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OJECTIVES  To maximize profit while utilizing resources  To produce an environmental friendly product  To promote healthy living  To offer a quality product at a low price PRE-SELECTION STAGE Philippines is an agricultural country. But unlike other crops, mushroom farming is not popular. According to some article, because of low supply for mushroom, Philippines imports from South East Asia like China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, and Japan just to fu
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  OJECTIVES    To maximize profit while utilizing resources    To produce an environmental friendly product    To promote healthy living    To offer a quality product at a low price PRE-SELECTION STAGE Philippines is an agricultural country. But unlike other crops, mushroom farming is not popular. According to some article, because of low supply for mushroom, Philippines imports from South East Asia like China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, and Japan just to fulfill the demand. Growing mushrooms in the Philippines is economically feasible due to low-production cost, low supply, and high demand, which will be an advantage of mushroom growers. The target market of this business is Metro Manila. Though few mushroom suppliers are already present in the said area, because of increasing demand, having this kind of business would probably a profitable one. It can be distributed to restaurants, food caterers and grocery stores. The price of mushroom products ranges Php300  –  Php800 per pack, depending on the kind of product. In making this mushroom happen, the materials needed are available at hardware stores. The workers, to have enough knowledge about mushroom farming will attend seminars. The production is compose of three stages; Mixing; Incubation; and Harvesting. Then it will be move in the production department to process into end products such as dried mushroom, chicharon mushroom and fresh mushroom. The estimated investment required is Php 1,200,000 to cover some expenses costing Php 173,610. With this, an estimated return on investment is 22.75%. ANALYSIS STAGE Market Analysis Manila is the capital and the chief city of the Philippines. It is the center of the country’s economic, political, social, and cultural activity. It is located on the island of Luzon and spreads along the eastern shore of Manila Bay at the mouth of the Pasig River. It is situated on one of the finest sheltered harbors of the Pacific region and a center of the international port of entry. The city has undergone rapid economic development and industrial development in the past years. The City of Manila is the third biggest metropolitan area in the world and also the economic leader of the Philippines. It is surrounded by different business establishments such as malls, supermarkets, hotels and restaurants which are the target market of this proposal. Within the area of Manila, public transportation is provided principally by buses, jeepneys (small buses built on the chassis of jeeps), and taxis. Bus services operate routes to northern and southern Luzon as well as railroad services operated by Philippine National Railways.   Few mushroom suppliers are already present in the area but despite the competition, it is still profitable to compete in this kind of business in view of the fact that there are only limited supplier in the market and the demand is increasing since many food businesses are needing this product as a substitute for meat and to produce healthy dishes. The business’  primary target customers are restaurants, food caterers, and supermarkets. It aims to be a supplier of fresh oyster mushrooms to different restaurants and food caterers and a distributor of fresh oyster mushroom and oyster mushrooms products such as mushroom burger patty and mushroom chicharon to supermarkets around Manila. The source of the product’s main ingredient, which is the oyster mushroom, will be harvested on the business’ own mushroom farm in Antipolo City. Other secondary ingredients will be loc ally outsourced to have a lower production cost compared to importing ingredients from other countries. Thus, low production cost will make the product more affordable to consumers. For the business to be known to the public, social media will be used to promote and advertise the products. The business will also have a website wherein potential customers can know more about the product and the contact information for more inquiries regarding delivery transactions. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS The main material needed for the production of mushroom is Rice Straw, Sawdust, Dried leaves of banana, Darak and Apog. Its cost would total P173160 for the first month. The availability of these materials would not be a big problem for the location of the business is very accessible to different markets. The different equipment and materials needed for the business would include Straw Cutter, Ultrasonic Humidifier Control Machine, Mixing bowl, Shovel, Drum, Rope, wire, shelves and table. The production process is composed of three stages. First is the mixing where raw materials sawdust, rice straw, dried leaves of banana, darak and apog. Second is putting of substrate inside the fruiting bags. And Third, Harvesting of mushroom where mushroom can be readily sold to local market or transferred to another division for further processing to make the other products. The most ideal production site for the proposed business would be in Antipolo, Rizal which would be accessible to the target market of the business such as different food establishment, malls and wet market. It is also near the business establishment which would require the use of product. The proposed product, Oyster Mushroom production must strictly undergo in accordance with the procedure. It is very important to keep the place clean, well-ventilated and far from flood prone areas. In addition with fresh and dried mushrooms products the owners can make Patty, chi Charon out of mushroom. It will come with good packaging that can be offered to the market at a very reasonable price. The business waste will be segregated properly. The substrate which can no longer be used can be can be sold to the farmers as fertilizers. While the fruiting bag can be used again in the cultivation of mushroom.    