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Friday Bulletin 601

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Issue 601 of the Friday Bulletin
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  Muharram 14,1436/November 07, 2014Issue No. 601 This Newsletter contains some of Allah’s names. Please do not throw in the trash. Either keep, circulate or shred  Friday   Bulletin The The Weekly Muslim News Update  www.islamkenya.org Page 2Page 6Page 3Continued To Page 2Continued To Page 6 The government has been told to end the policy of alienating Muslims and instead engage the community in matters touching on national security.The leader of the majority in the National  Assembly Aden Duale said a closer work-ing relationship with the religious and po-litical leadership will produce better results in addressing issues of concerns touching on the community.“It is important to involve the Muslim lead-ership in matters concerning our youth, mosques and madaaris as this will bring about better results,” he said in an appar-ent reference to sentiments from senior security ofcials to prole Muslim institu -tions. Duale made the remarks at the weekend during the ground breaking event for the construction of the Adams Mosque and Is- Don’t alienate Muslims, govt told Community members; Vali Kasmani (Left), Ahmed Bajaber, Col. Hussein A. Farah and Mu-hammad Muya laying the foundation stone for the new Adams Masjid along Ngong Road during the ground breaking ceremony at the weekend. The signicance of Hijra Editorial:Strategies needed to end the senseless killings Concerns have been raised over the continued killings and disappearances of Muslims personalities especially in the Coast region.The latest victim is Sheikh Salim Bakari Mwarangi who was gunned down out-side Masjid Bilal in Likoni in Mombasa by unknown assailants who escaped on a motorcycle. The Sheikh met his death while going to the Mosque for the Isha (night) prayers after being shot by the assailants who escaped on a motorcycle.While condemning the assassination, the Haki Africa executive director Hus-sein Khalid described the continued killings of Muslim leaders, Imams, preachers, and village elders and youth as “deeply disturbing” and called upon the government and the security apparatus to stop the senseless kill-ings. “This brings the number of those killed in the last two weeks to nine. The government must address these Concern raised over Imam killing Call to protect Al-Aqsa Mosque lamic Centre along Nairobi’s Ngong Road.He categorically called on the interior cabinet secretary Joseph Ole Lenku and the inspec-tor general of police David Kimaiyo to work to-gether with the Muslim leadership in addressing security issues adding that a concerted effort is what is required rather than alienation and col-lective punishment against the community. His call follows comments from the CID director Ndegwa Muhoro and the Police Commissioner David Kimaiyo who threatened to clamp down mosques and madaaris which he claimed were involved in radicalization activities. Reacting to the state of insecurity in the coun-try, the Garissa Township Member of Parlia-ment went on to condemn the killing of 21 police ofcers by bandits in Kapedo Turkana County and the Sunday attacks by armed gang men on Nyali Military Barracks and Administration Po-lice camp in Mombasa and Malindi respectively. The majority leader questioned why police ofcers were being massacred by bandits yet the national government continues to invest heavily in the secu-rity of the country. He noted that those at the helm of the security docket owe Kenyans an explanation stressing that top security ofcials should nd a last -ing solution to the state of insecurity before things get out of control. “The intelligence and the police must tell us what is going on,” added Duale. Speaking at the event, a prominent Nairobi scholar Sheikh Dr. Muham-mad Osman called on Muslims to pool their few resources and support the construction of Islamic religious insti-tutions such as mosques, madaaris, educational centers and other com-munity oriented development projects to improve on the lives of Muslims in the country.Expressing the same sentiments, Sheikh Prof. Muhammad Salim Bada-mana who heads the veterinary de-  The Friday Bulletin Page 2 EDITORIAL Muharram 14,1436/November 07, 2014 Yet another macabre killing of an Imam has taken place in Mombasa increasing concerns about the spate of the unre-solved murders.Sheikh Salim Bakari Mwarangi the Imam of Bilal Ibn Rabah mosque joins a grow-ing list of Muslim personalities whose life have been cut shot through unexplained killings which have in recent years gripped the Coast region.Sheikh Salim’s killers did not even have an iota of respect for the sacred month of Muharram, the rst month in the Islamic calendar where conict and wars are ex -pressly prohibited.Since 2012, more than 40 people who in-clude Imams, Islamic preachers, activists, businessmen and village elders have lost their lives or mysteriously disappeared af-ter being kidnapped by unknown people.These sad episodes often come with as-surances from the government that it is vigorously pursuing those responsible for such crimes but to date not a single per-son has been arrested or convicted for these senseless killings.The mysterious killings and disappear-ances of individuals continue to send chilling reminders about the security and safety of many Muslims. The killings have instilled fear among