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Forensic Anthropology Case Report

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   Forensic Anthropology Case Site Name Mohamed Adnan Michelle Gorbonosov Zahava Hirsch CUNY Brooklyn College   Executive Summary  Site Monitoring   The site monitoring was conducted by the forensic archeologist in charge of the excavation. The authors of this report were not present during the initial discovery of the remains or during the removal of the remains. The authors relied on post-excavation documentation provided to them for contextual information regarding the skeletal remains that were found. Dates of the excavation were not provided. The remains were found in a shallow grave described as being approximately 1.5 meters by 1.5 meters, with a maximum depth of 1.25 meters. Both skeletal and dental remains were found in a heavily wooded area near a stream that flows all year-round. The initial assumption was that this site held the remains for one individual, although evidence suggests that the burial site had been opened multiple times leading to the remains being jumbled. In addition to skeletal remains found in the grave, additional remains were found on the surface close to the stream. The excavation site was situated approximately 25 kilometers from the nearest town. There has been a significant time lapse of five years from the time of the initial discover of the human remains and the time of the analysis provided in this report. Purpose The purpose of the analysis of the excavated remains is to determine the identity of the missing persons. Laboratory Analysis The laboratory analysis was conducted on the Brooklyn College campus in the basement of the Ingersol building. Proper measuring instruments were provided, however, the authors had no DNA analysis equipment at their disposal. Methodology –  Skeletal Analysis The identification of the remains excavated followed standard forensic anthropology protocol. Skeletal sex, age, ancestry, stature and pathology were all determined whenever possible. The determination of sex was based on standards of analysis based on differences in morphology on specific locations of the skull as described in Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994) and specific locations of the pelvis. Determination of age was based on standards of analysis of cranial suture closure, as described by Meindle and Lovejoy (1985). Specific areas of the cranial bones were also used to determine ancestry based on analysis methods described by Klepinger (2006) and Bass (2005). Measurements were taken from all cranial and post-cranial bones, and long bone measurements were used for stature reconstruction based on stature reconstruction formulas provided. All skeletal material was analyzed for pathology macroscopically and all pathology found was documented according to the suggestions provided in Ortner (2003) and Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994).  Methodology –  Recording All skeletal and dental remains from the excavation site described above were recorded following the general standards provided by Buikstra and Ubelaker (1994). Data forms were created based on data obtained from initial analysis of the remains in the forensic lab. Each of the skeletal material collected and analyzed is provided with identifying specimen numbers. Methodology –  Photographs All bones and teeth were photographed to provide image referencing for this report. All photographs were taken with an iPhone 5.  Statement of Ethics All skeletal material was handled ethically and responsibly during the course of this analysis. It is understood that these remains represent missing persons and they were treated as such. No misconduct occurred with the remains. Report Format Each of the skeletal remains excavated is given its own sub-report titled with its specific specimen identification number. The data charts associated with each of the remains are found within their corresponding sub-reports. The photographs are referenced in the sub-reports they correspond to, but are found grouped together at the end of this report. Additionally, all references used are also at the end of this report.  Individual Reports SP# 237G (Complete Skull) SP# 0097 (Mandible) SP# 0595 (Pelvis) SP # 0732 (Left Femur) SP #0705 (Right Clavicle)  Summary Overview Date of excavation was not provided. Sp# 237G is a complete skull that was found at the excavation site detailed previously. SP# 0097 is a complete mandible that was found broken in two pieces at the same site. SP# 0595 is a left pelvic bone, the other parts of the pelvis were not found. SP# 0732 is a left femoral bone, which was found at the excavation site. SP #0705 is a right clavicle bone, which was found at the excavation site. The excavation grave was shallow, about 1.5 meters by 1.5 meters with a depth of 1.25 meters. The remains were excavated and then placed in a cardboard box for five years before analysis took place. No tissue remained on the bones. It is unclear exactly where in the excavation site the remains were found, being that some skeletal remains were found in the shallow grave while others were found above ground near the river and the location of each of the specific bones excavated was not recorded carefully. No soil residue was left on the remains. The skull was complete and some teeth remained in the maxilla, all of which are detailed in the data chart provided. Based on analysis of the specific sex location on the skull, the sex is determined to be male. Based on suture closure (refer to Image 3) the age is determined to be around 45.2 years. Unique pathologies were observed on the skull. There are a number of bumps on the frontal and parietal bones (refer to Image 3). There is a slight discoloration at various points along the skull. Additionally, both temporal bones are jutting out, as if the squamosal sutures never fused or were fused and then broke open due to some sort of trauma (refer to Image 4 and 5). There is also microporosity present along the skull. The sex of the mandible was determined to be male. It was recovered in two pieces, having been cracked down the center-left, presumably post mortem. Multiple smaller cracks were found throughout the mandible as well. Many teeth were not recovered, but some did remain in the mandible. All teeth are documented in the data chart provided. Teeth #18 and 19 were missing but the bone seems irregularly smooth, indicating that those two teeth may have never grown in. It is uncertain whether or not the mandible and the skull are from the same individual. However, being that there is no evidence to prove otherwise, it is assumed that both are from the same person. The sex of the pelvis was determined to be male. The age range of the pelvis was determined to be 35-45 years. Both the pelvic sex and age correspond with the sex and age

Yardley Chemistry

Jul 23, 2017
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