FINANCIAL ANALYSIS The proponents decided to contribute Php 200,000 each in order to arrive at initial capital of Php 1,200,000 that is needed for establishing of the proposed business. The total project cost of business amounted Php 173,160. The projected income that will be generated within a year is Php 273,000 for the first year and Php 1,729,000; Php 3,115,000; 4,502,000 and Php 6,580,000 for the next four years. After a year of business operation, it is expected to yield 22.75% of return of investment as a result of Php 273,000 income and Php 1,200,000 equity. This implies that the business will perform well for the said year. The total project cost will approximately be recovered within 8 months. SOCIAL DESIRABILITY ANALYSIS The following statements summarize the significance of mushrooms in our drive towards alleviating poverty, enhancing human health, and arresting environmental degradation: (a.)Mushrooms can be used as food, tonics, medicines, cosmeceuticals, and as natural biocontrol agents in plant protection with insecticidal, fungicidal, bactericidal, herbicidal, nematocidal, and antiphytoviral activities. The multidimensional nature of the global mushroom cultivation industry, its role in addressing critical issues faced by humankind, and its positive contributions are presented. Furthermore, mushrooms can serve as agents for promoting equitable economic growth in society growth by generating more income through doing mushroom business. It also helps the government to raise revenue from the taxes that will be paid by business. Since the lignocellulose wastes are available in every corner of the world, they can be properly used in the cultivation of mushrooms, and therefore could pilot a so-called white agricultural revolution in less developed countries and in the world at large. Mushrooms demonstrate a great impact on agriculture and the environment, and they have great potential for generating a great socio-economic impact in human welfare on local, national, and global levels. (b) Mushrooms are relatively fast-growing organisms. Some tropical mushrooms can be harvested and consumed within 10 days after spawning. By the use of appropriate strains, mushrooms can be cultivated all year round. They can be cultivated using traditional farming techniques in rural areas, or by using highly industrialized technologies in urban communities. (c) Mushroom cultivation can be labor intensive. Thus, the activity can generate new jobs, especially in tropical, less-developed countries. It gives opportunities to people to have a job for a living. (d) While land availability is usually a limiting factor for many types of primary production, mushroom cultivation requires relatively little land space. Actually, they can be stacked using shelf-like culture systems. (e) Mushrooms have been accepted as human food from time immemorial and can immediately supply additional protein to human food. Other sophisticated and unconventional sources of food protein, such as yeast, uni-algal cultures, and single-cell proteins, have relatively more complicated requirements and need to be processed before they can be consumed. (f) Edible mushrooms should be treated as healthy vegetables. After improving the cultivation techniques, they should be cultivated as widely and as cheaply as other common vegetables, which will thus be beneficial to the general public. (g) In view of the pleasing flavor, high protein level, and tonic and medicinal values, mushrooms clearly represent one of the world’s greatest untapped resources of   nutritious and palatable food for our current generation and for future generations to come.  The proposed business shall ensure measures to be an eco-friendly business and will expose its waste in proper management of any trashes, residues from production and other used material on regular basis. The farm will follow guidelines, rules and regulations set by the Local Government Unit in proper way of disposing wastes. They will abide any environmental acts and regulations to protect the nature. It will employ specific measures for each type of waste. The management will implement paper less in handling the business transaction and operations. Thus, the helps of Electronic device / computer ton hold the records will be used. Since it is inevitable to use papers, the management will provide trash bins for segregation of any wastes into biodegradable, non-biodegradable and for hazardous waste in the farm. Furthermore, the management will also implement different waste disposal methods namely: Composting  –  waste will be classified as biodegradable specifically the used oyster mushroom substrates after the harvest will be stored in a compost pit to make suitable, nutrient rich compost that can be used as plant manure and fertilizer for vegetable propagation, this can be done through vermin compost for fast decaying of organic matter. This biological reprocessing tremendously improves the fertility of the soil. 3R’s (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) –  waste will be classified as non-biodegradable, specifically the use of PP bags will be used as vessels for vegetable propagation. The management will set a place within the project for site for a small vegetables plantation. Those used PVC and rubber bands will be reused if these usable and if not will be dispose in proper way. It will be the responsibility of the utility men and farm workers to see if the farm’s environment is clean and there is and observance in the proper disposal. Our role in waste disposal and recycling should be reexamined. The mushroom farm's image as one of waste recycling must be maintained or enhanced. It is important that mushroom researchers understand the problems of urban waste composting. A future possibility is to build a mushroom farm to use previously composted urban waste. MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS After an extensive study, the proponents decided to adopt the partnership as the form of business operation to have an efficient and successful business operation. There would be a need for 18 workers in the business including a general manager, two cashier/secretary, one operator/repair and maintenance employee, 2 employees at the farm, six production men (3 employees for chicharon and the other 3 for burger patty), two security guards, two sales personnel and two delivery men. These workers should be at least high school graduates and are willing to train and learn the ins and out of the business. They should be hardworking, trustworthy and with good moral character. It would also require for some of these workers to have an experience before being accepted as workers of the company. The duties and responsibilities of each personnel are to maintain the orderliness and smooth flow of the business organization. The manager would be responsible for the effective planning and controlling of the company/farm, the cashier/secretary on the other hand oversees the incoming and outgoing cash
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