Imams and preach-ers as well as activists who perceive that they could be eliminated due to their ac-tivities, thoughts or ideology. For some, the mosque which is supposed to be a place where the faithful seek spir-itual solace and inner peace, is suddenly becoming a dangerous place as the fear of someone lurking in wait around the mosque to take their lives encompasses their mind. In many of the killings, ngers have been pointing to the police as well as the so-called radical youth who are said to vent their anger on those opposing their teach-ings. At the end of the day, whoever is respon-sible harbours one main reason-to foment conict among Muslims and at a wider scale create inter faith conicts among Kenya’s diverse faith communities.Muslims and the nation in general have all been seeking answers to these mysterious killings and disappearances but the re-sponse have been inadequate. The probe organized in the aftermath of the murder of Sheikh Aboud Rogo only elicited more questions than answers. It is not enough for the Muslim leadership to come and condemn these killings. In the last two years, loud condemnations have been made but the outbursts have done little to stem the unresolved murders and disappearances. While the State has the machinery to provide some of the answers to these lingering questions, it will be a long wait if we expect some credible response from the government.It is not a secret that the underlying fac-tor behind these challenges is related to the so-called radicalization of youth and the subsequent State response. What is needed is to develop appropriate strate-gies to address this problem. This current state of affairs has to be changed and ways of constructive engagements should be ex-plored to address the issues of concern on all sides.Without having a genuine and sincere discussion on this matter, the public will continue to be treated to sensationalized read news headlines about the murder of Imams and preachers while the oft re-peated cycle of condemnation from the Muslim leadership will persist. At the same time, overzealous youth will continue taking over mosques while the police on their part will not relent on their threats to clamp down on mosques and madaaris and perhaps-may Allah forbid-carry out another Masjid Musa like raid.Extremist trends emanating from some youth such as disrespecting Muslim scholars and condemning those who don’t agree with their ideology and state security operations such as extra judicial killings are unacceptable and do not au-gur well for the wellbeing of the society.It is time to shed the image of the pro-verbial ostrich and stop hiding heads in the sand expecting that the problem will disappear away in thin air and seek ways to tame these dangerous culture which is only helping to create orphans and wid-ows and also helping to sow dangerous seeds of discord within the community as well threatening the glue which binds the diverse Kenyan faith communities.This is a national problem which calls for concerted efforts of engagement from the government, the Muslim leadership, civil society organizations and the youth to address this problem as its effects have a negative bearing on the wider social-economic and political landscape of the country. Strategies needed to end the senseless killings 'Engage Muslims' partment at the University of Nairobi urged wealthy Muslims to utilize their Allah-given wealth in supporting community projects. A fund-raising exercise conducted at the event collected over Sh85 million cash and pledges out of the 180 million needed for the start of phase 1 of the project.The Sh400 million facility is set to replace the current mosque that was constructed in the 80s,and would comprise a four sto-rey building, two basement parking space, prayer halls with capacity for 3200 men and women, library, multipurpose hall, re-vert center, ghusl facilities to facilitate for Islamic burial preparations and commercial centre.The event attracted Muslim religious and political leaders, members of the business community and professionals among oth-ers. Support towards this noble cause contribu-tions can be channeled through MPESA P AYBILL, Business No. 918750, Account No.222 or Gulf Africa Bank, Account No 0078678601 Continued from Page 1 The honourary council of Niger to Kenya, H.E Munir Chaudhri presenting his creden-tials to the cabinet secretary for foreign affairs Amina Muhammad at the ministry head-quaters on Monday. Chaudhri also serves as a member of the Jamia Mosque Commit-tee.  The Friday Bulletin Page 3 DA'WA Continue To Page 5 Muharram 14,1436/November 07, 2014   SUNDAY LECTURE   SUNDAY LECTURE SUNDAY LECTURE Topic: Maana ya TawhidBy: Sheikh Abu RamadhanDate:9th Nov 2014 Time: 2Pm- 4PmVenue: Makina Mosque Kibra Hijrah kindled the light of hope in the hearts of the early Muslims who set a shining ex-ample for all Muslims, in every generation, to emulate. Allah says in the Quran: {Those who believe, and have emigrated, and have struggled in the way of Allah with their pos-sessions and their lives are greater in de-gree with Allah; and those, they are the triumphant. Their Lord gives them good tid-ings of mercy from Him and beatitude; for them shall be gardens wherein is enduring bliss, therein they shall abide forever. Surely with Allah is a tremendous reward.