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   A concept  is an abstraction or generalization from experience or the result of a transformation of existing concepts. The concept reifies all of its actual or potential instances whether these are things in the real world or other  ideas. Concepts are treated in many if not most disciplines whether explicitly such as in psychology, philosophy, etc. or implicitly such as in mathematics, physics, etc. This article is about adult human males. For humans in general, see Human. For other uses, see Man (disambiguation).  Manhood and Men redirect here. For other uses, see Manhood (disambiguation) and  Men (disambiguation).  Man Left to right from top: Hafez  ·  David  ·  Ban Ki-moon  · Chinhua  Achebe  ·   Aryabhata  ·  Händel  ·  Confucius  · Kofi Annan  ·  Chief Joseph  ·  Plato  ·  Ronaldo  ·   Albert Einstein  ·  Errol Flynn  ·  Mohandas Gandhi  ·  Ole Henrik Magga  ·  Joel Salatin  ·   Adam  ·  Erik Schinegger   ·  Man with child  ·  Heracles with Telephus    A man  is a male human. The term man  is usually reserved for an adult male, with the term boy being the usual term for a male child or  adolescent. However, the term man  is also sometimes used to identify a male human, regardless of age, as in phrases such as Men's basketball . Like most other male mammals, a man's genome typically inherits an X chromosome from his mother and a Y chromosomef rom his father. The male fetus produces larger amounts of  androgens and smaller amounts of  estrogens than a female fetus. This difference in the relative amounts of these sex steroids is largely responsible for the physiological differences that distinguish men from women. During puberty, hormones which stimulate androgen production result in the development of secondary sexual characteristics, thus exhibiting greater differences between the sexes. However, there are exceptions to the above for some intersex and transgender  men.  A personal value  is absolute or relative and ethical value, the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A  value system  is a set of consistent values and measures. A   principle value  is a   foundation upon which other values and measures of  integrity are based. Some values are physiologically determined and are normally considered objective, such as a desire to avoid physical pain or to seek pleasure. Other values are consideredsubjective, vary across   individuals and cultures, and are in many ways aligned with belief  and belief systems. Types of values include ethical/moral values, doctrinal/ideological(religious, political) values, social values,   and aesthetic values. It is debated whether some values that are not clearly physiologically determined, such as altruism, are intrinsic, and whether some, such as acquisitiveness, should be classified as vices or  virtues. Values have been studied in various disciplines: anthropology, behavioral economics,business ethics, corporate governance, moral philosophy, political sciences, social psychology, sociology and theology to name a few.   Values can be defined as broad preference concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes.  As such, values reflect a person's sense of right and wrong or what ought to be. Equal rights for all , Excellence deserves admiration , and People should be treated with respect and dignity are representative of values. Values tend to influence attitudes and behavior. Ethics , sometimes known as moral philosophy , is a branch of  philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct, often addressing disputes of  moral diversity. [1]  The term comes from the Greek word ἠθικός   ethikos   from ἦθος   ethos ,   which means custom, habit . The superfield within philosophy known as axiology includes both ethics and aesthetics and is unified by each sub-branch's concern with value. [2]  Philosophical ethics investigates what is the best way for humans to live, and what kinds of actions are right or wrong in particular circumstances. Ethics may be divided into three major areas of study: [1]      Meta-ethics, about the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions and how their  truth values (if any) may be determined    Normative ethics, about the practical means of determining a moral course of action     Applied ethics draws upon ethical theory in order to ask what a person is obligated to do in some very specific situation, or within some particular domain of action (such as business) Human labour [edit]      Work (project management), the effort applied to produce a deliverable or accomplish a task    Work life or Employment, a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee    Creative work, a manifestation of creative effort, in copyright law    House work, management of a home    Manual work, physical work done by people    Paid work, relationship in which a worker sells labor and an employer buys it    Job, a regular activity performed in exchange for payment The workplace  is the physical location where someone works. Such a place can range from a home office to a large office building or  factory. The workplace is one of the most important social spaces other than the home, constituting a central concept for several entities: the worker and his/her family, the employing organization, the customers of the organization, and the society as a whole . [1]  The development of new communication technologies have led to the development of the virtual workplace, a workplace that is not located in any one physical space.  Work ethic  is a value based on hard work and diligence. It is also a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability to enhance character. Workers exhibiting a good work ethic in theory would be selected for better positions, more responsibility and ultimately promotion. Workers who fail to exhibit a good work ethic may be regarded as failing to provide fair value for the wage the employer is paying them and should not be promoted or placed in positions of greater responsibility.


Jul 23, 2017
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