription  just send Rs 350 by MO or Cheque in the name of The Competition Master  to 126, Industrial Area-1, Chandigarh - 160002, alongwith your complete name and address.    ©    T   h  e   C  o  m  p  e   t   i   t   i  o  n   M  a  s   t  e  r .    C  o  n   t  e  n   t  s  o  r   T  r  a  n  s   l  a   t   i  o  n  o   f  c  o  n   t  e  n   t  s  o   f   t   h   i  s   d  o  c  u  m  e  n   t  m  u  s   t  n  o   t   b  e  r  e  p  r  o   d  u  c  e   d   i  n  a  n  y  m  a  n  n  e  r  w   i   t   h  o  u   t  p  r   i  o  r  p  e  r  m   i  s  s   i  o  n .  ENGLISH LANGUAGE PASSAGE—II Dr S. Radhakrishnan, the illustrious philosopherstatesman of India, was one of the greatest sons of ourmotherland. He cautioned the world against the domi-nation of science in society. It is erroneous to claim thatscientific knowledge would bring with it perpetualprogress and a steady improvement in human relations.The recent period of great scientific achievements hasalso increased human misery: two world wars, concen-tration camps, atomic destruction, cold war, deadlywars in the middle east, Persian Gulf and at many other places in the world. Growth in human wisdom hasnot been commensurate with the increase in scientificknowledge and power. The fear of universal destructionhangs over the world. There is a feeling of disenchant-ment, anxiety and even despair. Science has failed to liberate man from the tyranny of his own nature.Mankind is passing through a critical period and aneducation of the human spirit has become essential. Inorder to remake society, man has to remake himself. If humanity is to survive, man must integrate his knowl-edge with a social responsibility. 5. Dr S. Radhakrishnan has:( a  ) emphasised that science should be banishedfrom the society( b  ) opposed the teaching of science in educationalinstitutions( c  ) favoured scientific thinking in life( d  ) counselled that preponderance of science in lifedoes not necessarily generate happiness 6. The recent past of tremendous scientificprogress has:( a  ) made the world a very happy place( b  ) led to global warming( c  ) brought about internal transformation in men( d  ) shown that human wisdom has not kept pacewith galloping scientific knowledge 7. Man is despaired of science because:( a  ) science has given too much knowledge( b  ) science has brought him excessive materialcomforts( c  ) he has become a captive of science( d  ) he is confronted with the nightmare of totalannihilation of the world 8. Man can save humanity only if he:( a  ) abandons science( b  ) brings about an internal transformation inhimself ( c  ) makes his life more comfortable with scientificgadgets( d  ) goes back to nature and primitive times 9. In this passage, the writer has tried to showthat:( a  ) science is the only saviour that shall leadhumanity forward( b  ) science can bring about an end to all the wars( c  ) social change comes with the advancement of science( d  ) human wisdom must grow proportionately withgrowth of knowledge to evolve a creativeintegration to help mankind PASSAGE—III In Asia and much of the Third World, trees are stilldestroyed in the old-fashioned way : they are cut downfor fuel and cropland. In Europe, there is new andpotentially more deadly culprit. The Germans call it‘Waldsterben’, the dying forest syndrome. But the disease is far more than a German phenomenon. Sinceit was first observed by German scientists in theautumn of 1980, the mysterious malady has racedacross Europe, blighting woods in countries as far apartas Sweden and Italy.Explanations for the epidemic range from a cyclicchange in the environment to a baffling form of treecancer. But the most convincing evidence points to airpollution. Indeed, saving the rapidly deterioratingforests of Europe will probably require a two-prongedstrategy : an offensive campaign that includes the breeding of pollution-immune trees and a defensivescheme that calls for reductions in toxic emissions. But both will require more money than is currently beingspent on such measures, as well as total commitment toprotecting the environment. 10. According to the passage, which one of thefollowing statements is correct?( a  ) There is less damage in Asia than in Europe( b  ) More forests are dying in Germany thananywhere else in Europe( c  ) A cyclic change in the environment isresponsible for deforestation( d  ) Air pollution is the main culprit of destroyingEuropean forests 11. Saving the tress of European forests:( a  ) should not be difficult because of the advancesin experimental research( b  ) appears to be a hopeless task and thereforepointless to undertake( c  ) requires a much bigger budget( d  ) demands vigilance and punitive measuresagainst those who cut down the trees 12. The dying forest syndrome is a disease that:( a  ) is peculiar to the forests of Asia( b  ) has spread rapidly over the forests of Europe( c  ) is confined to the forests of Germany( d  ) has affected forests all over the world 13. The writer suggests that:( a  ) it is no longer possible to grow trees inindustrialized areas( b  ) pollution-immune trees wil absorb toxic THE COMPETITION MASTER  Available as Print Edition also for Rs 50 per copy from your local newspaper agent SUBSCRIBE& Save More than 30%* For One Year Subscription  just send Rs 350 by MO or Cheque in the name of The Competition Master  to 126, Industrial Area-1, Chandigarh - 160002, alongwith your complete name and address.  