} (At-Taw-bah 9: 20-2) The signicance of hijrah (the migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madinah) is not limited to the Islamic his-tory or to the Muslims. The hijrah not only reshaped - socially and politically - the Arab Peninsula, but also had its impact on world-wide civilizations. Throughout the history of Islam, the migration was a transitional line between the two major eras, regarding to the message of Islam; the era of Makkah and the era of Madinah. In its essence, this signied a transition from one phase to an -other, as follows:- Transition from the position of weakness, where the non-believers of Makkah - par-ticularly the people of Quraysh- humiliated, tortured and killed Muslims, to the position of strength. This is where Muslims were al-lowed to defend themselves and were able to defeat their adversaries.- Transition from spreading Islam through individual Da'wah (inviting others to Islam) to the spreading of Islam through institution-alized Da'wah, initiated by the state.- Transition from a position where Muslims represented a small group of people, sur-rounded by enemies and threatened by death, to the position of a regional power with a strong central leadership. This was one that was surrounded by a large number of followers and allies.- Transition of Da'wah from regionalism, in which the focus was only on Quraysh and the tribes surrounding Makkah, to the phase of universalism. This is where the Muslim State began reaching out to Persia, Egypt, and the Byzantine Empire.- Transition from being a simple Islamic group of believers, to being the Islamic na-tion. This was an organized Islamic state, with a central leadership and other organi-zations. - Transition, which is most signicantly for early Muslims, to the phase in which Islam was not only the act of worship, but a way of life. This was encompassing (surround-ing) politics, economy, social interactions and every other aspect of life. This was the rst time when Islam was looked upon as a comprehensive religion.This contrast between the two periods is clearly noticeable in the Quranic discourse. Muslim scholars describe the part of Quran that was revealed in Makkah as the Makkan Quran, and that which was revealed in Ma-dinah as the Madini Quran. Although both parts are intermingled in the The signicance of the Hijrah Dr. Ibrahim B. Syed Quran and constitute one divine script, the discourse of both parts is clearly distinguish-able. Whereas the part revealed in Makkah concentrated on Tawheed (the Oneness of  Allah/monotheism), the part revealed in Ma-dinah covered rules regarding Islamic life in general. There is no doubt whatsoever that the migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madinah was the crucial event, which established the Islamic civili-zation. This was a civilization that thrived for many centuries. Hijrah, the turning point in Islamic His-tory Hijrah (Immigration to Madinah), no doubt, kindled the light of hope in the hearts of the early Muslims who set a shining example for all Muslims, in every generation, to emulate. Hijrah, in essence, is a process of transfer to a better situation. It is not meant to nd a comfortable place where one would relax and stop endeavor (attempt). Rather, it is a search for an environment more favorable to continuous and constructive effort. Imme-diately after reaching Madinah, the Prophet undertook an all-embracing process to es-tablish a faithful and strong society. This is a signicant aspect and important lesson to learn from hijrah.Hijrah was one of the most important events in the history of Islam. It is for this reason the Caliph ‘Umar adopted hijrah date to calcu-late years. Muslims chose hijrah as the focal point to reckon their chronology. In physical terms, hijrah was a journey between two cit-ies about 200 miles apart, but in its grand signicance it marked the beginning of an era, a civilization, a culture and a history for the whole mankind. Islam progressed not only from the physical hijrah, but because Muslims took hijrah seriously in all its as-pects and dimensions.When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) immigrated from Makkah to Madinah, he did not just transfer his residence or took shelter in another city, but as soon as he ar-rived to Madinah he began the transforma-tion of that city in every aspect: Masjid (Mosque):  The Prophet (peace be upon him) rst established a Mosque to worship Allah. He himself worked in carrying the stones and building that small, humble but most powerful structure. That was the beginning, but soon other mosques were established in Madinah. Brotherhood:  He established brotherly re-lations between the Muslims who migrated from Makkah and the residents of Madinah who helped the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions. What was impor-tant was to have good relations between Muslims. They should have their brother-hood on the basis of faith, not on the basis of tribes as they used to have prior to Islam. Intercommunity and interfaith relations: Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also established good relations with other communities living in Madinah. There was a large Jewish community as well as some other Arab tribes who had not accepted Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) prepared a covenant for relations between these communities.Cleaning the city: Yathrib, previous name of Madinah, was a dirty city. When the companions came from Makkah to Madi-nah, many of them got sick and did not like that city. