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Formation of Simple Present Tense

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Formation of Simple Present Tense
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  Formation of Simple Present Tense Affirmative Form  Subject + Verb + Complement I speak English. Negative Form  Subject + Don't / Doesn't + Verb + Complement I don't speak English. Question Form  Do / Does + Subject + Verb + Complement ? Do you speak English? Negative Question Form  Don't / Doesn't + Subject + Verb + Complement ? Don't you speak English? The third person singular (he, she, it) is usually formed by adding -S  to the root of the verb. Sometimes -ES  is added. -S , -ES  and IES  are added in positive sentences. a. Hamid listen s  to music every night.   Affirmative  I walk You walk He walks She walks It walks We walk You walk They walk b. He rarely watch es  TV. c. She usually take s  the train to work. Uses of Simple Present Tense 1. To show a habit  We drink coffee every morning. 2. To express a general truth  Water boils at 100 degrees. 3. To express an action with a future time expression  I leave tomorrow. Negative  I don't cry We don't cry  You don't cry He doesn't cry She doesn't cry It doesn't cry You don't cry They don't cry Example Sentences 1. We buy a newspaper every Sunday. 2. He doesn't visit his father. 3. Does she lie to her mother? 4. My sister works at the theater. 5. The boss gives us a lot of work to do.   6. Marry and Lucas don't play fairly. 7. Do you like to read comic books? 8. They spend a lot of money. –   PASADO SIMPLE I saw the manager a few minutes ago. In the seventeenth century Europe, there were many problems. When questioned about the latest events, the minister gave very little away. We use the past simple for situations that existed for a period of time in the past but not now.  When I was at high school, I played soccer. (used to play) The teacher at high school was very strict. He severely punished any misbehaving students. “When, while, after, before, as…” we should pay attention to tense agreement in sentences with time clauses.  He always ---- at me, before he ---- to me. a) shouts / listens b) shouted / listened c) had shouted / listens d) shouts / listened It ---- almost midnight now, we ---- out.  a) is / would b) is / will go c) was / would go d) was / will go We can also use “for” with simple past tense.  I stayed in Canada for 6 months. I had stayed in Canada for 6 months before I came back. In some cases simple past doesn’t refer to past actions.  It is high (about) time, somebody did something (It has a present meaning)   It‟s time you found a decent job.   It‟s time to find a decent job.   It‟s time you gave up smoking. ( to give up) It‟s time you ---- and ---- realistic. a) grow up / became b)grew up / become c)have grown up / become d)grew up / became It was time you had started (start) studying. If Clause  If someone did something / someone could do something (present meaning)(would) If I went shopping, I would buy some bread. Even if I knew the answer, I wouldn‟t tell you.   Wish Clause I wish you worked with us. (but you don‟t)  I wish we were in Miami lying on the beach. As if / As though (pretend to be)  She speaks as if she was an expert.(she is not)  I feel as though the world turned round me.(it doesn‟t)  She speaks as if she is an expert.(I believe she is) Would Rather sb did sth = Wish Clause  I would rather you smoked less. I wish you smoked less. Time expressions used with simple past:  four hours / two days / three weeks ago  I saw Jack yesterday then  he disappeared. Last  night / year / week in + past time (In June, in 1986) Yesterday the day before I ---- the holiday enormously. Although the weather ---- disappointing. a)enjoy / would have been b)enjoy / is c)enjoyed / was d) had enjoyed / had been e)have enjoyed / was FUTURO SIMPLE USAGE:  We use Will future tense for 1. Prediction (The things that we think will happen in the future)  My grandfather will be sixty years old two days later. I think it won‟t rain tomorrow.   My son will start school when he‟s 6.   Doris moved to another country. You‟ll never see her again.  Fortune Teller: You will marry a millionaire. Will is often used with verbs such as think, know, believe, suppose, expect, hope,
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