ENGLISH LANGUAGE emissions( c  ) all pollution-prone trees should be destroyed( d  ) it is not possible to grow trees that remainunaffected by pollution 14. The writer’s approach toward the problem of forest devastation is one of:( a  ) tolerance( b  ) indifference( c  ) well thought-out strategy( d  ) despondency PASSAGE—IV One of the major crises facing the country is thelooming water shortage. A recent report of the UN hasnamed India among the worst countries for poor quali-ty of water. The report ranks 122 countries according tothe quality of their water as well as their ability andcommitment to improve the situation. Belgium is con-sidered the worst basically because of the quality of itsground water.Rains failed in most parts of India last year and thevast areas of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra andOrissa were in the grip of devastating drought. Peoplewithout water turn desperate and violent. Villagers inRajasthan last year attacked the Food Corporationgodowns. Worse may be coming. With man refusing to controlpollution (America, the world’s greatest polluter, refus-es to cooperate with other countries) the world is get-ting hotter. This means that the great ice shelves(weighing billions of tonnes) of the Antarctic are col-lapsing. We cannot even conceptualise the dangerousconsequences. Last century, sea levels in Venice rose byone step of a staircase. This century they are expectedto rise by five steps. An additional cause for Venice’ssinking is the draining of underground water table dueto industrialization.The water tables in our cities have also been goinglower and lower. When ocean level rises, Tuvalu in thePacific Ocean will be the first to go under the waves. Citizens of that country are already migrating to NewZealand. Will citizens of Maldives crowd into Kerala?Will another mass migration from Bangladesh turn WestBengal upside down? 15. Citizens of Tuvalu are migrating to:( a  ) Belgium( b  ) West Indies( c  ) Morocco( d  ) New Zealand 16. Belgium, is suffering acutely because of:( a  ) the sluggish pace of its economy( b  ) the discharge of industrial effluents( c  ) quality of its ground water( d  ) rising cost of living 17. Villagers in Rajasthan attacked FoodCorporation godowns because of:( a  ) low prices offered to them for wheat( b  ) refusal of Food Corporation to buy wheat fromthe local farmers( c  ) no financial help from the government bodies( d  ) shortage of water 18. One of the reasons for Venice’s sinking is:( a  ) industrialization( b  ) its proneness to earthquake ( c  ) felling of trees( d  ) civil construction PASSAGE—V Most of us use the products of science—railways,aeroplanes, electricity, wireless and thousands of others—without thinking how did they come into exis-tence. We take them for granted, as if we were entitledto them as a matter of right. And we are very proud of the fact that we live in an advanced age and are our-selves so very advanced. Now, there is no doubt that ourage is a very different one from previous ages and Ithink it is perfectly correct to say that it is far moreadvanced. But that is a different thing from saying thatwe as individuals or groups are more advanced. Itwould be the height of absurdity to say that because anengine driver can run an engine and Plato or Socratescould not, the engine driver is more advanced than, oris superior to, Plato or Socrates. But it would be perfect-ly correct to say that the engine itself is a moreadvanced method of locomotion than Plato’s chariotwas. 19. Which one of the following statements iscorrect:( a  ) An engine driver cannot be compared to Plato orSocrates( b  ) Plato or Socrates is in no way inferior to theengine driver( c  ) Plato or Socrates surpassed the engine driver inevery respect( d  ) An engine driver is cleverer than Plato orSocrates 20. People today are very proud because they:( a  ) live in a philosophically advanced age( b  ) live in a spiritually advanced age( c  ) enjoy digital communications( d  ) live in a scientifically advanced age 21. Many of us make use of machines:( a  ) with full knowledge of their genesis( b  ) without knowing how were they invented( c  ) with very little knowledge of their mechanism( d  ) without any knowledge of their historicalsignificance 22. In this passage, the writer mentions Plato andSocrates to emphasise that:( a  ) they had a great respect for learning( b  ) they were men of great scholarship( c  ) people as individuals in the modern age are not THE COMPETITION MASTER  Available as Print Edition also for Rs 50 per copy from your local newspaper agent SUBSCRIBE& Save More than 30%* For One Year Subscription  just send Rs 350 by MO or Cheque in the name of The Competition Master  to 126, Industrial Area-1, Chandigarh - 160002, alongwith your complete name and address.
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