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked them to clean the city and remove its dirt and lth. Aisha said: “We came to Ma -dinah and it was the most polluted land of  Allah. The water there was most stinking”. (Al-Bukhari) Water system in the city:  The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked the companions to dig wells in different parts of the city. It is mentioned that more than 50 wells were opened in the city of Madinah and there was enough clean water for everyone. Agriculture and gardening: The Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged the com-panions to cultivate the land and make gar-dens. He told them that anyone who would cultivate any dead land, would own it. Many people started working and cultivating and soon there was enough food for everyone. Poverty eradication: In a short period of time it happened that there were no poor people in Madinah. Everyone had enough food and shelter and the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to give gifts to coming del-egations.Safety, security, law and order: Madinah be-came the safest city in the world. There were very few incidents of theft, rape, drunken-ness or murder and they were immediately taken care of. In short, hijrah teaches that wherever Muslims go, they should bring goodness to that land. Muslims should work for both moral and material goodness of the society. Did other Prophets perform Hijrah?  A hijrah was not something special for Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Rather, other Prophets emigrated before Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Yet, the hijrah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) differed from those of other Prophets because it was not intended as a ight from torture but as the beginning of the Islamic state. The eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradhawi, states the following:Most of Allah’s Messengers, if not all, emi-grated. However, their emigrations differed from that of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). For example, Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) emigrated, as related in the Quran: {And Lot believed him, and said: Lo! I am a fugitive unto my Lord. Lo! He, only He, is the Mighty, the Wise} (Al-`Ankabut 29: 26). In another verse, Allah  The Friday Bulletin Page 4 Muharram 14,1436/November 07, 2014 Continued To page 5 When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) rst started to tell people about the message of Islam, he was talking to peo-ple who knew him and his good and honest character. We might think that knowing the piety of the Prophet (peace be upon him) would urge them to believe in the message and follow him (peace be upon him) but the people were living in an environment of many evils. They were engulfed in idol worship, racism, tribal and family pride and many types of injustice.It took great faith and courage for the Prophet (peace be upon him) to trust in  Allah and proclaim the message, knowing very well the negative response that would likely follow. But this was not the only act of faith that the Prophet (peace be upon him) exemplied; in fact, making Hijrah to Madi -nah took enormous reliance on Allah and fortitude to face erce enemies while lay -ing the foundation of a solid Muslim com-munity.The disbelievers of Makkah were angry when the Prophet (peace be upon him) pro-claimed that they should not worship idols. These idols were made of stone and all sorts of materials (some were even made of dates).The Prophet (peace be upon him) told them that they should only worship the One true Lord of all Creation who had sent many prophets and messengers through-out time to guide humankind.Devotion to the stone gods was one rea-son why many insisted on disbelieving in the Prophet (peace be upon him), but an-other important aspect was based on pride, as the Quraysh (the main leading tribe in Makkah at that time) had been, for gen-erations, responsible for providing for the pilgrims who came to Makkah every year at the time of Hajj. At that time the Ka‘bah was lled with idols and Quraysh thought that if they believed in the Prophet (peace be upon him) and followed him, they would lose respect among the other tribes and this important role that had been given to them by their forefathers would be re-moved from them.Moreover, with the pilgrims every year, also came much economic wealth. In following the Prophet (peace be upon him) the peo-ple of Quraysh felt they had a lot to lose in worldly terms. Little did they know how much they would lose in the Hereafter if they insisted on their disbelief! The beginning of Hijrah While the Prophet (peace be upon him) was patiently, gently and persistently pro-claiming the message of Islam, his follow-ers suffered under the harshness and se-verity of Quraysh who did their very best to persecute and torture the believers, hoping they could force them to give up their faith and return to the worship of idols and im- morality. But the faith and rmness of the believers were exemplary and they were prepared to face death if they had to in or-der to remain faithful to Allah Almighty. After all efforts had been made to change Do you really know the story of Hijrah? Salma Cook the hearts of the obstinate Quraysh, the time had come for the Muslims to settle elsewhere and the Prophet (peace be upon him) chose Madinah. Slowly and secretly the Muslims started to travel to Madinah, trying to keep their movement away from the keen eyes of Quraysh. