Facilities Facilities management research in Finland – state-of-art about current Finnish PhD-projects Nenonen Suvi Sarasoja Anna-Liisa Article information: To cite this document: Nenonen Suvi Sarasoja Anna-Liisa , (2014), Facilities management research in Finland – state-of-art about current Finnish PhD-projects , Facilities, Vol. 32 Iss 1/2 pp. 58 - 66 Permanent link to this document: Downloaded on: 23 October 2014, At: 12:36 (PT) References: this docu
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  Facilities Facilities management research in Finland – state-of-art about current Finnish PhD-projects Nenonen Suvi Sarasoja Anna-Liisa  Article information: To cite this document:Nenonen Suvi Sarasoja Anna-Liisa , (2014), Facilities management research in Finland – state-of-art about current FinnishPhD-projects , Facilities, Vol. 32 Iss 1/2 pp. 58 - 66 Permanent link to this document: Downloaded on: 23 October 2014, At: 12:36 (PT)References: this document contains references to 11 other documents.To copy this document: permissions@emeraldinsight.comThe fulltext of this document has been downloaded 118 times since 2014* Users who downloaded this article also downloaded: Clive M.J. Warren, (2011), Facilities Manager's Desk Reference20111Jane M. Wiggins, . Facilities Manager's DeskReference. Chichester: Wiley#Blackwell 2010. 657 pp. Price: £39.99, ISBN: 978#1#4051#8661#2 , Property Management,Vol. 29 Iss 4 pp. 400-400John Crawshaw, (1993), A Look Forward , International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 5 Iss 2 pp.-(1992), Centre for Facilities Management Opens , Facilities, Vol. 10 Iss 4 pp. 7-9 Access to this document was granted through an Emerald subscription provided by 458072 [] For Authors If you would like to write for this, or any other Emerald publication, then please use our Emerald for Authors serviceinformation about how to choose which publication to write for and submission guidelines are available for all. Pleasevisit for more information.  About Emerald Emerald is a global publisher linking research and practice to the benefit of society. The company manages a portfolio of more than 290 journals and over 2,350 books and book series volumes, as well as providing an extensive range of onlineproducts and additional customer resources and services. Emerald is both COUNTER 4 and TRANSFER compliant. The organization is a partner of the Committee on PublicationEthics (COPE) and also works with Portico and the LOCKSS initiative for digital archive preservation. *Related content and download information correct at time of download.    D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   B   C   U    B   U   C   U   R   E   S   T   I   A   t   1   2  :   3   6   2   3   O  c   t  o   b  e  r   2   0   1   4   (   P   T   )  Facilities management researchin Finland – state-of-art aboutcurrent Finnish PhD-projects Suvi Nenonen School of Engineering, Built Environment Services Research Group (BES), Aalto University, Aalto, Finland, and  Anna-Liisa Sarasoja  Real Estate Business Research Group, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland  Abstract Purpose  – The goal of this paper is to present a description of ongoing PhD-projects as a part of facilities management (FM) research in Finland. Design/methodology/approach  – The empirical evidence is collected from PhD-research projects,the facilities management research sector in Finland. Theaim isto identify and analyze: drivers for theresearch; dominant research themes; theories; research methods. Findings  – TheFinnish research in facilities management began already in the beginning of 1990s atHelsinki University of Technology (nowadays Aalto-University). The research followed the embryonicphase of development of facilities management as a profession. At first the research was focusing onthefacility services, e.g.problems relatedtooutsourcing, contracting-out,co-operations. Nowadays,theresearch focus is wider and more scattered as a topic and methods wise. Research limitations/implications  – The paper describes the situation only in one Finnishuniversity in Finland excluding the research projects, which do not aim to doctoral degrees. Practical implications  – The focus is on research, but the reflections to the development of theindustry as well as to the affordance in the education can be made. The results offer material for thefuture research agenda and also for collaborative and comparative research initiatives. Originality/value  – This paper provides important input to the European FM research bydescribing the current PhD research initiatives in Finland. The overview is useful in the discussion of topics for FM research, relevance and implications for practice, and the development of FM as anacademic field. Keywords  Finland, Facilities management, Research Paper type  Research paper 1. Introduction The research in facilities management has received a lot of attention in scientificdiscussion during the last decade. In Finland one of the first overviews of theFM-markets in 2001 indicated that the facilities management service supply wasincreasing rapidly in Finland. More service providers, owners, construction firms andothers seek business opportunities within the facilities management. The managementmarket in 2001 comprises of several FM service providers from very differentbackgrounds. (Tuomela  et al.  2001). In 2011 the research conducted by Boateng, 2011summarizes that the concept of facilities management in Finland has been technicallyoriented in the past but gradually heading towards a service concept. These changes inmarkets are drivers for facilities management research in Finland. Additionally theEuropean and Nordic development in research field is directing the research initiatives. The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at F32,1/2 58 FacilitiesVol. 32 No. 1/2, 2014pp. 58-66 q Emerald Group Publishing Limited0263-2772DOI 10.1108/F-10-2012-0079    D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   B   C   U    B   U   C   U   R   E   S   T   I   A   t   1   2  :   3   6   2   3   O  c   t  o   b  e  r   2   0   1   4   (   P   T   )  The first comprehensive review, evaluation and classification about academicresearch that has been published in facilities management (FM) was conducted in aEuropean context by Ventovuori  et al.  (2007). Qualitative data was gathered fromacademicpaperspublished inFM-related journals(i.e.  