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What we can do to avoid using our fossil fuels? Did you know that our traditional energy sources are running out? Our planet has limited supplies of fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas, which cannot be replaced. The sooner we start using alternative energy sources, the better. FIRSTLY, we should make more use of solar power. The sun provides a great deal of energy which, at present, we are not using. If we were to fit solar panels to the roofs of our houses, we would have a very cheap way of
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  What we can do to avoid using our fossil fuels? Did you know that our traditional energy sources are running out? Our planet has limited supplies of fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas, which cannot be replaced. The sooner we start using alternative energy sources, the better. FIRSTLY, we should make more use of solar power. The sun provides a great deal of energy which, at present, we are not using. If we were to fit solar panels to the roofs of our houses, we would have a very cheap way of heating the water that we use in the home. As a result, we would not only save on our electricity bills. But we would not need to use up the coal or gas that produces that electricity. Secondly, It would be a good idea to use the power of the wind to generate electricity. By placing wind turbines in certain areas, we could exploit nature without harming it. Moreover, wind turbines are not expensive so it would not expensive so it would not cost a great deal of money to establish such schemes. Again, we would save money and use fewer of our precious resources. Finally, we could make people pay heavy fines for wasting natural resources. For example, we could stop car drivers and make sure that their vehicles are running efficiently. Furthermore, we could fine factories and heavy industries if they are found to be wasting coal or oil. Consequently, we would be sure that the fossil fuels that remain will last as long as possible. On the whole, there are many ways in which we can produce energy without using up our natural resources and damaging the environment. Isn’t it t ime we all started doing something to protect our environment? WRITING: ESSAYS There is no doubt that the internet has brought many benefits to modern life, but would it benefit a child’s education to be taught via email, websites and webcams instead of g oing to school? As far as I am concerned, I believe that it is better for students to be taught in the traditional way. First of all, if children and teenagers didn’t go to school, the y would not have the opportunity to interact with others and develop friendships. As a result, they may lack the social skills needed to be successful in a workplace. Secondly, learning on the internet would make certain methods of teaching and learning impossible. The student would not benefit from the variety of learning methods commonly found in traditional classrooms, such as group work, class discussions and giving presentations to the class. On the other hand, some people argue that there could be some benefits to education online. For example, it may be easier to concentrate. Time and energy would also be saved by not having to travel to and from school. All in all, online education can benefit students to a certain extent. However, it seems to me that the personal contact within the classroom is more beneficial. IS THE ART OF CONVERSATION DYING ? The other day , my wife and two teenage children did something we haven’t done for ages. It didn’t require access to the internet, a TV screen, batteries … or anything else for that matter. But we all enjoyed it so much we’re thi nking of doing it again sometime. We had a conversation. The kind of real, live stimulating conversation that was common when I was growing up, but which seems all too rare there days. Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, e- mailing … but we seem to be  losing the art or communicating face-to-face. We all know when young people are out on a date there days, they spend most of that time answering their mobile. And teenagers nowadays seem to prefer catching up with their friends by texting rather than actually speaking to them. If we carry on like this, by the year 3000 we’ll all be living in our own separate little hi -tech bubbles, it seems to me. We’ll have lost the use of our voices –  apart from singing along tunelessly to karaoke music  –  and we  will be communicating only via our voices  –  and we will be communicating only via our thumbs, which will be the size that our arms are now. Am I exaggerating? What do you think? E-mail me, and who knows? Maybe we could even have a real conversation about it! THE CYBERSPACE LEARNING INITIATIVE Technological advances have a way of dispelling previously held misconceptions. One such misconception about education is rooted in time-honored conventions. For instance, acquired an education has always involved us physically attending a particular educational has always involved us physically attending a particular educational institution, for a specific period of time, at a specific period of time, at a specific age. Advances in technology, however, have generated revolutionary applications that could change the face of education as we know it today. Online learning, otherwise known as electronic learning, may not be new, but our perception of it is. Initially, overenthusiastic entrepreneurs rushed into a number of e-learning ventures, which failed to live up to their and our expectations. However, in view of recent developments in Internet and multimedia technologies, we have been reassessing the potential of online learning. There is presently much talk about cyberspace institutions or online universities that may, in time, replace traditional educational establishments. Virtual classrooms will be multi-functional, acting simultaneously as learning platforms, forums and social networks. They will be geared towards promoting the acquisition of knowledge as a life-long endeavor, occurring through global collaboration. Cyberspace institutions will go a long away towards achieving this as they will liberate us from the limitations of time and space. Flexibility of time and location makes e-learning a highly accessible, international resource. Prospective students will thus, regardless of age, background or srcin, have unlimited access to both formal and informal learning opportunities. The pursuit of knowledge will consequently become an end in itself and not a means to an end. Tourism always brings a place more harm than good People today are travelling further are further, no longer just in the summer but throughout 1____the year. Although some people argue that mass tourism has a negative effect on destinations, in my view its influences are generally positive. 