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was waiting for Allah  Almighty to order him to leave and travel to Madinah.It was a sensitive time because Quraysh had reached the peak of anger and frustra-tion at the growing number of Muslims and the fact that Islam was still continuing to spread despite their many efforts to thwart it. Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) remained behind in Makkah, wait-ing for the Prophet (peace be upon him) to receive the order from Allah Almighty to leave. He prepared two camels and provi-sions for the journey and waited patiently.Unaware of the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) plans, the Quraysh had devised a plot to kill the Prophet (peace be upon him) but  Allah Almighty is the Best of Planners and He did not allow the disbelievers to suc-ceed in their evil scheme. A group of young men, each one representing a tribe of Mak-kah, stood outside the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) home, intending to strike him (peace be upon him) one by one when he emerged and kill him.The Quraysh were proud of their wicked plan, thinking it would rid them of Islam once and for all without them having to an-swer to the tribe of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who could not retaliate against every tribe! Allah the All-Knowing Knew of their plot and guided the Prophet (peace be upon him) to safety. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) to sleep in his blessed bed that night and then under the protection of Allah  Almighty, the Prophet (peace be upon him) left his house and walked past the waiting men. They did not see him! And when Ali emerged from the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) house the next morn-ing they were astonished! They had no idea how that could have happened. Be-cause they were without true faith, they could not comprehend how it is so easy for Allah Almighty to make such a miracle happen.  Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), the faithful friend  When the Prophet (peace be upon him) left his house, he went to Abu Bakr (may  Allah be pleased with him) and told him it was time for them to leave. Abu Bakr was ready! The greatest manhunt was under -way! The Quraysh offered a great reward to anyone who would bring the Prophet (peace be upon him) back, dead or alive. How evil they were, and how great is the mercy, guidance and protection of Allah  Almighty.Quraysh expected the Prophet (peace be upon him) would head to Madinah, but he (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr (may  Allah be pleased with him) headed off in the opposite direction at rst to mislead their enemies. They camped out in a cave for some time and during this time a great lesson along with an ayat of Quran was re- vealed. When rst entering the cave Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was so concerned about the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) safety and wellbeing that he insisted on entering rst to rid it of any dan -gerous creatures, like scorpions. When he was satised that it was safe he and the Prophet (peace be upon him) entered it and stayed quietly there. Asma (may Allah be pleased with her), a daughter of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), used to bring them food and news from Makkah. She showed great courage in doing this and she used to hide the food in her clothing and creep out of the city going into the desert. At one time, one of the disbelievers thought she knew where the Prophet (peace be upon him) was and struck her harshly, trying to get her to talk, but she said nothing! At one point, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him)were in the cave a group of men, eager to get the reward money, stepped very close to the entrance of the cave. Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) could see their feet and was very afraid the Prophet (peace be upon him) would be found. He did not care for his own safety; all his thoughts and concern were with the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the great responsibility he felt in accompa-nying him on this very important journey. Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) whispered his fears to the Prophet (peace be upon him) who comforted him saying (what means): “What do you think of two, whose third is Allah?”(al-Bukhari) The Prophet (peace be upon him) was telling his great friend Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) that they should not fear as Allah was with them. Allah sent unseen soldiers, the Angels to support and protect them, the enemies of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were not able to see them When the time was right, the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr (may  Allah be pleased with him) left the cave and continued on their journey to Madinah. If was a long and difcult journey and the Muslims were in Madinah, eagerly awaiting their arrival. Every day men would go to the outskirts of the town, climb tall trees and try to see if the blessed Prophet (peace be upon him) was approaching.Many days passed and still there was no sign of the Prophet (peace be upon him). There was no way for them to know that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was safe; they just had to trust in Allah and wait. They had left their homes, undergone much dif -culty and faced many dangers. Without the Prophet (peace be upon him) to lead them,

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