Facilities ,the  Journal of Facilities Management  , and the  Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research  – SpecialSeries) and in conjunction with academic conferences (i.e. the European ResearchSymposium in Facilities Management and the CIB W70 Symposium) between1996-2005. In this study, the research papers were classified according to the FM topicsexamined in them, the type of research performed and the data-gathering methodsused in the study reported, the background of the authors, the research field, and theresearch sector. The evaluation of the academic papers indicated that the reporting of the methods used, data collection and limitations is inadequate in many academicpapers. However, to draw valid conclusions and align FM research, methodologicalissues should be clearly delineated in research papers. In order to progress, the FMdiscipline must increasingly employ hypothesis testing and more robust data analysistechniques.Ventovuori  et al.  (2007) added a further remark that many papers could have beendeveloped into pure research papers by referring to the existing body of knowledge.Then again, they also put forward the mitigating observation that “this ischaracteristic of a completely new or emerging area of research”.Pullen  et al.  (2009) continue that a lot could be learned from anthropologists alwaysdescribing their own perspective. Extrapolating strengths and weaknesses, in otherwords, need to be on the view screen of FM researchers. Alexander (2008) has noted: FM research should respond to the need for real world, people-centered and action-orientedconcepts and tools so that facility managers can act as “reflective practitioners”.  Jensen (2012) points out that facilities management research in the different Nordiccountries has developed based on local conditions and opportunities.According to Pullen  et al.  (2009) facilities can be seen as business resources servingorganizational goals. FM studies and specifically the usability studies seem to fill thisgap because they study buildings and their effects from the perspective of the builtenvironment. As a continuation to the discussion Nenonen and Lindahl (2012) arguethat a challenge in FM research, either in a multi-, inter- or a trans disciplinaryapproach, is to manage both collaboration between fields of research and collaborationwith business life and other third parties in order to bring the results into practice.Another challenge is related to the interpretation of research results: the problemssolved may well be complex but in practice the industry and persons might stillarticulate and interpret the results from the perspective of monodisciplinarity. Theycontinue that in order to develop FM research and to manage the integration of methods, the research community has to engage in a discourse concerning thedevelopment of a possible FM methodology.This paper aims to present a state-of-art overview of current ongoing researchprojects (14 projects), which will be published in doctoral thesis in the facilitiesmanagement sector in Finland in the following years. The overview is useful in thediscussion of topics for FM research, relevance and implications for practice as well aseducation, and the development of FM as an academic field. FM research inFinland 59    D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   B   C   U    B   U   C   U   R   E   S   T   I   A   t   1   2  :   3   6   2   3   O  c   t  o   b  e  r   2   0   1   4   (   P   T   )  2. Development of facilities management research in Finland Facilities management research in Finland has developed in the last decades mainly inthree waves. Each wave has had a different driver and the development in differentpulses can be identified both as a development of research interest and changes inindustry and business (Nenonen, 2012).The first wave of facilities management research in the 1990’s focused on facilitymanagement services, service development and on production and management of services. The first wave of facilities management research in Finland can be seen asmultidisciplinary by its nature. Through simple collaboration, researchers fromdifferent disciplines can accomplish more by teaming up. Multidisciplinary teams haveto assemble and create a common language and framework for discovery andinnovation. This has been fruitful in research and development projects that havefocused on both the demand and supply side of the markets (Nenonen, 2012).The second wave focused more on research about the connection between facilitiesmanagement and the client organizations. The amount of doctoral thesis of facilitiesmanagement began to increase in Helsinki University of Technology. Issues such assustainability, workplace transformations and added value aspects are examples of thethemes in a variety of research projects. The third wave is now focusing on moreintegrated models both in the mixed use concepts in different space segments and inenlarging the service business models to, e.g. an areal context. The development of thefacilities management industry is giving input to the national research agenda.The semi-structured interview for Finnish service providers and representatives of facilities management education indicated that there is a continual growth of facilitiesmanagement as a business discipline (Boateng, 2011). Factors such as facilitiesmanagement competence, integrated facilities management, strategic facilitiesmanagement, sustainability, service design and innovations, and collaboration havea great influence on the future of facility management in Finland. Additionally,facilities management in Finland will continue to grow to embrace business needs forcost reduction, added value, and effective support services.According to Nenonen (2012) the challenge in Finnish facilities managementresearch is not to find out the relevant research problems but in the development of competencies towards interdisciplinary research processes: this means sharedunderstanding, methods and intensive collaboration, not only between industry andresearch or internationally but in knowledge exchange over the disciplines. 3. The state-of-art about Finnish facilities management PhD projects in2012 The data for this paper was collected from the doctoral candidates of Aalto University,Finland. Altogether 14 respondents filled a survey with open questions about theirresearch plan for their doctoral thesis. The themes of the survey were: backgroundinformationincluding,e.g.timeschedule,keywords,theoreticalframeworkanddisciplines,goal of the thesis, research questions, research methods, sample and expected results.The data was analyzed and clustered to describe the drivers for the research, thethemes of the research, the theoretical background of the research and lastly themethods used in the research.The sample is limited to the research, which aims to doctoral degree. Theconsequence of this focus is that the sample is gathered only in one university, because F32,1/2 60    D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   B   C   U    B   U   C   U   R   E   S   T   I   A   t   1   2  :   3   6   2   3   O  c   t  o   b  e  r   2   0   1   4   (   P   T   )
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