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  Fieldwork Opportunities: River environments    E   d  e  x  c  e   l    I   G   C   S   E   G  e  o  g  r  a  p   h  y   A  c   t   i  v  e   B  o  o   k 1 1 1 1 Measuring Channel Features ! # % &''#() *+ ,&'- )./#&,) &'0 ),&(( /12#/) ,&3# )41.&5(# +1#(06*/3 )1.#)7 8## . # 9 *.*:/&9 *' . # .1.(# &'0 %*'.#'.) 9&:# +*/ . 1) % &9.#/7 ! # +*%4) *+ . # +1#(06*/3 ) *4(0 5# . # #&/(- ).&:#) *+ . # 1'2#).1:&.1*' &'0 #';41/- )#;4#'%#< 9(&''1':= 1'%(401': *5>#%.12#)= 0&.& %*((#%.1*' &'0 /#%*/01': ? 1'%(401': #2&(4&.1*' *+ . # ,#. *0)7 @' ),&(( :/*49) 4)1': #1. #/ 5&)1% #;419,#'. */ )*9 1).1%&.#0 #(#%./*'1% #;419,#'.= 1. 1) 9*))15(# .* ,#&)4/# &'0 /#%*/0< A B &''#( 610. &'0 /12#/ 610. A B &''#( 0#9. &'0 6&.#/ 0#9. A C&.#/ 2#(*%1.- &. 2&/1*4) 9*1'.) *' . # )4/+&%#= &(*': . # 5#0 &'0 61. 1' . # 6&.#/ A B &''#( )(*9# */ :/&01#'. A D#0(*&0 )1E# ! # #;419,#'. '##0#0 1'%(40#) /&':1': 9*(#)= .&9# ,#&)4/#= ,#./# /4(#/= %(1'*,#.#/= 1,9#((*/ &'0 ).*96&.% */ #(#%./*'1% +(*6,#.#/7 8*4/%# F ) *6) )*,# *+ . 1) #;419,#'. 5#1': 4)#0 .* ,#&)4/# . # 610. ) &'0 0#9. ) *+ % &''#( &'0 6&.#/7 B/*))?)#%.1*'&( &/#&) GB8HI &'0 01)% &/:# %&' 5# %&(%4(&.#0 +/*, . #)# ,#&)4/#,#'.)< B/*))?)#%.1*'&( &/#& J 610. K 0#9. L1)% &/:# J %/*))?)#%.1*'&( &/#& K 2#(*%1.- Source 1  Method of measuring channel and water width and depth M#&)4/#,#'.) %&' 5# .&3#' &. 2&/1*4) )1.#) &(*': & % &''#(= 9#/ &9) &/*4'0 & ,#&'0#/ &'0 . # 0&.& 01)9(&-#0 1' & .&5(# G8*4/%# NI7 ! # 0&.& %&' 5# 9/#)#'.#0 01&:/&,,&.1%&((- G#7:7 9(*..1': . # ) &9# *+ & % &''#(I &'0 /#(&.#0 .* .#K.5**3 . #*/1#) &5*4. *6 /12#/) 5# &2# #7:7 . &. . #- +(*6 +&).#). &/*4'0 . # *4.)10# *+ & ,#&'0#/O . &. 01)% &/:# 1'%/#&)#) 0*6')./#&,O . &. 2#(*%1.- 1'%/#&)#) 61. :/&01#'.O . &. 5#0(*&0 )1E# 1) :/#&.#). 49)./#&,7 @. 1) 9*))15(# .* *5)#/2# . # 1'+(4#'%# *+ 9/*%#))#) 1' &%.1*'7    2 2 2 2 2    E   d  e  x  c  e   l    I   G   C   S   E   G  e  o  g  r  a  p   h  y   A  c   t   i  v  e   B  o  o   k Source 3   Water quality tests at various locations along the river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ite A B C D E F G H River width (metres) 1.2 1.5 2.2 2.4 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.5 River depth (metres) 0.1 0.1 0.11 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 Velocity (metres per second) 0.04 0.06 0.09 0.24 0.19 0.25 0.35 0.28 Source 2    A river fieldwork results table Measuring water quality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    3 3 3 3 3    E   d  e  x  c  e   l    I   G   C   S   E   G  e  o  g  r  a  p   h  y   A  c   t   i  v  e   B  o  o   k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ite number 1 (Pangbourne) 2 (Reading) 3 (Shiplake) Land Use Farmland Shops and car park School playing fields River discharge Low High Low Water quality (mark out of 10) Poor (1) Very good (9) Good (6) Water management None Run off from urban area Water taken out for public use Smell Unpleasant None None Colour Brown Light brown Light brown Human impact  Agricultural chemicals in river Some plastic bottles in river Water is extracted for agriculture Source 4   Water quality along the river Thames: some fieldwork results.  
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