2_____Tourist need places to stay and things to do and this creates a wide range of skilled and unskilled jobs for local people. Holidaymakers also spend a great deal of money, which stimulates the economy of the region as well as benefiting the country as a whole. 3____For example, when tourist start visiting an area, roads and public transport tend to improve, or an airport may be built, all of which benefit local people as well as tourist.4____Not only is this leading to better conservation of historic buildings and monuments in towns and cities, but also of areas of natural beauty and endangered habitats in country areas.5____For instance, many people argue that tourist development just leads to a proliferation of ugly hotels and apartment blocks. This may have been true in the past, but nowadays there are far more restrictions placed on both planners and builders to ensure that the character and architectural harmony of the place is maintained. To sum up, I believe that tourism has, on the whole, a positive influence provided its development is properly planned and controlled. In my opinion, it is possible for both tourists and local people to benefit, and for popular tourist destinations to have a sustainable future.    WRITING : EXPRESSING YOUR OPINION Technology has undoubtedly brought about a revolution in communication. Most people would agree that this has been a positive development. Recently, however, there has been concern over the negative effect that modern methods of communication are having on the English language. 1)……………… , the increasing use of e -mails and text messages is changing the way we use grammar. 2)……………… , that certain w ords are dropped in order to keep message short. In my view, this cannot be avoided, in a text message. 3) ……………… , there is neither the time nor the space to write complete sentences. The same applies to e-mails, which are supposed to be a shorter, more direct form of communication. In both cases, the need to be brief often means that the grammar is changed in some way. 4) ……………… , it is fashionable nowadays to shorten the spelling of words, 5) ……………… in text messages. One example of this is when peo ple write ‘CU later’ instead of ‘see you later’. To purists or to people who are not used to such abbreviations, this might be seen as a threat to the language. To my mind, it simply shows that the language is changing in much the same way as it has done for centuries. 6) ……………… , in my opinion, writing English correctly is not so important as getting the message across. If, for example, you send someone an e-mail or a text message telling them to meet you in a specified place at a certain time, making yourself understood is much more important than your grammar and spelling. As far as I am concerned, we should allow a certain amount of flexibility. Not everyone has a perfect command of the language but that should not stop them from being able to communicate. 7) ……………… , the effect that e -mails and text messages are having on written English is a significant one. This may; in the future, result in major changes to the language. However, we should not let rules get in the way of communication. After all, isn’t that the reason language was developed in the first place –  so that we could communicate? WRITING: Fossil fuels are what we have mostly come to depend on for our energy needs. The problem, however, with fossil fuels is that they are non-renewable and as they are limited un supply, they will one day be depleted. Many oil companies, in the hope of averting a crisis, are involved in the development of more reliable, renewable energy technologies. Among the alternative energy sources being looked into are solar, wind, water and nuclear energy. The sun, wind, and water are excellent sources of energy, all of which are non-polluting and renewable. Developing the means to effectively and economically harness this energy and use it when needed is the real challenge. Although we have made great progress in overcoming this obstacle, it would be too expensive to make alternative energy mainstream for major world consumption in the near future, as the current energy infrastructure would have to be replaced. Another solution scientists are considering is nuclear energy. Though it does not release any carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the greatest obstacle to nuclear energy production is the potential for a nuclear disaster similar to the one in Chernobyl. Another respect that must be taken into consideration is the disposal of the highly radioactive waste produced by nuclear energy. It takes at least 10.000 years for this waste to fully break down into harmless elements. The question that arises is where this waste will be stored for that length of time. There are many opinions on how the problem of energy will be resolved, but what scientists seem to agree on at the moment is that the solution to the world’s energy  demands will not come from a single source. Diverse energy technologies that do not deplete natural resources or harm the environment will be used to meet the world’s future energy needs.   
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