Environmental Impact From Different Mode of Transport

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  5183 REPORT  Environmental impact  from different modes of transport  - Method of comparison  SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  Environmental impact  from different modes of transport  - Method of comparison  Furher copies of this report may be ordered from Swedish Environmental Protection AgencyCostumer ServiceSE-106 48 Stockholm, Sweden +46 8 698 12 00 Fax:    +46 8 698 15 15  Internet:    www.naturvardsverket.seISBN 91-620-5183-0ISSN 0282-7298Swedish Environmental Protection Agency  Printer:    Naturvårdsverkets reprocentral   2002/03  Number of copies:    500   1 Foreword Technical and economic developments during the last decades of the millennium have given rise to increased mobility of people and goods. As a result, the transport sector has undergone dramatic expansion during this period. In order to achieve long-term sustainable development, new demands are being placed on transport sector actors to  promote greater environmental compatibility both individually and jointly. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA), in partnership with the Swedish National Rail Administration, BIL Sweden, the Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board (KFB), the Swedish Civil Aviation Administration, the Swedish Business Development Agency (NUTEK) 1 , the National Heritage Board (RAÄ), the Swedish Maritime Administration, The Swedish National Energy Administration (STEM), the Swedish Institute for Transport and Communications Analysis (SIKA), the Swedish Petroleum Institute (SPI) and the Swedish National Road Administration, has  been working on a project to establish the basis for a new method of measuring the impact transport has on the environment. 2  All co-operation partners have been involved in the financing of the project. The method developed aims to account for the impact of transport on the environment in an across-the-board, accurate and transparent way. It is based on comparing the effect different transport methods have on the climate, human health, noise, acidification, land use and damage to the ozone layer, using non-monetary quantities. Within the framework of the method, a model has been devised in Excel to make calculations which can then be used as a basis for comparisons and help both sellers and purchasers of transport services to adopt their own standpoints. The project was organised in a number of sub-projects focusing on methodology and environmental issues and has been conducted in two stages. It represents further development of the Swedish MaTs 3  project. The first stage of the project resulted in a  preliminary report published in March 1998. The second stage of the project was then initiated and resulted in this report which also constitutes the concluding report for the whole project. The report is based on the efforts of a number of jointly run projects in which everyone involved has had the opportunity of participating actively or exerting influence in some other way. Neither the method nor the model are fully fledged. This means that the calculated results presented in the report are, to a certain extent, incomplete examples 1  KFB and NUTEK are now part of VINNOVA (the Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems) 2  SIKA only took part in the first stage of the project while STEM and RAÄ were only involved in the second stage. 3  MaTs is a Swedish abbreviation meaning “An environmentally sound transport system”
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