Genocide & Hunger In Darfur[1]

1. Genocide & Hunger in Darfur Katie Stutsman April, 2009 2. Introduction…
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  • 1. Genocide & Hunger in Darfur Katie Stutsman April, 2009
  • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Darfur located in Western Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis considered “worst humanitarian disaster on the planet” </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated 1.8 million have been displaced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70,000 people have died </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Historical Perspective <ul><li>Conflict nothing new to region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have been many civil wars in the region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have been conflict all but 11 years in Sudan since gaining independence from U.K. in 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Government has a nearly 30 year history of arming the rebels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Janjaweed comprised of the “Arab” fighters responsible for attacks in region </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Darfur Demographics & Climate <ul><li>Population: 6 million </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent Drought Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Several Dozen Tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Two Main Competing Interests: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ African” descent; sedentary agriculturalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Arab” descent; semi nomadic livestock herders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hard to tell difference between group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermarriages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Sudanese are African </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Darfurians are uniformly Muslim </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. International Response <ul><li>Slow to accept crisis as a genocide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some argue that it is not an extermination, just a forced removal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EU, Canadian, and British officials have not described conflict as a “genocide” </li></ul><ul><li>UN has asked for more information </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrities have sparked a media frenzy fueling more attention towards Darfur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evangelists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media outlets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Groups </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Impact on Society <ul><li>Men most common victim of death </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks also on women, children and elderly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women victims of rape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>574 villages destroyed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.8 million displaced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People must gather in camps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food crisis result </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict surrounding food distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance on international aid for food in camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased disease as well </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Health <ul><li>Prevalence of acute bacterial diseases </li></ul><ul><li>People mostly die because they cannot get health care, clean water or enough food </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. biggest supporter of money for food </li></ul>
  • 8. An Ethical Perspective <ul><li>Many people have lost their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Many are left hungry, susceptible to disease, death, homes </li></ul><ul><li>Not a huge international response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem persisted before there was attention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Too much debate over definition of genocide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time could have been spent more wisely </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Economic Implications <ul><li>Displaced individuals have lost main source of income and food: land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsteady markets and poor climate conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not many solid jobs available in the camps </li></ul><ul><li>Economic measurement of civilian death is limitless </li></ul><ul><li>Very expensive to provide aid to region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. has pledged $100 million to region </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Conclusion <ul><li>Conflict is real and imminent </li></ul><ul><li>Sad that much of the attention has been driven by celebrity appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Global effort needed to overcome genocide and hunger in the region </li></ul>
  • 11. Sources Scott, Straus. &quot;Darfur and the Genocide Debate.&quot; Foreign Affairs 84 (2005): 123-33. Weissman, Fabrice. “Humanitarian Dilemmas in Darfur.” July 2008.
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